International Transaction Journal of Engineering,
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:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

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ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642
CODEN: ITJEA8


FEATURE PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

Vol.10(14) (2019)

Special Issue on Technology and Social Analysis (Multidisciplinary)
  • LEVELS OF PERMEABILITY AND WAYFINDING IN AUTISM INSTITUTION

    Lim Heng Yi, Ahmad Sanusi Hassan, Yasser Arab, and Rasha Saeed Abdulla Ba Angood (School of Housing, Building & Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.179

    Keywords: Spatial Configuration; Justified Graph; Wayfinding analysis; Space syntax; Permeability.

    Abstract
    Autism Institute is an organisation that helps autistic students who need legal and special education with appropriate programs and services. This study is to identify the level of permeability and wayfinding which determines the quality of the building’s spatial configuration. This research evaluates the space planning through the floor layout plans which will discover and understand the quality of spatial configuration for Autism Institute. To achieve the research objective, the research study investigates educational and autism institutions with reference to space syntax analysis. The case studies selected for analysis were Flower with Kindergarten in South Korea and Pacific Autism Family Center in Canada. A justified graph and numbering indication system for each case study are conducted, and the resulting graph is compared and summarised based on the level of permeability, wayfinding and spatial configuration in relation to space syntax.

    Paper ID: 10A14A

  • AN EXPLORATION OF JOB SATISFACTION INDICES FOR TEACHERS IN BALOCHISTAN, PAKISTAN

    Abdul Raziq* (Department of Statistics, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, PAKISTAN and Department of Statistics, University of Balochistan, Quetta, PAKISTAN )
    Raja M. Ilyas, Mir G. H. Talpur (Department of Statistics, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, PAKISTAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.180

    Keywords: Job Satisfaction; Job dissatisfaction of teachers; Job Satisfaction Index; Dimensional Scaling; Principle Component Analysis.

    Abstract
    Over the years, much criticism has been evidenced by the constructs of job satisfaction. This study identifies the significant components of job satisfaction among teachers working at school, college and university level in Balochistan, one of the largest province of Pakistan. Constructing job satisfaction indices are the key dimension of this research. In the past literature job, satisfaction was proven to be linked with leaving intention and organizational turnover. However, there are limitations to the existing dimensions of job satisfaction. Thus, to validate the dimensions of the job satisfaction data was collected from 576 school teachers, 314 college teachers, and 158 university teachers. A set of 23 questions was included in the measurement scale to tap the dimensions of job satisfaction. The principal component analysis was used to identify the dimensions of Job satisfaction. The results explored seven dimensions of job satisfaction, further, factor loading weighted average was used to develop the Job Satisfaction Index (JSI) that best describes job satisfaction construct.

    Paper ID: 10A14B

  • ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVE ROUTES CONNECTING BETWEEN KAZAN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY AND THE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE

    Hugo Bautista*, Gulnara Valeeva, Svetlana Shabalina (Kazan Federal University, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.181

    Keywords: Bicycle scheme; Bicycle route, Bicycle parking; Safety tracks; University connectivity, SWOT analysis.

    Abstract
    In comparison with pedestrian travels, bicycle trips have many advantages: improve joint mobility and cardiovascular fitness, help in releasing endorphins (reduce stress), increase speed of movement, reduces fatigue. Moreover, bicycle trips give a number of options when choosing a route with nice land escapes and roads inside Kazan. Bicycle-route connectivity is an important indicator for efficient a university route network, and can be considered with recreational and commuting purposes. At present, the indices related to bicycle connectivity have become an important concern for designing a complete route network. The aim of this study is to develop a safe route to connect two locations located in the city of Kazan: student residence N8 (2 Derevnya Universiade Str., Privolzhskom region) and the Institute of Management, Economics and Finance (6/20 Kremlevskaya Str., Vakhitovsky region) at Kazan Federal University (KFU). This study considers the Maslow Transportation Pyramid, SWOT analysis, and confirms with interviews to routes' users.

    Paper ID: 10A14C

  • AN EXPERIMENT ON SPEED BUMPS BUILT WITH USED PNEUMATIC RUBBER TIRES

    Boonsap Witchayangkoon*, Sayan Sirimontree, Krittiya Leartpocasombut (Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, Pathumtani, 12120, THAILAND ),
    Sanya Namee (Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Ministry of Interior, Royal Thai Government, Bangkok, THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.182

    Keywords: Sustainability traffic engineering; Low-cost speed bump; Waste management; Tire recycling; Speed control; Traffic calming device; Vehicle maneuver; Tire reuse.

