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:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

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ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642


FEATURE PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

Vol.10(1) (2019)

  • A STUDY OF THE CONVERGENCE OF THE BEZOUT COEFFICIENTS SEARCH ALGORITHM
  • Alisher R. Zhumaniezov (Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Kazan Federal University, Kazan 420008, RUSSIAN FEDERATION, and Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.1

    Keywords: Euclidean algorithm; extended Euclidean algorithm; k-ary algorithm for computing GCD; calculation of inverse elements modulo; parallel GCD computation

    Time is very valuable in modern technology era. An important indicator of the program’s work is its computational speed. This article describes the optimization of Bezout coefficients search algorithm by introduction different optimization schemes. Among all schemes, the following are chosen: K-ary, approximating and parallel approximating optimization schemes. Bezout’s equation is a representation of the greatest common divisor d of two integers A and B as a linear combination Ax+By = d, where x, and y are integers called Bezout’s coefficients. Bezout’s coefficients are counted using the extended version of the classical Euclidian Algorithm.


  • CHALLENGES OF EGOVERNMENT IMPLEMENTATION IN THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC SERVICE
  • Oleh Ezichi Kalu, and Ridzuan Masri (International University of Malaya-Wales, MALAYSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.2

    Keywords: E-Government policy; Government efficiency; Government effectiveness; Government transparency; E-management; ICT.

    This paper is an empirical study for the concept of continuity in architectural identity.  The aim of this paper is to measure the degree of continuity in commercial buildings design, in term of architectural identity.  Furthermore the study will illustrate the influence of heritage buildings' in constructing the continuity of architectural identity in Erbil city.  The construction of the theoretical framework will rely on a procedure of two directions, the first direction will establish a comprehensive theoretical framework (multi-dimensional model) for the concept of continuity  in architecture, while the second part will analysis  the role of heritage buildings in constructing architectural identity in commercial buildings in Erbil City.  The finding of the study indicates that the heritage buildings visual elements and its architectural cues playing a tangible role in constructing architectural identity in  buffer zones of the city but this effect is gradually decrease in other sectors due to adopting the hybrid approach by melting modern technology within architectural features of the city.


  • METHODOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION AND TREND SHAPING FOR ECONOMIC PROFILE OF POVERTY
  • Milyausha R. Zainullina (Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA ),
    Alina V. Makhiyanova, Elmira F. Khuzieva ( Kazan State Power Engineering University ),
    Rustam M. Nagimov (Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.3

    Keywords: Economic portrait; Economic activity indices; Social stratum; Development method.

    The change of the economic situation in the Republic of Tatarstan (Russian Federation region) gave rise to the differentiation in society according to population income level. The study proposes to assess the level of society stratification based on the population survey and statistical indicators. The article presents the author's methodology of population economic portrait development, the materials of applied sociological research are presented that demonstrate its approbation. They perform the comparative analysis of economic activity indexes, the assessments of family living standards, financial situation and the republic economy as a whole. Four new indexes are being developed and tested: the assessment of the financial situation, income and the ability to make purchases and savings, which form the basis of poverty economic portrait as a whole. The social survey is supported by the analysis of statistical indicators by the index of the gross regional product physical volume, the dynamics of unemployed number, the index of industrial production, the dynamics of monetary incomes per capita on average and by the average monthly nominal salary.


  • ANALYSIS OF CLIENT DEPENDENCE (CD) AND VENDOR INNOVATION (VI) AND THE MODERATING ROLE OF THE CORPORATE CULTURE
  • Hojjat JOUDAKI, and Erfan ABSARI* (Department of Marketing Management, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.4

    Keywords: Client dependency; Corporate culture; SPSS; PLS.; Reliability of indicators of variables.

    Present study was conducted to examine client dependency, vendor innovation (VI), and the moderating role of corporate culture. The study was quantitative in terms of nature, and applied in terms of purpose conducted in correlation design. The population was all employees, who were 95 people and clients of Varamin Telecommunications Department in a specified period with uncertain number.  The employees filled out VI and corporate culture questionnaires, and the clients answered client dependence (CD) questionnaire. Given the number of population members and based on Morgan's table, 76 subjects are selected for the vendor and 384 for clients.  The tool used in this study was three questionnaires: CD, VI, and corporate culture. Prior to data analysis, heuristic analysis of the data was performed. Correlation test was used to describe and measure the relationship between variables, and SPSS® and PLS (Partial Least Squares regression) software was used to test the hypotheses. The results indicated that CD affects corporate culture. Corporate culture affects VI.  Client dependency does not directly affect VI, but it has an indirect effect on VI through corporate culture.


  • CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO ECONOMIC RISK MANAGEMENT AT THE ENTERPRISES OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN BELGOROD REGION
  • Yulia Y. Golubyatnikova, Olga G. Charykova, Natalya A. Cherepovskaya, Anna N. Doborovich (Belgorod State University, Belgorod, 308015, RUSSIA ),
    Ruslan V. Lesovik, Olga V. Leonova, Svetlana L. Lesovaya, Alexandr A. Mitrohin ( Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov, Belgorod 308012 RUSSIA ),
    Irina M. Dobrydina (Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev, Orel region, Orel, 302026 RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.5

    Keywords: Risk profile; Economic risk; Agrarian sector; Risk register; Risk management algorithm; Risk analysis Risk passport; Risk assessment; Types of risk; Risk minimization measures; Risk management approach

    The article describes the conceptual approach to economic risks management at agroindustrial complex enterprises. This research presents the definite algorithm of risk management conception at agrarian sector enterprises. It involves the analysis of special aspects and particular characteristics of economic risks at agroindustrial complex enterprises; identifying the whole range of risks, which the enterprises under research face; allocating the place for risk management in the enterprise management system; the task of setting up a risk management system; securing the principles of economic risk management; drawing up an agroindustrial enterprise risk analysis pattern; interpreting the subsystem of coordination and control over risk management processes; interpreting the subsystem of monitoring the enterprise and its business environment; interpreting the subsystem of identifying risk factors and revealing the risk; interpreting the subsystem of risk analysis and risk assessment; interpreting the subsystem of developing measures for risk management; identifying measures of economic risk management efficiency; a general conclusion and formulation of proposals. The research resulted in drawing up an algorithm flowchart with feedback loops showing risk analysis at an agroindustrial enterprise. The chart illustrates the interaction between risk management subsystems. The article also presents an economic risk register which identifies the risks agricultural enterprises may face within the enterprise, region and country. In the table, risks are grouped into three types: macrolevel, mesolevel, and microlevel. The article also describes the concept of “risk profile”, a document containing information about risk areas, risk criteria as well as guidelines on measures to prevent or minimize risks.


