International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642



  • The Relationship between Physical Self-Concept and the Job Satisfaction among the Physiotherapists in Saudi Arabia

    Ahmad Hassan Sultan Hakamy, Yahya Abdu Kulaybi (King Fahad Central Hospital, Jazan, SAUDI ARABIA),
    Mohamed Mohamed Ibrahim Salem (Umm Al-Qura University, Mekka, SAUDI ARABIA),
    Amr Ahmad Fallatah (East Jeddah Hospital, Jeddah, SAUDI ARABIA),
    Majed Abdulrahman Alghamdi (Comprehensive Rehabilitation Center, Jeddah, SAUDI ARABIA).

    Disciplinary: Psychology, Management.

    ➤ FullText

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.102

    Keywords: Job satisfaction; Physical self-concept; Physiotherapist; Job stress; Physiotherapy; Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP); Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire (MSQ).

    Work satisfaction can be seen as a proxy for emotional or physiological health as physiotherapists (PTs) were facing high levels of occupational stress which are associated with excessive exertion that physiotherapists endure in their daily work. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Physical Self-Concept with the job satisfaction among physiotherapists working in Saudi Arabia. The convenient, descriptive-correlation type of study design was used. Online questionnaires Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) and the short form of the Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire (MSQ) were conducted through Google Form. The responses were organized in Excel and analyzed using SPSS. Demographic data (gender, age, last educational degree, total working experience, the region in which they work, and duration of working on the current job) were descriptively summarized and analyzed. Surveying 189 PTs were about their level of PSPP score (M= 65.05 and SD= 16.4) and their MSQ score (M= 69.3 and SD= 14.7). The relationship was positive, weak in strength, and statistically significant (r = 0.34, Sig < 0.05). There was a highly significant relationship between physiotherapists' physical self-concept and job satisfaction. And their job satisfaction was raised as their PSC raised moreover both male and female physiotherapists' job satisfaction was influenced by their physical self-concept.

    Paper ID: 13A5R

    Cite this article:

    Hakamy, A.H.S., Kulaybi, Y.A., Salem, M.M.I., Fallatah, A.A., Alghamdi, M.A. (2022). The Relationship between Physical Self-Concept and the Job Satisfaction among the Physiotherapists in Saudi Arabia. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 13(5), 13A5R, 1-10. http://TUENGR.COM/V13/13A5R.pdf DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.102