    Abstract
    Having a sustainability concept, used car pneumatic rubber tires are employed to build simple speed bumps to be placed on a local roadway to reduce passing speeds of vehicles. This study demonstrates a way to build low-cost speed bump. In this experiment, bumps are made with different used tire sizes (of a sedan, a six-wheel lorry, and a ten-wheel lorry). The effects on vehicles passing the bumps are observed. Traffic audits and investigation on vehicles passing the used rubber tires bump are investigated, at 85th percentile speeds. With an installation of cheap bump built with used pneumatic rubber tires, it can increase safety to the local community in the roadway neighborhood.

    Paper ID: 10A14D

  • SIMULTANEOUS CONSTRUCTION OF PHASE DIAGRAM AND HYDRATE EQUILIBRIUM CURVE FOR AN IRANIAN GAS CONDENSATE RESERVOIR

    Ali Asghar Gharesheikhlou* (PVT Department of Petroleum Engineering Division, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), Tehran, IRAN ),
    Ali Naseri (Production Department of Petroleum Engineering Division, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.183

    Keywords: Phase diagram; Quality line; Hydrate equilibrium Gas condensate fluid; Constant Composition Expansion..

    Abstract
    Constructing phase diagram and its subsequent quality lines for gas condensate reservoirs are always demanding but challenging problem in reservoir fluid experimental studies. Phase diagram and quality lines for gas condensate systems defines regions of gas and gas-liquid condensates through phase diagram and this is frequently used as a short-cut method by reservoir engineers to determine reservoir fluid phase behavior in each operating pressure and temperature condition. Moreover, gas production units sometimes are imposed by solid hydrate formation problem due to spatial combination of producing water and gas molecules and to some extent this phenomena complicates fluid phase conditions dramatically. This experimental research introduces simultaneous studying of reservoir fluid phase diagrams parallel with experimental constructing of hydrate stability curves in order to depict different regions of gas, liquid condensate and solid hydrates throughout of phase diagram region. To do so, phase diagram and hydrate stability curve constructed and merged together for an Iranian gas condensate sample and newly obtained curve interpreted completely and different regions of gas, liquid condensate, gas- liquid condensate and solid hydrates regions were pinpointed experimentally.

    Paper ID: 10A14E

  • AN ANALYSIS OF EMOTIONAL AND CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE RELATIONSHIP ON ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIORS AMONG EMPLOYEES OF IRANIAN TOURISM ORGANIZATIONS

    Sobhan Shafieihassanabadi (Department of Management, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish, IRAN ),
    Rostam Pourrashidi* (Department of Management, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.184

    Keywords: Emotional intelligence; Cultural intelligence; Citizenship behavior; Organizational behavior; Tourism organization; Organizational effectiveness.

    Abstract
    This study aims to assess the relationship between Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) with the intermediation role of the emotional intelligence (EI) and cultural intelligence (CQ) among the employees of the Tourism and Heritage Organization. This research is a practical study and descriptive correlational research. The statistical population includes all 340 employees of the Tourism and Heritage Organization in both the expertise and service employees' sections. The instruments for data collection were EI questionnaire, CQ and organizational behavior questionnaire. The results illustrated that changes in the level of emotional and CQ lead to change the OCB and it has positive progress (increasingly), which the coefficients of Spearman and Kendall's tests and are the reason for this relationship. On the other hand, findings suggest that changes in the level of EI trigger change in CQ rank and have positive progress (increasingly). The results of hypothesis tests indicate that the changes in the emotional and CQ levels affect the OCB.

    Paper ID: 10A14F

  • ROLES OF EQUALIZATION POLICIES TOWARDS THE REDUCTION OF REGIONAL DISPARITIES: A REALITY CHECK APPROACH OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    Yan Jie (School of Public Finance and Taxation, South Western University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, 610065 CHINA ),
    Qurat ul Ain (School of Public Finance and Taxation, South Western University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, 610065 CHINA and COMSATS University, PAKISTAN ),
    Tahir Yousaf (Business School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, CHINA and University of Lahore, PAKISTAN ),
    Yasmeen Akhtar (Noon Business School, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, PAKISTAN and COMSATS University, PAKISTAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.185

    Keywords: Economic development; Fiscal decentralization; Regional Disparities; Fiscal Equalization; Instrument variables.