  • EFFECT OF CORPORATION STRATEGY ON MARKET REACTION TO EARNING IN THE ACCEPTED CORPORATIONS OF TEHRAN STOCK EXCHANGE
  • Nahid Hosseini and Babak Jamshidinavid ( Department of Accounting, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.6

    Keywords: Corporation strategy; Market reaction to profit; Strategy of product differentiation; Strategy of expenditure leadership

    Leadership strategic characteristics are margin expenditure of low sale with high sale mass, economic expense to criterion ration and main investments in factories and physical properties. While differentiation strategy is followed by high sale margin which is gained by goods quality and realized branding through investment in unobvious properties such as; investment in research part, development and advertisements, the strategic characteristics have twofold effects on investor reaction to published information about corporations. This research investigates the effect of corporation strategy on market reaction to profit in the accepted corporations of Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE). Research statistic population includes 856 accepted corporations in TSE from 2012 to 2016, while 142 corporations have been chosen by systematic deletion as the research statistic sample. The research is “application oriented” in term of its aim, its data are “quantitative”, the research performance time is “sectional”, its performance logic is “deductive”, and it performance method is “descriptive, measuring and casualty”. Paneling data method is used to analyze the research data based-on the research data kind. The findings indicate that corporation strategy has a positive meaningful effect on market reaction to earning, strategy of cost leadership has a positive meaningful effect on market reaction to profit, and differentiation strategy of product has a positive meaningful effect on market reaction to profit. These findings show that corporations that follow strategy of expenditure leadership their profit publications will be explained more generally and more changes will own in average believes of stock price. In the otherwise, profit announcements of corporations that follow strategy of differentiation will be explained by inhomogeneous and lower changes will own in average believes of stock price. The research helps knowledge level gradation about sectional changes of market reaction to profit announcement. Moreover, in this research price reaction convergence and transaction mass reaction to profit announcement have been indicated in the form of anticipation situation.


  • STATISTICAL-BASED ANALYSIS ON EFFECTS OF THE DIMENSIONS OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON MARKETING CAPABILITIES IN PRIVATE BANKS
  • Foad Kouhzadi *, Afshin MirHesami , Yadollah Rashidi , Milad Kouhzadi ( Department of Management and Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Bukan Branch, Bukan, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.7

    Keywords: Staff competence; Staff insight; Staff creativity; Alpha Cronbach test; Kolmogrov-Smirnov test.

    In current research has already done to investigate the effect of dimensions of Human capital on Marketing Capabilities in Private Banks. Often, human capital is described as intangible assets which can be applied as capital for competitive advantage. Thus, an organization which has strong marketing, has better performance in recognition of customer’ needs and comprehension of factors which influence on customer. This organization can position its trademark as for trademarks of its rivals which can discriminate and use high profitability. The aim of research is to discuss that does human capital influence on marketing capability? The statistical population consists of managers and experts of private banks of Kurdistan province and alpha Cronbach has been used to analyze data. In order to estimate reliability, Kolmogrov-Smirnov test has been used. On discussion the effects of human capital on marketing capability, three hypothesizes were confirmed at confidence level 95% and error 5%. This research confirms that attention to human capital in internal companies increases marketing capability and it is necessary managers and researchers to consider it.


  • MULTI-CRITERIA STATISTICAL-BASED ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE AS A MODERATING FACTOR ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FREE CASH FLOW AND APPLYING THE SUITABLE ASSETS
  • Hamidreza Torang , Alireza Eskandari* (Department of Accounting, Varamin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.8

    Keywords: Corporation Ownership; Audit Committee; Statistical analysis; shareholders; ownership structure.

    This research seeks to investigate the relationship between free cash flow, proper use of assets and the role of moderating the ownership structure.  The sample of this study includes 94 companies listed in the list of listed companies of Tehran Stock Exchange from 1391 to 1395.  In this research, Microsoft® Excel software was used for data processing and statistical analysis of EViews®8 was used for statistical analysis.  The results of this research show a significant negative linear relationship between cash flow and the proper use of assets. The findings also show that institutional ownership and the existence of an audit committee can modify the relationship between free cash flow and the proper use of assets, that is, institutional ownership and the existence of an audit committee can make assets more appropriate.


  • ACCURACY ASSESSMENT OF L-BAND ATLAS GNSS SYSTEM IN THAILAND
  • Kritsada Anantakarn* (Division of Civil Engineering and Construction Management, Uthenthawai Campus. Rajamongala University of Technology Tawan-ok, Bangkok 10330 THAILAND),
    Boonsap Witchayangkoon (Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, Rangsit, Pathumtani, 12120 THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.9

    Keywords: GNSS; RTK; Post-Processing; L-Band, CORS; IGS; Differential GPS; PPP

    The L-Band ATLAS GNSS service, a new land and maritime survey technique, is described and field check for accuracy in this study. The L-Band ATLAS GNSS system is a Global Based Augmentation System (GSBAS), developed by Hemisphere GNSS Technology, as a service to enhance real-time orbit and clock generation, dual redundant delivery of corrections from ground reference network via commercial communication satellites. Having significant development of mobile internet communication, GNSS receiver navigation software can utilizeL-Band ATLAS service for land survey and civil construction works. This work, GNSS dual frequency (L1/L2) single receiver is operated in L-Band ATLAS system by static and dynamic positioning measurement modes. This paper demonstrates a system test for L-Band ATLAS system in Thailand (Bangkok and Korat test sites) that monitors and assesses the accuracy of positioning measurement during March and April 2018. The accuracy assessments are based on both International GNSS Service (IGS) and local ground reference network of Department of Land (DOL) of Thailand. Real-Time L band positioning measurement outcomes are compared with Post-Processing results from IGS and DOL by using local map projection as Indian 1975 in different UTM zone 47N (Bangkok) and UTM zone 48N (Korat) in Thailand. The accuracy meets the requirement for GIS and Surveying being 4.1 centimeter in horizontal measurement and 32 cm in vertical measurement as comparing post-processing with IGS system and 17 cm in horizontal measurement in comparing with DOL Thailand system. This paper also discusses the system integration and development for improving GNSS accuracy by using currently available international and local Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) services in Thailand.


