International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642



  • School Travel Behavior Research Milestone (1979-2021): A Bibliometric Review Analysis

    Mukhlis Nahriri Bastam (Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, MALAYSIA),
    ( Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Bina Darma, INDONESIA),
    Muhamad Razuhanafi Mat Yazid, Muhamad Nazri Borhan (Smart and Sustainable Township Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, MALAYSIA).

    Disciplinary: Transportation Engineering (Modelling, Behavior).

    ➤ FullText

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.90

    Keywords: school travel; mode choice; bibliometric; science mapping

    The expansion of automobiles in the field of transport has fundamentally changed the travel patterns of mankind throughout the world. Disruption in the rhythm likewise impacts school travel, floating concerns of transportation, and child issues. This article aims to map and cluster current knowledge concerning school travel behavior topics by utilizing metadata from prior publications, using The Bibliometrix R-package instrument to perform bibliometric analysis on 513 metadata of scientific documents from Scopus and Web of Science databases between 1979 and 2021. The PRISMA criterion diagram is employed for the metadata searching and validating procedure. The study revealed a plethora of scientific documents and citations, particularly in the recent decade, and the countries from the western hemisphere continue to prime state-of-the-art research on this topic.

    Paper ID: 13A5F

    Cite this article:

    Bastam, M.N., Mat Yazid, M.R., and Borhan, M.N. (2022). School Travel Behavior Research Milestone (1979-2021): A Bibliometric Review Analysis. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 13(5), 13A5F, 1-18. http://TUENGR.COM/V13/13A5F.pdf DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.90