    Abstract
    Using a province-level panel dataset from 1990-2015, this paper determines the effect of fiscal decentralization (FD) and equalization efforts on the regional disparities (RD) in Pakistan. However, the FD provides substantial benefits about public efficiency; a significant large shortcoming is that it may increase in Regional disparities. This study develops hypotheses and empirically determines that FD, measured from revenue and expenditure side, leads to larger RD at the provincial level. Whereas, fiscal equalization efforts tend to alleviate the unfavorable outcomes of decentralization. This research is an attempt to examine and provide enough support for the potential cost associated with using FD as a part of the growth strategy, which is a step forward toward economic development.

    Paper ID: 10A14G

  • FUZZY-NEIGHBORHOOD MODEL OF THE PLANT FOR MAINTAINING POLYOL TEMPERATURE

    Shmyrin Anatoly Mikhailovich, Yartsev Alexey Gennadievich* (Department of Higher Mathematics, Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.186

    Keywords: Neighborhood model; Mixed control; Variable coefficients; Fuzziness; Identification; Heat transfer coefficient.

    Abstract
    A fuzzy-neighborhood bilinear model of the plant for maintaining polyol temperature is considered. A fuzzy-neighborhood model was identified in which the fuzziness coefficients facing the bilinear members the product of the corresponding fuzziness coefficients is facing the linear members. A comparison was made of the deviations of the system obtained as a result of identification, and a comparison of the values of the heat transfer coefficient obtained as a result of the mixed control of fuzzy and the traditional neighborhood model.

    Paper ID: 10A14H

  • IMPACTS OF VIDEO GAMING ON AGGRESSION AND COGNITIVE ABILITY OF PAKISTANIS VIDEO GAMERS

    Kanwal Shahbaz* (Psychology & Education Department, Foundation University Rawalpindi Campus, PAKISTAN ),
    Annum Khan (Centre for Counseling and Career Advisory, C3A, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), PAKISTAN ),
    Faiza Rasul (National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, PAKISTAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.187

    Keywords: Video game player; Cognitive ability Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire; Emotional disturbances; Female-video-gamers; Male-video-gamers.

    Abstract
    A video game is an electronic device that employs electronic algorithms to create an interactive engaging system with a human. This study investigated the impact of excessive video gaming on aggression and cognitive ability of video gamers; Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale and Video Game Survey were used to measure aggression, attention span and time span of video gamers respectively. The age of the sample ranged from 11-35 years old. The correlation, regression, t-test and ANOVA analysis were applied. The results of the study indicated that time-span is significantly positively correlated to aggression and negatively to cognitive ability. Timespan as an independent variable predicted 97% variance in aggression and cognitive ability. Video gaming and aggression are found high among males and cognitive ability among females. The study is applicable in careful designing of policy for advanced computerized technology in Universities and the world of work that addresses reduced aggression and increased cognitive ability.

    Paper ID: 10A14I

  • A NEW EXPRESS METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF THE THERMAL STATE OF POULTRY MEAT

    Anton Tokarev*, Veronika Lashkova, Diana Orlova, Tamara Kalyuzhnaya and Alexander Drozd (Department of Veterinary Sanitary Expertise, St. Petersburg State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, St. Petersburg, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.188

    Keywords: Thawed poultry meat; Meat adulteration; Muscle fibers; Defrosted poultry meat; Express inspection method.

    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to study the rapid method for identifying chilled and defrosted poultry meat. The essence of the express method is to study the basic structural elements of muscle fiber in native meat preparations, crushed between thin glass slices of the compressorium and stained with a mixture of dyes, which allows you to get results in the shortest time and at the lowest cost. From this research result using a simple express method, it is possible to reliably determine whether the meat was frozen. Thus, as a result of the study, it was found that this methodology is effective and has several advantages: quick lead times, low costs, the ability to conduct research not only in laboratories but also in places where products are sold.