  • ROLLER BEARING FAULT DETECTION USING EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK METHODS
  • Javad Zarekar, Mehrdad Nouri Khajavi*, Gholamhassan Payganeh (Department of Solid Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.10

    Keywords: ANN; EMD; EEMD; IMFs; Hilbert–Huang transform (HHT); Kurtosis coefficient non-stationary vibrations; time-frequency

    One of the methods for detection faults in structural and mechanical systems is processing vibrational signals extracted from the real system. The Hilbert–Huang transform (HHT) is a new and strong method for analyzing nonlinear and non-stationary vibrations based on time-frequency. This approach is based on decomposing a signal into empirical modes and Hilbert spectral analysis. In the current paper, first, vibrational signals of a roller bearing are decomposed into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) using ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) method and IMFs sensitive to impulse are determined by Kurtosis coefficient. Then Kurtosis and standard deviation factors are extracted from the mentioned IMFs and used for training and validating the multi layers perceptron neural network. The results of network trial showed faulty or normal roller bearing and its fault type.


  • REGIONAL ECONOMIC COMPLEX MANAGEMENT FEATURES OF RUSSIA
  • Natalia V. Arzamastseva* (Department of Political Economy, FSBEI HE RSAU - Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev, RUSSIA),
    Omar B. Ugurchiev (Department of Management, FSBEI HE - Ingush State University, RUSSIA),
    Visit A. Khamzatov (Department of Accounting, Analysis and Audit, Chechen State University, RUSSIA),
    Anzor V. Misakov (Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),
    Valery S. Misakov (Nature Management Laboratory, Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.11

    Keywords: Globalization; Regional industrial policy; Territorial industrial complexes; Competitive industrial development, Industrial restructuring

    OMany problems of economic potential management in a regional industrial complex are closely associated with the establishment of the effective ways to maximize the use of all potential opportunities. The article suggests the priority directions to identify and mobilize the internal reserves of the regional industrial complex in the depressed republics of the North Caucasus Federal District. The negative state of the basic economic characteristics makes it necessary to conduct a complex of studies on a rational structure development concerning the national economy. These studies are becoming highly relevant with the actualization of globalization processes and the intensification of competition in world markets. This situation makes it necessary to optimize the sectoral composition of the Russian industrial complex. A thorough review of the basic provisions is also necessary in the framework of the implemented industrial policy at all levels. At the same time, it should also be noted that there is half a dozen of RF regions against the background of globalization, which play a significant role in the country economy. All this suggests the need for deep economic research on the development of a regional industrial policy, based on the analysis of regional industrial complex competitiveness level.


  • DEVELOPING AN EVIDENCE-BASED STRATEGIC DECISION-MAKING MODEL IN INSURANCE COMPANIES
  • Vahid khashei *, Elham Sadat Sabour Abvani * (Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allame Tabataba'i University, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.12

    Keywords: Strategic gap; Confidence-seeking discourse; Mixed exploratory approach; Least squre; Strauss and Corbin's paradigm model.

    Management researchers have long been concerned about the fact that management research has not been widely successful in affecting the management practices. Hambrick argues that the management research mainly aims at decision making and management practices; however, the translation of academic knowledge to measures adopted by managers has practically failed. The present study sought to develop an evidence-based decision-making model in insurance companies. The present study was fundamental and applied in terms of its objective and mixed exploratory research with regard to its nature. In the qualitative part of this study, twenty directors of insurance companies and policy-making experts were selected through purposeful and snowball sampling. Moreover, one hundred seventy directors of active insurance companies participated in the quantitative part to test the model. Structural equation approach and data-based theory was used to analyze the data. Finally, an evidence-based strategic decision-making model was developed according to Strauss and Corbin's paradigm model. Further, the relationships among the research variables were examined using the partial least squares method and the validity of the relationships was confirmed.


  • ECOLOGICAL SETTLEMENTS AS ONE OF PERSPECTIVE FORMS FOR RUSSIA RURAL TERRITORY MULTIFUNCTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  • Liza A. Tsurova (Department of Finance and Credit, FSBI of HE, Ingush State University, RUSSIA)
    Magomed M. Musaev ( Department of Economics, Chechen State University, RUSSIA)
    Arsen P. Kushkhov (Department of Accounting, Analysis and Audit Department, FSBI of HE, Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov, RUSSIA)
    Anzor V. Misakov (Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),
    Valery S. Misakov (Nature Management Laboratory, Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.13

    Keywords: economic crisis; mountain regions; depressed republics;  rural territories; multifunctional development;  ecological settlements; sustainable development.

    Modern socio-ecological-economic processes of the rural territory functioning in the depressed republics of the North Caucasus make it necessary to rethink the rural community problems and develop new approaches, mechanisms and directions for their recovery and sustainable development. The rural settlements of the mountainous areas in the republics of the North Caucasus Federal District could not fit into market relations and lose their socio-economic purpose catastrophically in the sphere of agrarian relation organization and implementation, which threatens with unpredictable consequences not only for the socio-economic, but also for the political sphere. In these conditions, the strategic task for the future is to conduct structural and functional transformations of rural areas, to develop new qualities and characteristics, which allow to adapt to changing external socio-economic conditions.


  • MECHANICAL STRENGTH EVALUATION OF PULSED ND-YAG LASER WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL 304L
  • F Vakili Tahami (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IRAN),
    E Safari (Faculty of Physics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IRAN),
    H Halimi Khosroshahi ( Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.14

    Keywords: Nd-YAG laser beam; Laser Welding; Mechanical Properties; High Temp Tensile; Creep test.

    This work focused on the welding of austenitic stainless steel 304L using the laser beam welding technique, in the room and high temperatures. Two pieces of the AISI 304L sheet with thickness of one millimeter are arranged on a special fixture and welded under the protection of high purity argon gas. For laser welding, a pulsed Nd-YAG laser beam with the beam frequency of 20 Hz, the welding speed of 84.5 millimeters per second, the pulse width of 6.5 milliseconds, and the average beam power of 220 watts are used. After welding, the samples of the tensile test cut using an electrical discharge machine, for tensile tests. The uniaxial tensile tests carried out at room and high temperature. Tensile tests have shown that it is possible to perform the laser joining of this alloy, and suitable joints can be obtained with this technique so that the average strength of joints is equal to 73.5% of the base alloy strength in the room temperature, and 64.7% of the base alloy strength at high temperature.



