International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642


Vol.12(12) (2021)

  • Monetary and Fiscal Policy Shocks on the Stock Market Performance in the United States: Evidence from the SVAR Framework

    Aref Emamian, Nur Syazwani Mazlan(School of Business and Economics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA).

    Disciplinary: Financial Economics.

    ➤ FullText

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2021.237

    Keywords: SVAR; Monetary policy; Stock market price; Firm market valuel; LM test; Fiscal policy; US stock market; Economic growth; Accumulated impulse response; REXCH; RGDP; GDP shock; Stock market performance.

    Evidence from studies of monetary and fiscal policy shocks on the stock market is still arguable not only for researchers but also for central banks and governments. In addition, the interaction between the two policies is very crucial; however, very few studies are available on this topic. In this regard, we examined the impact of monetary and fiscal policies shock on the stock market in the United States by utilising the annual data of the U.S. economy from the Federal Reserve, World Bank, and International Monetary Fund from 1980 until 2018. More specifically, we used the Structural Vector Autoregression (SVAR) framework to examine the dynamic relationship between fiscal and monetary policies and the stock market performance. Our results confirm that the interaction between both policies is crucial in understanding the stock market movements and both policies have a direct impact on the U.S. stock market. In the interpretation of stock market performance, the incorporation of the fiscal policy parameter does not add any significant values, suggesting that there is no significant difference when fiscal policy is removed from the model.

    Paper ID: 12A12F

    Cite this article:

    Emamian, A., Mazlan, N. S. (2021). Monetary and Fiscal Policy Shocks on the Stock Market Performance in the United States: Evidence from the SVAR Framework. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 12(12), 12A12F, 1-13.


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