:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies
FEATURE PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLE
Tchappi Xaviera Fomo, Tatyana Semenovna Kataeva, Sergey Nikolaevich Zabashta, Gennady Semenovich Itin (Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, RUSSIA),
Sergey Nikolaevich Povetkin, Anastasiya Alexandrovna Blinova, Olga Alexandrovna Baklanova (North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, RUSSIA),
Alexander Nikolaevich Simonov ( Stavropol State Agrarian University, Stavropol, RUSSIA),
Mariya Sergeevna Lopteva (North Caucasus Federal Agrarian Research Centre, Mikhaylovsk, RUSSIA),
Ahmad Allam Siddiqui (SEGi University & Colleges, Jalan Teknologi, Kota Damansara, Selangor, MALAYSIA).
Disciplinary: Veterinary Medicine, Zoology, Biotechnology.
Keywords: Birds disease; Brama; Orpington; Dimexide; Ectoparasites; Mites; Knemidocoptosis; leg disease; Birch tar; Chicken diseases treatment; Ectoparasite; Chicken diseases symptoms and cure; Chicken foot disease.
The article studies ectoparasitic contamination in three bird species (Kuropatchatayabrama, silver Orpington, and blue Orpington) of different ages from one to two years old and the effectiveness of the external application of birch tar 40?C with dimexide 20% for the treatment of knemidocoptosis of legs in chickens on peasant farms in Krasnodar city. Our research revealed the first time in Russian that all three species were contaminated by an association of ectoparasites (Knemidocoptesmutans + Knemidocoptesgallinae), localized in the chickens' legs. We publish the species composition of the mite association, infestation of the birds by knemidocoptes. Of 130 birds on the farm, 60 were contaminated. Clinical signs observed in the affected birds include hyperkeratosis with whitish film on the shank and hock region of their legs. Focal areas of sloughing of the skin with oozing of blood were also observed on the back and on the legs. After the first treatment course, the number of the infected birds diminished to 26, and the number of ectoparasites decreased significantly. After the second course, no infected birds were found. It was established that two applications of birch tar with dimexide cure an association of legs knemidocoptes mites in domestic chickens.
Paper ID: 12A7F
Cite this article:
Fomo, T.X, Kataeva, T.S., Zabashta, S.N., Itin, G.S., Povetkin, S.N., Blinova, A.A., Baklanova, O.A., Simonov, A.N., Lopteva, M.S., Siddiqui, A. A. (2021). An Environmentally Safe Method for Knemidocoptosis Treatment of Peasant Farm Chickens in the Krasnodar City of Russia. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 12(7), 12A7F, 1-10. http://doi.org/10.14456/ITJEMAST.2021.132