    Read/Download ITJEMAST full issue:: Vol.10(1) (2019)



Vol.10(2) (2019)

  • AN INVESTIGATION ON EFFECTIVENESS OF THE EDUCATIONAL SHORT-TERM TRAINING COURSES IN AN IRANIAN OIL COMPANIES
  • Diana Gandomfeshan (Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.15

    Keywords: Middle-class Managers; one sample t-test; Cronbach's alpha method; Manager training courses.

    This study investigated the effect of short-term training courses on knowledge, attitude and performance of middle-class managers in Iran Oil Company. Among the total of middle-class managers of the Iran Central areas Oil Companies in cities of Tehran, Shiraz, Mashhad and Kermanshah, 100 managers were selected as a sample using simple random sampling (number of statistical society is 133 middle- class managers). Using descriptive research method and using a researcher-made questionnaire containing 77 questions in four options (based on the Likert spectrum), the viewpoints of middle-ranking managers regarding the effect of short-term training courses on their knowledge, attitude and performance it was measured. The reliability of knowledge questions , the level of reliability of the attitude and the reliability of the questions of performance were obtained. Data were analyzed using inferential statistics (one way analysis of variance, one sample t- test, Cronbach alpha method – for determining the reliability of the questionnaire, multivariate regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient). The results of this research that have been carried out using a questionnaire, show that short-term training courses of middle-class managers is effective in increasing knowledge, improving positive attitudes in managers, their performance and among the variables studied, the variable of attitude has an effect on improving the performance of middle-class managers.


  • MULTIFUNCTIONALITY OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION RURAL TERRITORIES WITHIN THE CONDITION OF DIVERSIFIED RURAL ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT
  • Natalia V. Prokhorova * (Department of Political Economy, FSBEI HE RSAU - Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev, RUSSIA)
    Avgustina B. Urusova (Department of Finance and Credit, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education North Caucasus State Academy, RUSSIA)
    Bela M. Musaeva (Department of Enterprise Economics, FSBEI of HE, Chechen State University, RUSSIA),
    Anzor V. Misakov (Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),
    Valery S. Misakov(Nature Management Laboratory, Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.16

    Keywords: Economic crisis; depressed state; rural territories; agriculture; market economy; diversification; competition.

    The transition to market relations, the departure from the planned economy destroyed the economic entities of Russian Federation rural territories, and also caused new socio-ecological and economic problems.  This is despite the fact that agriculture is a life-supporting sector of the national economy by its nature and the country food security depends on it. Today, one of the priority strategic tasks aimed at an unacceptable differentiation of rural settlement reduction is their diversification.  It is carried out through the involvement of unused internal reserves in the turnover and sustainable development AIC branches on this basis, whose products always have an increased market demand. Under these conditions, the transition of rural areas to the rails of diversified development is of paramount importance, which will create the maximum possible diversity of economic forms and activities in the countryside, use the resources of the territories comprehensively, ensure rural employment and reduce social tensions.


  • EFFECT OF WATER STRESS ON GROWTH TRAITS OF ROOTS AND SHOOTS (FRESH AND DRY WEIGHTS, AND AMOUNT OF WATER) OF THE WHITE SEEDLESS GRAPE
  • Mohammad Aslanpour (Mohammad Omar Aziz) *(Department of Horticulture, University of Raparin, Rania, Sulaimany, IRAQ ),
    Hamed Doulati Baneh (Horticulture Crops Research Department, West Azerbaijan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Uremia, IRAN ),
    Ali Tehranifar, Mahmoud Shoor (Horticultural Sciences and Landscape Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    Keywords: Water stress condition; morphological traits; Drought resistance; Mycorrhiza plant; Glomus fungi; Horticulture; Grapevine.

    To determine effects of infected roots of seedless white currant grape cultivar with three species of Mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus fasiculatum, Glomus intraradices, and Glomus mosseae) on growth traits (branch length, number of leaves, leaf area, fresh and dry weight of branch, root and leaf) under the water stress conditions, this factorial experiment was implemented in the randomized complete block design with four treatments. The obtained results showed that the increase in drought stress led to a reduction in the factors including branch growth, number of leaves, leaf area, dry weight of root and branch. Inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi had a positive effect on the above-mentioned traits compared with control group; in this case, among fungal treatment traits, the Glomus fasiculatum had the highest positive effect on the dry weight of roots. All three funguses had an effect on the fresh weight of leaf. There was not any difference between irrigation levels of 25% and 50% under the water stress.


  • THE METHOD OF BOUNDARY STATES IN PROBLEMS OF TORSION OF ANISOTROPIC CYLINDERS OF FINITE LENGTH
  • Ivanychev D.A.* (Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA)
    Levina E.Yu. (Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman, Moscow, RUSSIA)
    Abdullakh L.S., and Glazkova Yu. A.(Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.18

    Keywords: Boundary state method; Torsion analysis; Anisotropic bodies; Saint-Venant problem; State spaces.

    The work is devoted to the development of the boundary state method for the class of problems of torsion of cylindrical bodies with a nontrivial cross-sectional shape made from anisotropic materials. At the ends of the final cylinder, the forces are specified, resulting in torsion moments. The concepts of the spaces of internal and boundary states for an anisotropic medium are formulated. The theory of constructing bases of these spaces was developed using the general solution of Lekhnitsky. The basis of internal states includes the components of the displacement vector, the strain tensor, and the stress tensor. The basis of the boundary states includes the forces at the boundary of the cylinder, and the displacement of the boundary points. Scalar products are introduced in each of the spaces. In the basis of internal states, the scalar product expresses the internal energy of elastic deformation. In the basis of boundary states, it expresses the work of external forces. An isomorphism of the state space is established, which establishes a one-to-one correspondence between their elements. Isomorphism allows the search for the internal state to be reduced to the study of the boundary state that is isomorphic to it. The state spaces are orthogonalized and the desired state is decomposed into a Fourier series in terms of the orthonormal basis elements, where the given surface forces act as coefficients. The problem is solved for a cylinder whose cross section is in the shape of an I-beam made of anisotropic material. Signs of convergence of the solution are given. The main features of the problem solution are formulated. The results are presented in graphical form.


