Transaction Journal
of Engineering,
Applied Sciences &

:: International
Editorial Board:


Vol.8(2) (2017)


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642


  • Behaviors of Concrete Beam to Column Connections under Static Load Using Finite Element Method
  • Atthaphon Atichat, Sayan Sirimontree*, Boonsap Witchayangkoon (Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, THAILAND

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2017.6

    Keywords: ABAQUS; Beam-Column Joint; Reinforce concrete; Structural stiffness; Structural ductility .

    Analysis behavior of beam-column joints in the building construction prefabrication can be test in laboratory. But testing process still takes time and high cost. So there are other ways to analyzed one of them is Finite element method. This paper will study behavior of beam-column joints by Finite element method. Modeling using ABAQUS software packages. Simulate will compare with experimental studies. Result were analyzed by finite element found that Load-Displacement relationship are close to experiment. But nonlinear points are slightly different. Maximum load of beam-column joints is not different that compares with experiment. This work may be useful reference for analyzing reinforce concrete or other composites by finite element method.

  • The Traditional Courtyard Architectural Components of Eclectic Style Shophouses, George Town, Penang
  • Akram Zwain*, and Azizi Bahauddin (School of Housing, Building & Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, MALAYSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2017.7

    Keywords: traditional architecture; courtyard houses; cultural heritage; architectural components.

    Shophouses started to be built in Penang 200 years ago. This unique type of structure clearly shows the influences of Chinese, Malay, Indian and European styles; matured and merged together in response to the local environment. From the Chinese influence the courtyard was introduced. The courtyard is an essential typological element in a shophouse. In George Town, the traditional courtyard houses have characteristics that are suitable for the local region. However, most traditional shophouses faced alterations and deterioration and becomes a major concern in Penang. In addition, there has been a tendency proven since over thirty years ago to excessively replacing the traditional courtyard houses with multi-storey buildings. All of these have seriously affected the cultural continuity of the traditional shophouses form. This paper employed the qualitative research approach that obtained data from the observation and secondary sources to understand the design of the traditional courtyard architectural components of shophouses. The findings demonstrated the spatial organisation, ornamentation, courtyards are some of the major components in the characteristics of a shophouse. The architectural splendours and the preservation of the cultural heritage are vital for the appreciation by the wider public. More importantly, it is seriously needed care as George Town has recently been in 2008 added to the UNESCO World Heritage Cities list. A strong focus on promoting the traditional courtyard architecture ensures a strong appreciation of its existence.

  • The Green Building Index Rating Tool: Influence of Building Facade on Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Performance
  • Abdul Samad M.H * (School of Housing, Building & Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, MALAYSIA ) and Abdul Tharim A.H (Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Mara (Perak), MALAYSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2017.8

    Keywords: traditional architecture; courtyard houses; cultural heritage; architectural components.

    In a developed nation, buildings accounts for nearly half of overall energy consumption in both residential and commercial sectors. Green rating tools have become a key instrument to alleviate energy shortage, mitigate the effects of global warming and improve the indoor environmental conditions. This paper is based on a research on Green Building Index (GBI) as a pioneer rating tool used in Malaysia. The research investigates the effectiveness of the facade adopted in GBI rated office buildings as the interface of the ambient climate to the Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ). Results of this study shows that most of the IEQ parameters fulfil the criteria stated in GBI Non Residential New Construction (NRNC) Tools standard although the envelop of the building consist of various types of facade. However, the performances on the Indoor Air Velocity parameter are slightly below the average requirement stipulated by the GBI Malaysia.

  • Industrial Housing Products Design Plans’ Fuzzy Synthesis Decision Based on Customers' Fine Needs
  • Xin Sun * (School of Art and Design, Xi’an University of Technology, CHINA), Xiaomin Ji, and Gang Hu (School of Mechanical and Precision Instrument Engineering, Xi’an University of Technology, CHINA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2017.9

    Keywords:Customer’s needs; home product; internal cabinet; weight matrix; fuzzy evaluation.

    Different customers have different emphasis on housing products due to their differences in lifestyle. It is of great significance to design and optimize the housing products to meet the needs of specific customers. This article first subdivided the customer groups, refined and decomposed the aggregate needs and behavior habits of a subgroup, then put forward the concept of customer’s need element for each requirement. Taking the internal cabinet products in the industrial housing products as an example, it established the customer’s need meta-analysis model and the need weight matrix to determine the focus of product design. And then, the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was used to evaluate the optimal design scheme. The research shows that this method can also be applied to the related fields such as residential design and furniture product design, which has certain reference significance for the design and optimization of industrial residences and related products.

  • Impact on the Islamic City of Tunisia with the Coming of the European System of Urban Regulation
  • Hamza ZEGHLACHE * (Department of Architecture and Earth Science, Institute of Architecture, Laboratory of Mediterranean Architecture, University of SETIF1, ALGERIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2017.10

    Keywords: Traditional architecture; Colonialism; French city design; Dynamic synthesis urbanism.

    This review paper is an attempt to grasp the cultural conception of the Medina of Tunis, Tunisia (the Islamic city) and the traditional urban regulations by a study of classical religious and architectural treatises of Islam. The Medina is a space closed to the world outside, emphasising the life within. The Medina's fundamental features (single principal gateway, ramparts) were the expression of a single quality and order of things, a characteristic of the traditional ideology. This one is based on a homology in which ritual, space, language, person, and object come to be a single order of an integral whole; characterized by the interrelationship of worldly elements, of natural and supernatural orders in which the Medina was embedded and by which men attempted to attain social and cosmic order. Deviating from this synchronic understanding of the traditional conception of the Medina, this paper will next focus on the impact of non-Islamic urban regulations resulting from the diachronic process of colonial domination as represented in particular by the nineteenth century, French city design. This impact is viewed, in this paper, as a radical alteration of the face of the Medina in so far the essential feature of this design as the "opening up" of the Medina, for it erected a exposed-open plaza where once stood the singular gateway, and connected this one, a symbol of openness, by a network of broad avenues, with every corner of the city. This process is seen as a dynamic synthesis emerging out of an antithetical ideological and spatial dialogue in which alone the city and its citizenry must survive.

  • Impact of Courtyard and Narrow Streets on Thermal Comfort of Traditional Buildings in Mukalla City
  • Rasha Saeed Baangood * and Ahmad Sanusi Hassan (School of Housing, Building & Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, MALAYSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2017.11

    Keywords: Courtyard houses, Natural ventilation, Urban layout, Air temperature, shading.

    The traditional buildings, especially in Mukalla city used local materials that characterized with thermal comfort and natural ventilation, while the urban layout has a compact layout with dense buildings that provides shade. This study is conducted to identify the advantage of using a courtyard with narrow streets in urban layout and its impact to thermal comfort to the traditional buildings. The study applied ECOTECT® and DesignBuilder® as simulation software at several building orientations and onsite experiment using anemometer to measure the air temperature of the building, courtyard and narrow street. This aimed to produce the proper orientation, which explains that the courtyard has more effects than narrow street as a result of its shading percentage. The study found that narrow street and outside courtyard are able to provide lower air temperature due to good shading percentage. However, they give small changes in natural ventilation. But it is important to increase the wind velocity make breezing way for it between courtyard and narrow street.



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