International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642



  • Effect of Angle Orientation and Fibre Hybridization on Impact Behaviour of Glass, Basalt and Arenga Pinnata Composites

    Napisah Sapiai (School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, MALAYSIA),
    Aidah Jumahat ( School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, MALAYSIA),
    (Institute for Infrastructure Engineering Sustainable and Management (IIESM), Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, MALAYSIA),
    Nor Ain Shamshulizam (School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, MALAYSIA),
    Mochamad Chalid (Department of Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kampus Baru UI, Universitas Indonesia (UI), Depok 1642, INDONESIA).

    Discipline: Mechanical Engineering.

    ➤ FullText

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.270

    Keywords:Low-velocity Impact; Natural fibre; Arenga Pinnata; Fibres orientation; Hybrid Composites

    Natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites have been developed to reduce dependencies on petroleum-based fuels in replacing the usage of synthetic fibre-reinforced polymer composites. Therefore, in this work, the use of mineral-based (basalt fibres) and plant-based (Arenga Pinnata fibres) to fabricate FRP composites was studied. Twelve composites, including glass fibre-reinforced polymer composites, were manufactured using the vacuum bagging technique at 0° and 45° fibres orientations. The effects of orientation and type of FRP composites on the impact resistance behaviour and damage modes were evaluated according to ASTM 7136 standard. The impact properties of the FRP composites were variably affected by the fibre orientation angle. For an instant, the UDB45 and UDG45 had almost similar energy absorbed and impact energy values, which were 32.7J and 267 kJ/m2, respectively. However, for the Arenga Pinnata FRP composites, 45o orientation (UDAP45) presented the lowest impact strength which was 81.16% and 77.93% lower than UDAP45 and WAP, respectively. Microstructure observation showed that the crack started from the middle of the impacted area and propagated along with fibres direction for all types of FRP composites.

    Paper ID: 13A13R

    Cite this article:

    Sapiai, N., Jumahat, A., Shamshulizam N.A. and Chalid, M. (2022). Effect of Angle Orientation and Fibre Hybridization on Impact Behaviour of Glass, Basalt and Arenga Pinnata Composites. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 13(13), 13A13R, 1-13. http://TUENGR.COM/V13/13A13R.pdf DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.270


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