  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACADEMIC BURNOUT AND ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL FACTORS WITH LIFE EXPECTANCY IN STUDENTS OF SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
  • Fatemeh Mahmoudi (Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education & Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, IRAN),
    Abdolreza Mahmoudi* (Islamic Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IRAN),
    Hadi Raeisi Shahraki (Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, IRAN),
    Maryam Shamsaei, Hashem Kakaei (Islamic Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.19

    Keywords: Socioeconomic factors; Students' environment; Likert scale; Questionnaire; SPSS; Pearson correlation; Regression.

    Life expectancy is considered as one of the most important variables affecting the success and adaptability of the environment in students. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the variables affecting life expectancy. A sample of 600 students from Shiraz University of Medical Sciences was selected randomly. Demographic, life expectancy, academic burnout questionnaire were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS®. The results of this study showed a significant negative relationship between life expectancy and academic burnout. So, with increasing life expectancy, academic burnout declines, and burnout increases with declining life expectancy. Burnout in male students is slightly higher than female students, but this difference was not statistically significant. Also, academic burnout was higher in dormitory students without a car and personal laptop than in other students, but this difference was not statistically significant. The results of one-variable analysis of variance showed that living place is one of the important factors related to the life expectancy of students. So that students who live with the family have a significantly higher life expectancy. Also, academic burnout in married students was significantly higher than single students. According to the findings of the study, the variables of academic burnout and economic, social factors are related to life expectancy. Therefore, effective planning to reduce academic burnout and improve socioeconomic conditions is important for authorities..


  • BIOLOGICAL SAFETY OF COWS’ MILK UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF TECHNOGENIC AGRICULTURAL ECOSPHERE WHEN USING BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES
  • Irina Donnik, Olga Bykova (Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FSBEI HE Ural SAU), 42, K. Liebknechta St., Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA),
    Anna Krivonogova, Albina Isaeva (Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FSBEI HE Ural SAU), 42, K. Liebknechta St., Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA and Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution, Ural Federal Agrarian Scientific Research Centre, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences” (FSBSI UrFASRC, UrB of RAS), 112 А, Belinskogo St., Еkaterinburg, RUSSIA),
    Olga Loretts* , Anna Baranova, Nina Musikhina, Anastasia Romanova (Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FSBEI HE Ural SAU), 42, K. Liebknechta St., Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.20

    Keywords: technogenic agricultural pollution; diary produce; chemical substances; biologically active substances; biological safety; Heavy metal.

    The important issue in gear fault diagnosis is to extract the dependable fault characteristics from the vibration signal of gearbox. Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is a substantial time-frequency tool for adaptively decomposing vibration signals into a collection of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs); a fault feature can be extracted from one of IMFs to determine the fault location and fault level of a gear or bearing in the mechanical drive system. In this paper, a multi-harmonic vibration model of a gearbox with fault modulation is presented, a conventional demodulation analysis using Hilbert transform is introduced, and the EMD is illustrated. The EMD are applied to processing field vibration signals collected from a gearbox to detect a gear fault. The results show that EMD can extract the fault modulation information.


  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) OF SOUTH PARS SPECIAL ZONE (ASSALOOYEH) IN CREATING A STABLE ENVIRONMENT USING THE LEOPOLD MATRIX
  • Ayatollah Momayez*, Seyedeh Atefeh Qassemi (Department of Technology Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.21

    Keywords: Environmental concern; Leopold matrix evaluation; environmental consequences; Environmental management and monitoring; Qualitative environmental impact assessment method.

    Because of the negative effects of human activities on the environment, particularly in industrial sectors, paying attention to the environmental considerations in designing, implementing, establishing and utilizing industrial and civil projects has particular importance. Accordingly, oil industry, due to its key role in the national economy and global exchanges, and its producing substantial emission from the production stage to the extraction and refining of crude petroleum and consumption of oil products, has a special place. South Pars Special Zone (Assalooyeh) was established in 1998 in Iran, and, according to estimations, the construction of 28 gas phases has been planned. The main part of these establishments has been or is being constructed in Assalooyeh region. In the present article, the effects of the activities in South Pars Special Zone in two marine and terrestrial environments were studied using Leopold Matrix. The results of the matrix of evaluation of the environmental effects indicate that waste oil, the burning of separated gases in burners, the displacement of crude oil, etc. are among the most environmental consequences of the region, paving the way for water, soil, noise, and air pollution and its subsequent consequences. To control and eliminate harmful effects due to petroleum activities in the region, it is necessary to have environmental considerations in the process and to do reforming measures.


  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM AND FIELD OF STUDY AND ITS EFFECT ON ACADEMIC BURNOUT IN STUDENTS OF SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
  • Fatemeh Mahmoudi (Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education & Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, IRAN),
    Abdolreza Mahmoudi (Islamic Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IRAN),
    Hadi Raeisi Shahraki *(Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, IRAN),
    Maryam Shamsaei, Hashem Kakaei (Islamic Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.22

    Keywords: Regression analysis; Questionnaire survey; SPSS; Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI); Rosenberg self-esteem standardized questionnaire.

    Medical students are prone to burnout due to high volume and stressful courses and also attending medical centers. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and field of study and its effect on academic burnout in students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 600 students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences selected by multi-stage cluster sampling in 2018. Data were analyzed by SPSS® software. The mean score of self-esteem in men was higher than that of women and the mean score of burnout in men was lower than that of women, but this difference was not statistically significant. There was no significant difference in the mean of self-esteem among single and married students. Also, the level of academic burnout was significantly lower among married students than single students. There was a significant negative correlation between self-esteem and academic burnout. The results of the regression analysis showed that academic burnout is the only predictor of student self-esteem. The precise and principled planning for medical and paramedical students who are prone to severe academic burnout due to their very difficult educational situation can play an important role in increasing self-esteem in these students.


  • A CONCERN REVIEW ON POTENCY OF IoT APPLICATIONS WITH EXAMPLE CASE STUDY
  • Vijayasaro.V * (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, PRIST University, Thanjavur, 613403 INDIA),
    Niveathasaro.V (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mahath Amma Institute of Engineering and Technology, Pudukkottai, 622001 INDIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.23

    Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks; Internet of Things; Temperature and Relative humidity; Gateway.