  1. Agyeman, S., & Cheng, L. (2020). Analysis of barriers to perceived service quality in Ghana: Students' perspectives on bus mobility attributes. Transport Policy, 99(May), 63-85. DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.08.015
  2. Aria, M., & Cuccurullo, C. (2017). bibliometrix: An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis. Journal of Informetrics, 11(4),959-975. DOI: 10.1016/j.joi.2017.08.007
  3. Baslington, H. (2010). Evaluating school travel initiatives and promoting "healthy travel" through PSHCE. Education 3-13, 38(2), 117-135. DOI: 10.1080/03004270903099850
  4. Buliung, R. N., Mitra, R., & Faulkner, G. (2009). Active school transportation in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada: An exploration of trends in space and time (1986-2006). Preventive Medicine, 48(6), 507-512. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.03.01
  5. Cooper, A. R., Andersen, L. B., Wedderkopp, N., Page, A. S., & Froberg, K. (2005). Physical activity levels of children who walk, cycle, or are driven to school. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 29(3), 179-184. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2005.05.009
  6. Cooper, A. R., Page, A. S., Foster, L. J., & Qahwaji, D. (2003). Commuting to school: Are children who walk more physically active? American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25(4), 273-276. DOI: 10.1016/S0749-3797(03)00205-8
  7. Distefano, N., Leonardi, S., & Pulvirenti, G. (2019). Home-school travel: Analysis of factors affecting italian parents' mode choice. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 7(3), 75-87. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2019.070302
  8. Ermagun, A., & Samimi, A. (2018). Mode choice and travel distance joint models in school trips. Transportation, 45(6), 1755-1781. DOI: 10.1007/s11116-017-9794-y
  9. Ewing, R., Schroeer, W., & Greene, W. (2004). School location and student travel: Analysis of factors affecting mode choice. Transportation Research Record, 1895, 55-63. DOI: 10.3141/1895-08
  10. Hao, J., Zhang, L., Ji, X., & Tang, J. (2020). Modeling and analyzing of family intention for the customized student routes: A case study in China. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, 542(C). DOI: DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2019.1233
  11. He, S. Y., & Giuliano, G. (2017). Factors affecting children's journeys to school: a joint escort-mode choice model. Transportation, 44(1), 199-224. DOI: 10.1007/s11116-015-9634-x
  12. He, S. Y., & Giuliano, G. (2018). School choice: understanding the trade-off between travel distance and school quality. Transportation, 45(5), 1475-1498. DOI: 10.1007/s11116-017-9773-3
  13. Hinckson, E. A., & Badland, H. M. (2011). School travel plans: Preliminary evidence for changing school-related travel patterns in elementary school children. American Journal of Health Promotion, 25(6), 368-371. DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.090706-ARB-217
  14. Hoelscher, D., Ory, M., Dowdy, D., Miao, J., Atteberry, H., Nichols, D., Evans, A., Menendez, T., Lee, C., & Wang, S. (2016). Effects of Funding Allocation for Safe Routes to School Programs on Active Commuting to School and Related Behavioral, Knowledge, and Psychosocial Outcomes: Results From the Texas Childhood Obesity Prevention Policy Evaluation (T-COPPE) Study. Environment and Behavior, 48(1), 210-229. DOI: 10.1177/0013916515613541
  15. Jing, P., Pan, K., Yuan, D., Jiang, C., Wang, W., Chen, Y., Shi, Y., & Xie, J. (2021). Using bibliometric analysis techniques to understand the recent progress in school travel research, 2001-2021. Journal of Transport and Health, 23. DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2021.101265
  16. Jing, P., You, Q., & Chen, L. (2018). Agent-based simulation of children's school travel mode with parental escort decisions. Information (Switzerland), 9(3). DOI: 10.3390/info9030050
  17. Johansson, K., Laflamme, L., & Hasselberg, M. (2012). Active commuting to and from school among Swedish children--a national and regional study. European Journal of Public Health, 22(2), 209-214. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckr042
  18. Johnston, B. D., Mendoza, J., Rafton, S., Gonzalez-Walker, D., & Levinger, D. (2006). Promoting physical activity and reducing child pedestrian risk: Early evaluation of a walking school bus program in central Seattle. Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, 60(6), 1388-1389. DOI: 10.1097/00005373-200606000-00051
  19. Kipping, R. R., Payne, C., & Lawlor, D. A. (2008). Randomised controlled trial adapting US school obesity prevention to England. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 93(6), 469-473. DOI: 10.1136/adc.2007.116970
  20. Levantis, S. (2010). A framework for evaluating safer routes to schools. Traffic Engineering and Control, 51(7), 267-270.
  21. Lin, J. J., & Chang, H. Te. (2010). Built environment effects on children's school travel in Taipai: Independence and travel mode. Urban Studies, 47(4), 867-889. DOI: 10.1177/0042098009351938
  22. Mackett, R. L. (2013). Children's travel behavior and its health implications. Transport Policy, 26, 66-72. DOI: DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.01.002
  23. McDonald, N. C. (2007). Active Transportation to School. Trends Among U.S. Schoolchildren, 1969-2001. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(6), 509-516. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.02.022
  24. McDonald, N. C. (2008). Children's mode choice for the school trip: The role of distance and school location in walking to school. Transportation, 35(1), 23-35. DOI: 10.1007/s11116-007-9135-7
  25. McDonald, N. C., Dwelley, A. E., Combs, T. S., Evenson, K. R., & Winters, R. H. (2011). Reliability and validity of the Safe Routes to school parent and student surveys. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-56
  26. McMillan, T. E. (2005). Urban Form and a Child's Trip to School: The Current Literature and a Framework for Future Research. Journal of Planning Literature, 19(4), 440-456. DOI: 10.1177/0885412204274173
  27. McMillan, T. E. (2007). The relative influence of urban form on a child's travel mode to school. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 41(1), 69-79. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2006.05.011
  28. Mehdizadeh, M., Nordfjaern, T., Mamdoohi, A. R., & Shariat Mohaymany, A. (2017). The role of parental risk judgements, transport safety attitudes, transport priorities and accident experiences on pupils' walking to school. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 102, 60-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2017.02.020
  29. Mendoza, J. A., Cowan, D., & Liu, Y. (2014). Predictors of children's active commuting to school: An observational evaluation in 5 U.S. communities. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11(4), 729-733. DOI: 10.1123/jpah.2012-0322