  1. Aazami, S., Shamsuddin, K., Akmal, S., & Azami, G. (2015). The relationship between job satisfaction and psychological/physical health among Malaysian working women. The Malaysian journal of medical sciences: MJMS, 22(4), 40.
  2. Al Maghraby, M. A., & Alshami, A. M. (2013). Learning style and teaching method preferences of Saudi students of physical therapy. Journal of family & community medicine, 20(3), 192.
  3. Alderfer, C. P. (1972). Existence, relatedness, and growth: Human needs in organizational settings. New York: Free Press.
  4. Alghahtani, A.; Barhameen, A.; AbuAbat, A. (2007). Saudi Strategic Plan for Rehabilitation Services; Saudi Ministry of Health: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,pp. 54-55.
  5. Bakotic, D. (2016). Relationship between job satisfaction and organisational performance. Economic research-Ekonomska istrazivanja, 29(1), 118-130.
  6. Bhatnagar, K., & Srivastava, K. (2012). Job satisfaction in health-care organizations. Industrial psychiatry journal, 21(1), 75.
  7. Bowron, J. S., & Todd, K. H. (1999). Job stressors and job satisfaction in a major metropolitan public EMS service. Prehospital and disaster medicine, 14(4), 32-35.
  8. Campo, M., & Darragh, A. R. (2010). Impact of work-related pain on physical therapists and occupational therapists. Physical therapy, 90(6), 905-920.
  9. Campo, M., Weiser, S., Koenig, K. L., & Nordin, M. (2008). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in physical therapists: a prospective cohort study with 1-year follow-up. Physical therapy, 88(5), 608-619.
  10. Campo, M. A., Weiser, S., & Koenig, K. L. (2009). Job strain in physical therapists. Physical therapy, 89(9), 946-956.
  11. Chomitz, V. R., Slining, M. M., McGowan, R. J., Mitchell, S. E., Dawson, G. F., & Hacker, K. A. (2009). Is there a relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement? Positive results from public school children in the northeastern United States. Journal of School Health, 79(1), 30-37.
  12. Craven, R. G., & Marsh, H. W. (2008). The centrality of the self-concept construct for psychological wellbeing and unlocking human potential: Implications for child and educational psychologists. Educational and Child Psychology, 25(2), 104-118.
  13. Cromie, J. E., Robertson, V. J., & Best, M. O. (2000). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in physical therapists: prevalence, severity, risks, and responses. Physical therapy, 80(4), 336-351.
  14. De Jonge, J., Bosma, H., Peter, R., & Siegrist, J. (2000). Job strain, effort-reward imbalance and employee well-being: a large-scale cross-sectional study. Social science & medicine, 50(9), 1317-1327.
  15. Dormann, C., & Zapf, D. (2001). Job satisfaction: A meta?analysis of stabilities. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22(5), 483-504.
  16. Fahim T, Saharan AK, Mahajan R (2020). The relationship of physical self-concept with competition anxiety of young wrestlers. Int J Health Sci Res, 10(6):46-51.
  17. Ferla, J., Valcke, M., & Cai, Y. (2009). Academic self-efficacy and academic self-concept: Reconsidering structural relationships. Learning and individual differences, 19(4), 499-505.
  18. Fox, K. R., & Corbin, C. B. (1989). The physical self-perception profile: Devlopment and preliminary validation. Journal of sport and Exercise Psychology, 11(4), 408-430.
  19. Gautam, M., Mandal, K., & Dalal, R. S. (2006). Job satisfaction of faculty members of veterinary sciences: an analysis. Age, 36(5.91), 0-92.
  20. Andreas, G. W. J., Wernstedt, P., & Campo, M. (2011). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in female Swedish physical therapists with more than 15 years of job experience: prevalence and associations with work exposures. Physiotherapy theory and practice, 27(3), 213-222.
  21. Harris, L. M., Cumming, S. R., & Campbell, A. J. (2006). Stress and psychological well-being among allied health professionals. Journal of allied health, 35(4), 198-207.
  22. Hart, E. A., Leary, M. R., & Rejeski, W. J. (1989). Tie measurement of social physique anxiety. Journal of Sport and exercise Psychology, 11(1), 94-104.
  23. Huby, G., Gerry, M., McKinstry, B., Porter, M., Shaw, J., & Wrate, R. (2002). Morale among general practitioners: qualitative study exploring relations between partnership arrangements, personal style, and workload. Bmj, 325(7356), 140.
  24. Hudon, A., Drolet, M. J., & Williams-Jones, B. (2015). Ethical issues raised by private practice physiotherapy are more diverse than first meets the eye: recommendations from a literature review. Physiotherapy Canada, 67(2), 124-132.
  25. Karasek Jr, R. A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative science quarterly, 285-308
  26. Kelly, L.H. (2004). The relationship between physical self-concept, body image dissatisfaction and competitive anxiety in female "Aesthetic" and "non-aesthetic" collegiate athletic. MA Dissertation in educational psychology and learning systems, United states: Florida State University.
  27. Kulju, K., Suhonen, R., & Leino-Kilpi, H. (2013). Ethical problems and moral sensitivity in physiotherapy: a descriptive study. Nursing Ethics, 20(5), 568-577.
  28. Marsh, H. W., & Shavelson, R. (1985). Self-concept: Its multifaceted, hierarchical structure. Educational psychologist, 20(3), 107-123.
  29. Marsh, H. W., Martin, A. J., & Jackson, S. (2010). Introducing a short version of the physical self-description questionnaire: new strategies, short-form evaluative criteria, and applications of factor analyses. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32(4), 438-482.
  30. Poulis I. (2007). Bioethics and physiotherapy. J Med Ethics, 33, 435-436.
  31. Schermerhorn, JR. (2010). Organizational Behavior. 11th Ed., New York: Wiley, 672p.
  32. Shavelson, R. J., Hubner, J. J., & Stanton, G. C. (1976). Self-concept: Validation of construct interpretations. Review of educational research, 46(3), 407-441.
  33. Sliwinski, Z., Starczynska, M., Kotela, I., Kowalski, T., Krys-Noszczyk, K., Lietz-Kijak, D., & Makara-Studzinska, M. (2014). Burnout among physiotherapists and length of service. International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health, 27(2), 224-235.
  34. Speakman, H. G., Pleasant, J. M., & Sutton, G. B. (1996). The job satisfaction of physical therapists. Physiotherapy Research International, 1(4), 247-254.
  35. Tabiee, S., Vagharseyyedin, S. A., Salmani-Mud, M., & Hosseini, M. (2018). Relationship of physical self-concept and athletic performance in male medical students in Birjand University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences, 25(01).
  36. Takeuchi R, O'Brien M, Ormond K, Brown S, Maly M. (2008). "Moving Forward": Success from a physiotherapist's point of view. Physiotherapy Canada. 60(1):19-29.
  37. Van Maele, D., & Van Houtte, M. (2011). The quality of school life: Teacher-student trust relationships and the organizational school context. Social indicators research, 100(1), 85-100.
  38. Weiss, D.J., Dawis, R.V., England, G.W., & Lofquist, L.H. (1967). Manual for the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Minnesota Studies in Vocational Rehabilitation,22.

Other issues:


Call-for-Scientific Papers
Call-for-Research Papers:
ITJEMAST invites you to submit high quality papers for full peer-review and possible publication in areas pertaining engineering, science, management and technology, especially interdisciplinary/cross-disciplinary/multidisciplinary subjects.

To publish your work in the next available issue, your manuscripts together with copyright transfer document signed by all authors can be submitted via email to Editor @ (please see all detail from Instructions for Authors)

Publication and peer-reviewed process:
After the peer-review process, articles will be on-line published in the available next issue. However, the International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies cannot guarantee the exact publication time as the process may take longer time, subject to peer-review approval and adjustment of the submitted articles.