    This paper illuminates the significance of Internet of Things (IoT) and its potential strength especially concerning the application areas of IoT that reflects our day-to-day life in all over the world. The novel approach of wireless sensor networks enhances its features to persuade the demand of people’s fastest lifestyle. This paper describes the concept, significance and main applications of Internet of Things (IoT) by exemplifying a simple case study. The case study illustrates the design framework for analysis of temperature and relative humidity in our surroundings and explains the gateway concept in Internet of Things.


  • PRAGMATIC CONSTRUCTIVISM AS A SOFT-METHODOLOGY OF THE HRM CONCEPT
  • Ivanova O.E.*, Ryabinina E.V., Tyunin A.I. (Department of Economics, Management and Law, South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Chelyabinsk, the RUSSIAN FEDERATION),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.24

    Keywords: Human resources management concept; Soft-methodology; Radical constructivism, Risk management; Management accounting; Bank lending.

    The development of methodological foundations of the human resources management (HRM) concept in a modern organization is carried out via the philosophical approach. The appeal to Soft-methodology is caused by the need to solve new management problems, inevitably accompanying post-industrial society, from the position of flexible and rapid response to the challenges of the external environment. The identification of the essential features of radical constructivism as the epistemologically and ontologically most viable direction in the framework of the general constructive movement and the classical American version of pragmatism and their generalization in the context of the HRM concept allowed justifying the appeal to the integration of these approaches, implemented in pragmatic constructivism. In addition, the appeal to pragmatic constructivism as a methodological basis for the human resources management concept took into account the western practice of implementing this approach to risk management, management accounting, bank lending. It is established that pragmatic constructivism is a subject-based approach, indicating the subjective-value active perception and transformation of reality, aimed at achieving useful results for the organization. Subject-designer has certain value ideas about the world, based on their own experience and reflection on it and adjusted taking into account new impressions. In accordance with these guidelines, organizational reality is constructed, not reflected. The truth of this design determines its practical usefulness for the organization. Taking this into account, pragmatic constructivism is Soft-methodology of human resource management concept. This methodology is a flexible, instrumental, contextual practical use of the system of methods and principles, which is designed to ensure effective human management in the organization. The key principles of pragmatic constructivism as Soft-methodology are the principles of communication, design, criticality and creativity, and the meritocracy of ideas.


  • DEVELOPMENT OF HOSPITAL TEMPLES WITH ENGINEERING DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
  • Kantaryuk Ekaterina Anatolyevna*, Kantaryuk Mark Vasilyevich (Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.25

    Keywords: virtual routing; built environment; health care workspace design.

    The work is an original design project of interactive social map of Russian hospital temples. The goal of the work is a detection and virtual routing of hospital temples as locus of orthodox socio-cultural space. The sociological methods of collection and processing of information (continuous interrogation, diagrammatic construction, scaling, etc.), design methods are used. First, all hospital Orthodox churches in Russia are detecting. The presented design project is oriented on application in sociocultural research and in different provinces of humanitarian and social activities of the Russian Orthodox Church, information provision of patients who in need of spiritual support, directly social consolidation within the framework of a religious (orthodox) community, medical staff and social workers provided complex care for the patient and creating optimal conditions for his recovery. The hospital design has been tested and the good result has been obtained.


  • A SERVICE-ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE IMPLEMENTATION MODEL WITH COMPARATIVE STUDIES APPROACH: CASE STUDY OF BRANCHES OF QARZ-AL-HASANAH MEHR IRAN AND RESALAT BANKS
  • Mohammad Ali Darvishzadeh, Sanjar Salajeghe*, Masoud Pourkiani, Saeed Sayadi, Vahid Amirzadeh (Department of Governmental Management, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, IRAN),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.26

    Keywords: Service-oriented architecture, Adoption area of SOA, maturation level of SOA, Authority levels of SOA, Structural Health Monitoring of management layer in applying SOA, Middleware application.

    Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) is an appropriate approach for improving agility and increasing system efficiency. With respect to the wide scope of the organizational architecture projects' effects, it is advisable for the organization to be aware of its capability to accept this new approach before executing and carrying out the relevant huge expenses. The correct understanding of organizational readiness is crucial for the proper orientation of efforts and the formulation of appropriate strategies. The main objective of this research was to provide a SOA implementation model with comparative studies approach (A case study: Branches of Qarz-al-Hasaneh Mehr Iran and Resalat Banks). The pattern aimed to introduce the factors by which one could evaluate the readiness of an organization to implement a SOA. In the current research, the predictor variable included the factors relating to the SOA implementation and its components, and the criterion variable was the implementation of the SOA and its components. These factors, all, included the SOA acceptance scope, the servicing architectural maturity levels, SOA governance levels, Structural Health Assessment (SHM), management layers in the application of SOA and the use of middleware. Statistical population of this study was eventually consisted of 194 employees of Iran's Qarz-al-Hasanah Mehr Bank and 536 employees of Qarz-al-Hasanah Resalat Bank. In order to design the pattern, the components and attributes of the factors relating to the implementation of the SOA were extracted through setting up the questionnaire. The results were analyzed using SPSS®, and AMOS® software. The findings of the research indicated that considering the related factors, the presentation of the SOA implementation model was desirable in Qarz al-Hasaneh Mehr Iran and Resalat Bank.


  • SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT ISSUES OF MOUNTAIN AREA RURAL TERRITORIES IN DEPRESSIVE REPUBLICS OF NORTHERN CAUCASUS
  • Saida K. Shardan * (North Caucasian State Academy, Cherkessk, RUSSIA),
    Luiza A. Yandarbayeva (Department of State and Municipal Management, FSBEI HE Chechen State University, RUSSIA),
    Fatima E. Karaeva (Department of Economics, FSBEI HE Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University named after V.M. Kokov, RUSSIA),
    Anzor V. Misakov (Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),
    Valery S. Misakov(Nature Management Laboratory, Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.27

    Keywords: Economic world crisis; Market economy; Depressed republics; Life quality; Rural social infrastructure; Infra-systematicity.

    The genesis and the establishment of social infrastructure essence show that the conditions of market economy development in Russian Federation require its content rethinking, the basis of which is the gradual transformation of social infrastructure purpose understanding - from the creation of the necessary conditions for population proper functioning to ensure the reproduction of man and society. This approach allows us to understand the essence of the social infrastructure more deeply and realize clearly that the purpose of its operation is a favorable living environment creation, focused on rural population life and activity reasoning, and its intellectual, spiritual and physical development provision.



