International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

Archives

TuEngr+Logo
:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

http://TuEngr.com



ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642
CODEN: ITJEA8


FEATURE PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLE

Vol.13(3) (2022)

  • COVID-19 and Global Education: Experiences of Pakistani International Students

    Samra maqbool , Hafiz Muhammad Ihsan Zafeer , Li Yanping , Wei Zhao (School of Education- Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, P.R. China).

    Disciplinary: International Higher Education.

    ➤ FullText

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.44

    Keywords: COVID-19; Higher Education; Challenges and Experience; Pakistani Students; China HEI; Chinese government scholarship; International studentís stress; Psychological stress; Challenge situation; Student financial hardship.

    Abstract
    The fragmentary COVID-19 pandemic has affected education globally. It changed the entire education system. This study focused on the experiences and challenges of Pakistani international students' that are getting higher education in China. They went back in late 2019 and early 2020 and were not allowed to come back. A qualitative method was used and interviewed in-depth by ten participants to disclose a combination of pre-departure, during departure, E-learning from Pakistan, financial challenges, and hopes about their uncertain future of higher education. Based on findings, conclusions are made that the Government of Pakistan should take steps immediately, need to provide infrastructure to continue their studies online, create jobs opportunity for them to tackle financial crises until they get back. Additionally, the Chinese Government needs to reconsider releasing the monthly stipend to students who continue their studies online. Executing these measures could have a positive impression on students' life, education and future.

    Paper ID: 13A3B

    Cite this article:

    Maqbool, S, Zafeer, H.M.I., Yanping L., Zhao W. (2022). COVID-19 and Global Education: Experiences of Pakistani International Students. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 13(3), 13A3B, 1-11. http://TUENGR.COM/V13/13A3B.pdf DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.44