    Paper ID: 10A14J

  • CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM OF SHAPING CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONAL SERVICE ROBOTS

    Elena Valeryevna Antipina*, Konstantin Sergeevich Ivshin (Department of Design, Udmurt State University, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.189

    Keywords: Robot engineering; Robotic design; Classification system for service robots; Robot design criteria; Robot characteristic design.

    Abstract
    This article discusses the shaping factors in the design of personal service robots. This study develops a classification system of shaping characteristics of personal service robots based on the system of shaping factors of entire design solutions. The systematization of functional, structural, technological, aesthetic, economic factors affecting the shaping of personal service robotics makes possible the selection of the main shaping characteristics and the development of a classifier to create a system for analyzing and scientific description of personal service robots. Relying on classical approaches to the design of a product, the characteristic "Form" uses the properties of the composition of three-dimensional objects related to geometry, volume, and visualization. The structural aspect interrelates structure, configuration, mechanics engineering, electronic engineering and software engineering. The materials aspect involves type, colour, texture, and fracture of the materials. The technology aspect refers to functional regarding the production of the service robot products.

    Paper ID: 10A14K

  • GROWTH PERFORMANCE, CARCASS QUALITY, AND ECONOMICS OF PRODUCTION OF JAPANESE QUAILS FED WITH POMEGRANATE PEEL POWDER

    Kareem Maulud Hamad (Animal Resource Department, Raparin University, KURDISTAN REGION OF IRAQ – RANYIA )
    Karwan Yaseen Kareem* (Animal Resource Department. College of Agriculture Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University, KURDISTAN REGION OF IRAQ –ERBIL )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.190

    Keywords: Quail carcass quality; Quail birds; Economic return; Sensory evaluation; Japanese bird; Bird food.

    Abstract
    Carcass quality and product performance are major determinants of profitability and sustainability of any poultry enterprise. This study was undertaken on Japanese quails to evaluate the possibility of the effect of pomegranate peel powder (PPP) on growth performance, carcass quality, sensory evaluation, and economic return. A total of ninety-day old Japanese quail were randomly and equally assigned to three treatments (n=30). The results showed that birds fed 1% and 1.5% PPP had higher (P<0.05) dressing, liver and heart percentage than control group. The birds fed with 1% PPP had the highest revenue and net return and also gave the least cost-benefit ratio. Results indicate that the addition of PPP had beneficial effect on carcass quality, health of bird and economical return.

    Paper ID: 10A14L

  • AN INVESTIGATION ON THE MALFUNCTIONING OF FUEL INJECTORS DUE TO CONTAMINATION OF WATER IN DIESEL FUEL

    Muhammad Ali Kaleem* (Department of Design and Manufacturing Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, PAKISTAN),
    Muhammad Zubair Alam (Superior University, Lahore, PAKISTAN),
    Shafique Ur Rehman (Department of Design and Manufacturing Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, PAKISTAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.191

    Keywords: Diesel fuel injectors; Fuel feedback volume; Diesel engines; Compression ignition engine; Injector feedback volume; Fuel injector malfunction.

    Abstract
    The operation of compression ignition engines is largely dependent upon a smooth supply of fuel from fuel injectors. Recently an increase in malfunctioning of fuel injectors in compression ignition engines of automobiles has been noticed. Statistics show that these failures are mainly attributed to the poor quality of diesel fuel available in local markets. A fundamental reason in this regard is the presence of extra water content in diesel fuel. The unwanted water content in diesel disturbs the performance of fuel injectors and renders them malfunctioning or pre-mature failure. Since modern electromagnetic fuel injectors are compact and enclosed assemblies, therefore, any observation in their internal mechanism is always difficult to measure. Most studies have been conducted to only approximate malfunctioning of fuel injectors with the help of simulations and corresponding results. Here, we have established an experimental setup using a 2KD engine of Toyota Hilux fitted with DENSO electromagnetic fuel injectors and onboard diagnostic equipment. The setup experimentally proves that fuel injectors malfunction due to high percentage of water in diesel fuel. This study will assist future equipment designers to optimize the design of fuel injectors so that the high percentage of water in diesel fuel may be catered for before production.