  30. Milne, S. (2009). Moving Into and Through the Public World: Children's Perspectives on their Encounters with Adults. Mobilities, 4(1), 103-118. DOI: 10.1080/17450100802657988
  31. Muller, S., Mejia-Dorantes, L., & Kersten, E. (2020). Analysis of active school transportation in hilly urban environments: A case study of Dresden. JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY, 88. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102872
  32. Nordfjaern, T., & Zavareh, M. F. (2017). Does the value-belief-norm theory predict acceptance of disincentives to driving and active mode choice preferences for children's school travels among Chinese parents? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 53, 31-39. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2017.06.005
  33. Panter, J. R., Jones, A. P., Van Sluijs, E. M. F., & Griffin, S. J. (2010). Attitudes, social support and environmental perceptions as predictors of active commuting behavior in school children. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(1), 41-48. DOI: 10.1136/jech.2009.086918
  34. Perez-Martin, P., Pedros, G., Martinez-Jimenez, P., & Varo-Martinez, M. (2018). Evaluation of a walking school bus service as an intervention for a modal shift at a primary school in Spain. TRANSPORT POLICY, 64, 1-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2018.01.005
  35. Pocock, T., Moore, A., Molina-Garcia, J., Queralt, A., & Mandic, S. (2020). School neighbourhood built environment assessment for adolescents' active transport to school: Modification of an environmental audit tool and protocol (MAPS global-SN). In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(7). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17072194
  36. Ramanathan, S., O'Brien, C., Faulkner, G., & Stone, M. (2014). Happiness in motion: Emotions, well-being, and active school travel. Journal of School Health, 84(8), 516-523. DOI: 10.1111/josh.12172
  37. Rigby, J. P. (1979). Review of Research on School Travel Patterns and Problems. TRRL Supplementary Report (Transport and Road Research Laboratory, Great Britain), 460.
  38. Rodriguez, N. M., Arce, A., Kawaguchi, A., Hua, J., Broderick, B., Winter, S. J., & King, A. C. (2019). Enhancing safe routes to school programs through community-engaged citizen science: Two pilot investigations in lower density areas of Santa Clara County, California, USA. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 1-11. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-6563-1
  39. Savoy, J. (2005). Bibliographic database access using free-text and controlled vocabulary?: an evaluation. Information Processing and Management, 41, 873-890. DOI: 10.1016/j.ipm.2004.01.004
  40. Schlossberg, M., Greene, J., Phillips, P. P., Johnson, B., & Parker, B. (2006). School trips: Effects of urban form and distance on travel mode. Journal of the American Planning Association, 72(3), 337-346. DOI: 10.1080/01944360608976755
  41. Sersli, S., Rothman, L., & Winters, M. (2019). Getting at Mode Share: Comparing 3 Methods of Travel Mode Measurement for School Travel Research. Journal of School Health, 89(5), 365-372. DOI: 10.1111/josh.12743
  42. Singh, N., & Vasudevan, V. (2018). Understanding school trip mode choice - The case of Kanpur (India). Journal of Transport Geography, 66(December 2017), 283-290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.12.007
  43. Spallek, M., Turner, C., Spinks, A., Bain, C., & McClure, R. (2006). Walking to school: Distribution by age, sex, and socio-economic status. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 17(2), 134-138. DOI: 10.1071/he06134
  44. Stewart, T., Duncan, S., Chaix, B., Kestens, Y., Schipperijn, J., & Schofield, G. (2015). A novel assessment of adolescent mobility: A pilot study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12(1). DOI: 10.1186/s12966-015-0176-6
  45. Tudor-Locke, C., Ainsworth, B. E., & Popkin, B. M. (2001). Active commuting to school: An overlooked source of childrens' physical activity? Sports Medicine, 31(5), 309-313. DOI: 10.2165/00007256-200131050-00001
  46. United Nations. (2016). World Economic Situation & Prospects: Report 2021.
  47. Wilson, K., Clark, A. F., & Gilliland, J. A. (2018). Understanding child and parent perceptions of barriers influencing children's active school travel. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 1053. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-018-5874-y
  48. Woods, C. B., & Nelson, N. M. (2014). An evaluation of distance estimation accuracy and its relationship to transport mode for the home-to-school journey by adolescents. Journal of Transport and Health, 1(4), 274-278. DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2014.07.001
  49. Xiong, H., Ma, L., Wei, C., Yan, X., Srinivasan, S., & Chen, J. (2019). Exploring Behavioral Heterogeneities of Elementary School Student's Commute Mode Choices Through the Urban Travel Big Data of Beijing, China. IEEE ACCESS, 7, 22235-22245. DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2897890
  50. Yan, Y., Burke, M., & Leung, A. (2019). Travel behavior differences between private and public-school students in South East Queensland. In Australasian Transport Research Forum, ATRF 2019 - Proceedings.
  51. Yarlagadda, A. K., & Srinivasan, S. (2008). Modeling children's school travel mode and parental escort decisions. Transportation, 35(2), 201-218. DOI: 10.1007/s11116-007-9144-6
  52. Zhang, R., Yao, E., & Liu, Z. (2017). School travel mode choice in Beijing, China. Journal of Transport Geography, 62(June), 98-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.06.001
  53. Zupic, I., & Cater, T. (2014). Bibliometric Methods in Management and Organization. Organizational Research Methods, 18(3), 429-472. DOI: 10.1177/1094428114562629
  54. Zavareh, M. F., Abolhasannejad, V., Mamdoohi, A. R., & Nordfjaern, T. (2020). Barriers to children's walking to school in Iranian and Chinese samples. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, 73, 399-414. DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2020.07.008

Other issues:


Call-for-Scientific Papers
Call-for-Research Papers:
ITJEMAST invites you to submit high quality papers for full peer-review and possible publication in areas pertaining engineering, science, management and technology, especially interdisciplinary/cross-disciplinary/multidisciplinary subjects.

To publish your work in the next available issue, your manuscripts together with copyright transfer document signed by all authors can be submitted via email to Editor @ (please see all detail from Instructions for Authors)

Publication and peer-reviewed process:
After the peer-review process, articles will be on-line published in the available next issue. However, the International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies cannot guarantee the exact publication time as the process may take longer time, subject to peer-review approval and adjustment of the submitted articles.