    Vol.10(3) (2019)

  • MATHEMATICAL MODELS FOR EVALUATING PROGRAM AND COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES IN HIGHER EDUCATION
  • Sunil Kumar Sharma*, S. V. Tirumalai, and Ali A. Alhamdan (College of Computer and Information Sciences, Majmaah University, Al Majmaah, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.28

    Keywords: Program learning outcomes (PLO); CLO; KPI; Key Performance Indicators; Learning Assessment Model.

    At present, most of the Universities concentrates on assessing the programming learning outcome. These programs learning outcomes (PLO) are defined/fixed by the accreditation agencies and are mapped with the course learning outcome (CLO). In a micro level, key performance indicators (KPIs) are defined for each program learning outcomes. The role of a faculty member is very important in this stage in evaluation and assessment. The faculty member sets the assessment tools based on the course learning outcomes and the associated key performance indicators. Evaluation is carried out by the faculty member based on the rubrics associated with the performance indicator. The evaluation process should be more transparent and to provide a clear picture of the student position in the class. The need for developing a suitable mathematical model to record the marks at micro level and assess the outcomes must be considered by the Universities in order to strengthen the assessment process. This research paper deals with developing mathematical models to evaluate the average scores of the programming learning outcomes and course learning outcomes.


  • ASSESSMENT OF WATER BALANCE IN FOOD TRADE IN THE WATER-SCARCE REGIONS OF NIGERIA
  • Gozen Elkiran*, Jazuli Abdullahi (Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Near East Boulevard, 99138, Nicosia, NORTH CYPRUS)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.29

    Keywords: Food trade; Crop productions; Water footprint; Water balance; Virtual water; CROPWAT; Imports and exports.

    Rapid growth in the world population leads to increase demand for water and hence water scarcity rises. Water is said to be virtually transported when the produced food are transferred from the point of its production to the point of consumption. Hence, this research was aimed at determining the volume of virtual water required to produce 25 different crops in the most water-scarce region of Nigeria for the year 2013. In the meantime, the virtual water imports and exports, the volume of virtual water produced, water balance, and water footprint, contributions of green, blue, and grey water for crop productions, imports costs, exports income and productions value of the selected crops were distinguished. CROPWAT software was used in conducting this research. The result showed that in the selected six states of the water-scarce region, the sum of the volumes of virtual water produced of the crops selected was approximately 34.7 Gm3/yr., virtual water imports volume was 8.3 Gm3/yr., virtual water exports volume was 26.5 Mm3/yr., water balance was 8.3 Gm3/yr. and water footprint was 43 Gm3/yr. Total production value was $2.5 billion, import cost $763.5 million and export income $1.1 million. The most suitable state to grow crops in the water-scarce region of Nigeria is Zamfara as it has more percentage of green water used than others, which can, therefore, reduce cost of production and scarcity of water.


  • SOIL AND ECOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF AGRO-CHERNOZEMS OF SIBERIA
  • A.A. Shpedt (Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk Research Institute of Agricultural, Federal Research Center, Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, RUSSIA )
    Yu.V. Aksenova , M.R. Shayakhmetov (Omsk State Agrarian University, Omsk, RUSSIA )
    V.N. Zhulanova (Tuvan State University, Kyzyl, ul. Lenin, RUSSIA)
    V.A. Rassypnov (Altai State Agrarian University, ?arnaul, RUSSIA )
    M.V. Butyrin (Center of Agrochemical Service Irkutsk, setl. Dzerzhinsk, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.30

    Keywords: Soil science; soil assessment; chernozem map; chernozem soil index, agrochemical index, climate index; soil-ecological index.

    The comparative assessment of natural potential of agro-chernozems of Siberia in order to plan rational land use, protection of soils and soil cover is carried out. The score was determined by soil-ecological index (SEI). SEI calculation was carried out on climatic, agrochemical and soil parameters. At calculating the climate index, the sum of temperatures above 100°C and precipitation was taken into account; the agrochemical index was calculated by the content of humus, mobile forms of phosphorus and potassium, the reaction of the medium and the soil index - by alkalinity, salinity, erosion, granulometric composition of soils. According to the data of the Landsat satellite and the QGIS software, a map of the distribution of chernozems in the Siberian region was created. Interactive map is comparable to the relief map of the study area, cadastral, geological and other maps. The most valuable soils for agricultural use are formed in the Krasnoyarsk and Altai Krai, where up to 50% of the total chernozem area of the Siberian Federal district (SFD) is concentrated. SEI of agro-chernozems of Siberia decreases in a number: Krasnoyarsk Krai, Altai Krai, Irkutsk region, Omsk region, the Republic of Tuva. The development of erosion and deflation to an average degree reduces the SEI value by 14-36%. The calculated SEI values of agro-chernozems can be used to determine their resource potential, cadastral and market assessment, development of recommendations for land transformation. In modern conditions, the unused chernozems are considered as unrecorded reserve for expansion of arable land, most balanced, anthropogenic, environmental resource.


  • A LEARNING AUTOMATA-BASED APPROACH FOR DYNAMIC LOAD BALANCING IN MANET
  • Maryam Asgaria* (Department of Computer Engineering, Hesabi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tafresh, IRAN ),
    Abbas Karimib (Department of Computer Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, IRAN ),
    Mohammad Shahverdy (Department of Computer Engineering, Hesabi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tafresh, IRAN ),
    Maryam Mohammadi (Department of Computer Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.31

    Keywords: Load balancing; MANET; Optimal route; Node energy; Energy saving; MANET simulation.

    In mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) due to the high mobility of nodes, routing and load balancing are of major problems. In the proposed framework first, routes leading to destination is found and the value of compound route with the average of total probability of nodes for each route is calculated.  Final value is considered to select a route among all routes leading to the destination. We considered the parameters in order to balance the load on the network and use of learning automata technique to select the optimal route.  Simulation result shows that the proposed approach offers better performance in terms of energy consumption and the number of packets received by the sink.


  • DESIGN FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABLED HEALTH OPPORTUNITIES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF BLIND AND WEAK PEOPLE)
  • Kukushkina V.A.* (Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA ),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.32

    Keywords: Accessible environment; Universal design; Ergodizain; Design of relief.