    Paper ID: 10A14M

  • AN INVESTIGATION ON THE MEDITATING ROLE OF MOTIVATION IN CONNECTING TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND EMPLOYEES COMMITMENT

    Muhammad Saqib Khan* (Department of Business Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, PK PAKISTAN),
    Siraj Ud Din (Department of Management Sciences, Khushal Khan Khattak University, Karak, KP, PAKISTAN),
    Muhammad Haroon Rehan (Department of Public Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, PAKISTAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.192

    Keywords: Transformational Leaderships; Employees' motivation; Employees' commitment; HEIs.

    Abstract
    On the leadership continuum, transformational leadership is widely recognized as the best style of leadership in shaping the employees, attitude, behavior, and commitment. Likewise, the motivation is considered as the best apparatus in enhancing the employees' commitment level. In this regard, this study is an effort to investigate the facilitating role of motivation in the connection between transformational leadership style and employees' commitment in the context of higher education institutions, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The results are supportive and helpful in providing significant information to the existing database of knowledge about transformational leadership, employees' motivation and commitment in higher educational context. In this connection, some recommendations are emerged from the results of present study to facilitate the policymakers and future researchers.

    Paper ID: 10A14N

  • MUNICIPAL SERVICES AND LAND RELATIONS: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVEMENT IN RURAL AREAS OF SVERDLOVSK REGION, RUSSIA

    Alena S. Nikitina* (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA),
    Aleksey V. Ruchkin(Ural State Agrarian University , Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA),
    Natalya N. Startseva (Ural State University of Railway Transport , Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA)
    Olga M. Trofimova, Natalya K. Shemetova, Nadezhda A. Yurchenko (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.193

    Keywords: Service assessment; Service monitoring; Citizen's satisfaction; Service infrastructure; Satisfaction survey; Service quality.

    Abstract
    The paper reveals the assessment of the municipal services quality in the field of land relations in rural areas. The Beloyarsk urban district of the Sverdlovsk region was chosen as a study region of typical representatives of the rural territory, which is characterized by a small population, a small budget, the predominance of the agricultural sector in the economy and the way of life of citizens. To fulfill the main purpose, the authors selected both a content analysis of the official websites of local authorities and official statistics, as well as a questionnaire survey of recipients of municipal services in order to verify official information. The practical significance lies in the fact that based on correlations between official data and the survey results, authors identified the key problems of municipal services in the field of land relations that are characteristic of rural territories and small settlements. The scientific novelty of the study is to identify the specifics of rural areas and small settlements when organizing the provision of municipal services.

    Paper ID: 10A14O

  • POLICY SOLUTIONS FOR INTEGRATION OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE OF MOBILE TELECOM OPERATORS' SITES

    Reza Talebi (Department of Technology Management, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rooden, IRAN),
    Abbas Khamseh*(Department of Industrial Management, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, IRAN),
    Mohammad Hasan Cheraghali (Technology Management Department, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.194

    Keywords: Infrastructure; Integration model; Technological model; Urban Landscape; Green energy; Policymaking; Save energy.

    Abstract
    Population growth, technology advancement, the reduction of global resources and other issues have led to policy-making at the macro level in order to save resources and develop global requirements for this purpose. In this regard, and in light of the expansion of technology that requires extensive infrastructure use, the common use of existing infrastructure is one of the ways to reduce resource consumption. Telecommunication infrastructure is one of the most important infrastructures that promote the development of the pre-revolutionary world and is the bedrock for the comprehensive development of related technologies. Therefore, in order to maintain resources, it is necessary to integrate the infrastructure for the development of these technologies while creating telecommunication infrastructure. Considering the importance of these two categories, we try to examine the impact of integration on issues such as energy, the beauty of the environment and the reduction of costs, and for this purpose, using a questionnaire completed by the telecommunication industry and testing the relevant assumptions It integrates and works on it and provides solutions for telecommunications infrastructure policy.

    Paper ID: 10A14O


  • Other issues:
    Vol.9(2018)
    Vol.10(1)(2019)
    Vol.10(2)(2019)
    Vol.10(3)(2019)
    Vol.10(4)(2019)
    Vol.10(5)(2019)
    Vol.10(6)(2019)
    Vol.10(7)(2019)
    Vol.10(8)(2019)
    Vol.10(9)(2019)
    Vol.10(10)(2019)
    Vol.10(11)(2019)
    Vol.10(12)(2019)
    Vol.10(13)(2019)
    Archives




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