International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642



  • The Role of Built Heritage in Sustainable Rural Development: A Key Factor in Spatial Planning of Rural Areas

    Preeti Nair, Devendra Pratap Singh (Amity School of Architecture and Planning, Amity University, Noida, INDIA),
    Navneet Munoth (Department of Architecture and Planning, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, INDIA).

    Disciplinary: Building Architecture & Town Planning, Settlement Study; Heritage Management, Sustainable Rural Development, GIS.

    ➤ FullText

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.66

    Keywords: Rural Heritage, Vernacular architecture, Community Participation, Human Perception, Settlement pattern.

    This research paper's main objective is to present the current status of the residential Built settlement in the rural areas of the Chettinad region in Tamil Nadu, a state rich in heritage, religious, and cultural aspects in India. The research paper also correlates the traces of human life (socio-cultural and economic) and communities' perception of built heritage in Rural areas. For this purpose, studies have been conducted on two of its villages which have been recommended as heritage villages by the state government in UNESCO's tentative list. In this study, a mixed study approach is followed using both a visual survey and questionnaire survey as the study tools. The main objectives of this study were to determine the public reaction toward the conceptual framework to be designed for an ideal sustainable heritage-based village. Secondly, through the empirical and quantitative data analysis to capture the hurdles and identify the gaps that affect the resident's understanding and their perception of developing their villages. The paper also uses GIS as a software tool for a better understanding and cataloging of the built heritage in a holistic manner.

    Paper ID: 13A4C

    Cite this article:

    Nair, P., Singh, D. P. and Munoth, N. (2022). The Role of Built Heritage in Sustainable Rural Development: A Key Factor in Spatial Planning of Rural Areas. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 13(4), 13A4C, 1-10. http://TUENGR.COM/V13/13A4C.pdf DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.66


  1. Oostendorp A, Berlyne DE. Dimensions in the perception of architecture: I. Identification and interpretation of dimensions of similarity. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 1978 Sep;19(1):73-82.
  2. U. Ter, K. Ozcan, and S. Eryigit, "Cultural Heritage Conservation in Traditional Environments: Case of Mustafapasa (Sinasos), Turkey," Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 140, pp. 138-144, 2014.
  3. I. S. M. Radzuan, Y. Ahmad, R. Zainal, Z. Shamsudin, S. T. Wee, and S. Mohamed, "Conservation of a Cultural Heritage Incentives Programme in a Malay Village: Assessing Its Effectiveness," J. Herit. Manag., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 7-21, 2019, DOI: 10.1177/2455929619847363
  4. I. O. Ozlem Atalan, "Characteristics of Historic Areas and Buildings in the City of Usak and Recommendations for a Sustainable Conservation Area Approach Characteristics of Historic Areas and Buildings in the City of Usak and Recommendations for a Sustainable Conservation," pp. 8-10, 2017.
  5. A. Suprapti, A. B. Sardjono, I. Indriastjario, and E. E. Pandelaki, "The spatial concepts of cultural heritage village toward a tourism development; a case study of Kadilangu Demak Indonesia," J. Archit. Urban., vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 36-46, 2019, DOI: 10.3846/jau.2019.6057
  6. L. Wei, "Research on the localization method of protecting traditional village landscape: A case study on Tangyin," Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. - ISPRS Arch., vol. 40, no. 5W7, pp. 289-294, 2015, DOI: 10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W7-289-2015
  7. P. Courtney, G. Hill, and D. Roberts, "The role of natural heritage in rural development: An analysis of economic linkages in Scotland," J. Rural Stud., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 469-484, 2006.
  8. D. R. Kausar and Y. Nishikawa, "Heritage tourism in rural areas: Challenges for improving socio-economic impacts," Asia Pacific J. Tour. Res., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 195-213, 2010.
  9. P. Nair and U. Pradesh, "the Idealized Heritage Village?: Surveying the Public Perception for a Sustainable Development" Tech. vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 857-863, 2020.
  10. E. Iniyan, "Tourism in Tamilnadu: Role of Cultural/Heritage Sites in Tourist Satisfaction and Tourism Development," vol. 6959, o. 47, pp. 47-54, 2015.
  11. V. P. Panneerselvam, "The Concept of Environmental Engineering in the Realm of Heritage Architecture of Tamils in India," no. 11, pp. 72-79, 2016.
  12. A. B. S. Prakash and A. P. Sitha Mahalakshmi, "Traditional breathing spaces in built forms-Review and Comparison of courtyards in Athangudi village, Chettinad and Contemporary Context," Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., 9001, 361, 2008.
  13. M. S. Taher Tolou Del, B. Saleh Sedghpour, and S. Kamali Tabrizi, "The semantic conservation of architectural heritage: the missing values," Herit. Sci., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-13, 2020, DOI: 10.1186/s40494-020-00416-w
  14. G. Toz, Z. Duran, C. E. Faculty, M. Istanbul, V. Commission, and V. Wg, "Documentation and Analysis of Cultural Heritage By Photogrametric Methods and GIS: a Case Study," Civ. Eng., 1998.
  15. DK, Yogapriya, SS. Kumar. "Review of Application of Gis in Built Heritage Conservation," Int. J. Recent Trends Eng. Res., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 67-70, 2018, DOI: 10.23883/ijrter.2018.4317.gjkz6
  16. K. Rajangam and M. B. Rajani, "Applications of geospatial technology in the management of cultural heritage sites - potentials and challenges for the Indian region," Curr. Sci., vol. 113, no. 10, pp. 1948-1960, 2017, DOI: 10.18520/cs/v113/i10/1948-1960
  17. F. Petrescu, "The Use of Gis Technology in Cultural Heritage," XXI Int. CIPA Symp., no. October, p. 6, 2007, [Online]. Available:
  18. D. Aydin, E. Yaldiz, and S. B. Siramkaya, "Evaluation of domestic architecture via the context of sustainability: Cases from Konya city center," Archnet-IJAR, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 305-317, 2015, DOI: 10.26687/archnet-ijar.v9i1.528
  19. C. Bertolin and A. Loli, "Sustainable interventions in historic buildings: A developing decision-making tool," J. Cult. Herit., vol. 34, pp. 291-302, 2018, DOI: 10.1016/j.culher.2018.08.010
  20. M. Dhingra and S. Chattopadhyay, "Advancing smartness of traditional settlements-case analysis of Indian and Arab old cities," Int. J. Sustain. Built Environ., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 549-563, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsbe.2016.08.004
  21. D. A. Saad, A. Elyamani, M. Hassan, and S. Mourad, "A fund-allocation optimization framework for prioritizing historic structures conservation projects - An application to historic Cairo," Proceedings, Annu. Conf. - Can. Soc. Civ. Eng., June 2019.
  22. J. Qu, S. Cao, G. Li, Q. Niu, and Q. Feng, Conservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Kenya, vol. 26, no. 3-4. UCL Press, 2016.

Other issues:


Call-for-Scientific Papers
Call-for-Research Papers:
ITJEMAST invites you to submit high quality papers for full peer-review and possible publication in areas pertaining engineering, science, management and technology, especially interdisciplinary/cross-disciplinary/multidisciplinary subjects.

To publish your work in the next available issue, your manuscripts together with copyright transfer document signed by all authors can be submitted via email to Editor @ (please see all detail from Instructions for Authors)

Publication and peer-reviewed process:
After the peer-review process, articles will be on-line published in the available next issue. However, the International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies cannot guarantee the exact publication time as the process may take longer time, subject to peer-review approval and adjustment of the submitted articles.