References

  1. Akram, H., Kamran, M., & Ahmad, N. (2020). An Examination of the Encountered Challenges of Pakistani International Students in China: A Case Study of First-Year Students. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS) , 40(4).
  2. Amann, W., & Tripathi, S. (2020). Higher Education Management: Leading with Ethics and Transparency: Walnut Publication.
  3. Bank, W. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic: Shocks to education and policy responses. In: World Bank.
  4. Batra, P. (2019). Comparative education in South Asia: Contribution, contestation, and possibilities. In Comparative and international education: Survey of an infinite field: Emerald Publishing Limited.
  5. Bol, T. (2020). Inequality in homeschooling during the Corona crisis in the Netherlands. First results from the LISS Panel.
  6. Chinazzi, M., Davis, J. T., Ajelli, M., Gioannini, C., Litvinova, M., Merler, S., . . . Sun, K. (2020). The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Science, 368(6489), 395-400. DOI: 10.1126/science.aba9757
  7. Daramola, A. Y., Oni, O. T., Ogundele, O., & Adesanya, A. (2016). Adaptive capacity and coping response strategies to natural disasters: a study in Nigeria. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 15, 132-147. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.01.007
  8. Engel, L. C., Rutkowski, D., & Thompson, G. (2019). Toward an international measure of global competence? A critical look at the PISA 2018 framework. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 17(2), 117-131. DOI: 10.1080/14767724.2019.1642183
  9. Farid, S., Ahmad, R., Niaz, I. A., Arif, M., Shamshirband, S., & Khattak, M. D. (2015). Identification and prioritization of critical issues for the promotion of e-learning in Pakistan. Computers in Human Behavior, 51, 161-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.04.037
  10. Ghesquiere, P., Maes, B., & Vandenberghe, R. (2004). The usefulness of qualitative case studies in research on special needs education. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 51(2), 171-184. DOI: 10.1080/10349120410001687382
  11. Gide, E., Wu, M., & Wang, X. (2010). The influence of internationalisation of higher education: A China's study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 5675-5681.
  12. Guo, E., & Zhang, F. (2020). From Offline to Online: The Reduced Embodiment in Teacher-Initiated Turn-Taking in GSL Instructions. In Learning Technologies and Systems (pp. 357-369): Springer.
  13. Guruz, K. (2011). Higher education and international student mobility in the global knowledge economy: Revised and updated second edition: Suny Press.
  14. Hasan, M., Mahi, M., Sarker, T., & Amin, M. (2021). Spillovers of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact on Global Economic Activity, the Stock Market, and the Energy Sector. Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 14(5), 200. DOI: 10.3390/jrfm14050200
  15. He, F., Deng, Y., & Li, W. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019: What we know? Journal of medical virology, 92(7), 719-725. DOI: 10.1002/jmv.25766
  16. Hodzi, O. (2020). Bridging the asymmetries? African students' mobility to China. Asian Ethnicity, 21(4), 566-584.
  17. Jiani, M. (2017). Why and how international students choose Mainland China as a higher education study abroad destination. Higher Education, 74(4), 563-579. DOI: 10.1007/s10734-016-0066-0
  18. Khan, N., Naushad, M., Fahad, S., Faisal, S., & Muhammad, A. (2020). Covid-2019 and world economy. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3566632
  19. Kolb, A. Y., & Kolb, D. A. (2005). Learning styles and learning spaces: Enhancing experiential learning in higher education. Academy of management learning & education, 4(2), 193-212. DOI: 10.5465/amle.2005.17268566
  20. Latief, R., & Lefen, L. (2018). Analysis of Chinese government scholarship for international students using analytical hierarchy process (AHP). Sustainability, 10(7), 2112. DOI: 10.3390/su10072112
  21. Malik, A. R. (2018). The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC): a game changer for Pakistan's economy. In China's Global Rebalancing and the New Silk Road (pp. 69-83): Springer.
  22. Marginson, S. (2020). The relentless price of high individualism in the pandemic. Higher Education Research & Development, 39(7), 1392-1395.
  23. Outhwaite, L. (2020). Inequalities in resources in the home learning environment.
  24. Ozili, P. K., & Arun, T. (2020). Spillover of COVID-19: impact on the Global Economy. Available at SSRN 3562570. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3562570.
  25. Spencer-Oatey, H., Dauber, D., Jing, J., & Lifei, W. (2017). Chinese students' social integration into the university community: hearing the students' voices. Higher Education, 74(5), 739-756.
  26. Tamrat, W. (2021). Enduring the impacts of COVID-19: experiences of the private higher education sector in Ethiopia. Studies in Higher Education, 46(1), 59-74.
  27. Wang, Q., & Han, X. (2021). Spillover effects of the United States economic slowdown induced by COVID-19 pandemic on energy, economy, and environment in other countries. Environmental Research, 196, 110936. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.110936
  28. Wen, W., Hu, D., & Hao, J. (2018). International students' experiences in China: Does the planned reverse mobility work? International Journal of Educational Development, 61, 204-212. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.03.004
  29. Yang, P. (2022). China in the global field of international student mobility: An analysis of economic, human and symbolic capitals. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 52(2), 308-326. DOI: 10.1080/03057925.2020.1764334
  30. Yang, P., Baildon, M., & Sim, J. B.-Y. (2020). Educational mobility and citizenship: Chinese "foreign talent" students in Singapore and Indian medical students in China. The Palgrave Handbook of Citizenship and Education, 633-647.
  31. Yang, R. (2002). Third Delight. The Internationalisation of Chinese Universities. In: London: Routledge.
  32. Yin, R. K. (2009). How to do better case studies. The SAGE handbook of applied social research methods, 2, 254-282.
  33. Zhang, W., Wang, Y., Yang, L., & Wang, C. (2020). Suspending classes without stopping learning: China's education emergency management policy in the COVID-19 outbreak. Multidisciplinary digital publishing institute.
  34. Zhu, X., & Liu, J. (2020). Education in and after Covid-19: Immediate responses and long-term visions. Postdigital Science and Education, 2(3), 695-699. DOI: 10.1007/s42438-020-00126-3


Other issues:
Vol.13(3)(2022)
Vol.13(2)(2022)
Vol.13(1)(2022)
Archives




Call-for-Papers

Call-for-Scientific Papers
Call-for-Research Papers:
ITJEMAST invites you to submit high quality papers for full peer-review and possible publication in areas pertaining engineering, science, management and technology, especially interdisciplinary/cross-disciplinary/multidisciplinary subjects.

To publish your work in the next available issue, your manuscripts together with copyright transfer document signed by all authors can be submitted via email to Editor @ TuEngr.com (no space between). (please see all detail from Instructions for Authors)


Publication and peer-reviewed process:
After the peer-review process (4-10 weeks), articles will be on-line published in the available next issue. However, the International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies cannot guarantee the exact publication time as the process may take longer time, subject to peer-review approval and adjustment of the submitted articles.