    Disability is an emerging field within public health; people with significant disabilities account for more than 15% of the world population. People with disabilities who receive a high-quality education and enter the workforce prepared are not only a benefit to themselves, but to their families, employers, and communities. Disparity status for this group would allow federal and state governments to actively work to reduce inequities. In this article, the application of the basic principles of universal design on the example of creating relief-graphic aids for blind and visually impaired people is considered. We developed a methodology for this purposed which results demonstrates its accuracy and efficiency.


  • DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS IN RUSSIA IN TERMS OF PROGRAM-TARGET MANAGEMENT
  • A.S. Lylov* (Ural State Mining University, Yekaterinburg, ul. Kuibyshev, 30, 620144, RUSSIAN FEDERATION ),
    A.N. Semin (Ural State Economic University Yekaterinburg, 620144, Yekaterinburg, ul. March 8 / Narodnaya Volya, 62/45 RUSSIAN FEDERATION ),
    E.A.Skvortsov (Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620002, ul. Mira, 19, RUSSIAN FEDERATION )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.33

    Keywords: Rural monitoring; Rural population; Rural employment; Rural quality of life; Rural settlement; Rural analysis; Rural social infrastructure.

    This study identifies factors that make difficulties for sustainable development of Russia rural areas; to develop a concept of forming an effective social infrastructure. There was a decrease in rural population to the level of 1991 by 982 thousand people, or 2.5%. The total rural population is considered from four positions: natural increase (or decrease); migration increase; changes in a settlement status (from urban to rural); expansion of the rural area due to the annexation of the Crimea. So, there was a decrease in the first factor (natural increase) by 3.7 million people during the market reforms 1992-2016. The second factor, half a million people were increased. The third factor (changes in a settlement status) had an increase of over 2 million people. The fourth factor, the rural population of the Russian Federation grew almost 800 thousand people due to the rural territory of the Crimea. If to deal with a structure of the employed rural population in the Russian Federation by types of economic activity, it should be emphasized that the proportion of those directly engaged in agriculture is 21% of the economically active rural population or about 8 million people. This underlines the multifunctionality of rural areas. It is recommended to ensure financial priority for strategic projects that increase the profitability of the agricultural sector for its modernization and increasing competitiveness, improving the infrastructure of rural areas and a local self-government, developing agricultural and green tourism; to develop agricultural and green tourism; to carry out certification of rural settlements; to implement minimum standards of social and communal infrastructures; to legislate a status of a young specialist who goes to rural areas, concerning his rights and obligations, as well as benefits and preferences of various kinds. This decision, in the authors' opinion, will significantly increase the attractiveness of rural areas for young people.


  • CREATIVITY-BASED INTEGRATION PEOPLE WITH LIMITED OPPORTUNITY ON THE EXAMPLE OF CREATING ARTISTIC PRODUCTS OF METAL CLAY
  • E.A.Kulishova* , O.A.Kazachkova (MIREA - Russian Technological University, Moscow, RUSSIA ),
    V.A. Kukushkina, L.S. Abdullah (Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.34

    Keywords: Universal design; barrier-free environment; PMC (Precious Metal Clay); art therapy.

    This study applies low cost material to build creative specimens. Several areas of possible testing include compression, and bending. The organization of events with the joint participation of healthy people and people with disabilities in creative activities contributes to the formation of a barrier-free environment. This is the creation of medical and labor workshops, creative festivals, exhibitions and fairs. When there is an opportunity not only to submit their own products to the competition, but also to sell them, having received monetary rewards for their creative works. All this also contributes to the erasure of the psychological framework in communication of people with disabilities with people without disabilities. With creations under a barrier-free environment, creativity is one of the effective ways to integrate people with disabilities into society


  • IMPROVING AWARENESS OF TOURISM EDUCATION AMONG STUDENTS' IN INTERMEDIATE AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA: EXPERTS' SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULA POINT OF VIEW
  • Humoud Mohammed Jaber*, Azzizan Marzuki (School of Housing, Building, and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, MALAYSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.35

    Keywords: 2030 KSA vision; studying tourism; curricula development; tourism and hospitality; travel industry; visitor destination.

    Improving the awareness toward the tourism and tourism education among young generations and schools’ student is one of the strategic directions considered by the government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) as one-step to the 2030 vision of the country. This paper unfolds the inherent to know tourism education dimensions that are important from social studies curricula teachers' point of view in the intermediate and secondary schools in the KSA to develop a process of the curricula and improve the tourism awareness among the students. The findings highlight the lack of the tourism education dimensions of social studies curricula from the experts' point of view and weak communication between curricula developers in the KSA Ministry of Education and the teachers who work for schools.


  • THE EFFECT OF TV HAMOUN CHANNEL ON NATIONAL AND RELIGIOUS IDENTITY OF PEOPLE LIVING IN SIS TAN AND BALUCHISTAN, IRAN
  • Gholamreza Ibrahim* (Human Sciences School, Department of Communications, Imam Reza University, Mashhad, IRAN ),
    Ebrahim Fayaz (Department of Anthropology, Tehran University, IRAN ),
    Masoud Motalebi (Department of Politics, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr Branch, Azadshahr, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.36

    Keywords: People identity; Iranian identity; Effect of communication; TV program; Cultural-based economic, National show; Confirmatory analysis.

    This study was conducted to analyze the effect of provincial TV channel called Hamoun on the national and religious identity of people living in Sis tan and Baluchistan, Iran. The survey method is used in this research. The questionnaire consists of two parts as well as the open and close-ended questions. Statistical society of this study focused on educated people who were older than 19 living in Sis tan and Baluchistan. From the 2011 census, there were over a million people living in rural and urban areas; of them, almost half a million members were educated people, 19 years old and older. Sample size was calculated (n = 383) using Cochran's formula. The sample size in each construction block was determined using systematic method based on the proper sampling method (based on the classification and convenient assignment) after determining the sample size in each category (construction blocks) then the questionnaires were filled out by the selected members. It is found that Hamoun Channel's attention to the participation of citizens of Sis tan and Baluchistan Province in different fields has been related with the national and religious identity of people at significance level of 1%. This relationship was direct so that an increase in people's attention to the programs of Hamoun Channel in different scopes of traditions and customs, ethnics, products, economics, historical issues, and participation of people leads to increment in national-religious identity of people living in Sis tan and Baluchistan. In this case, Hamoun Channel has performed successful programs related to the national and religious identity.


  • ANALYSIS OF HORIZONTAL SHEAR STRENGTH OF PRECAST PRESTRESSED CONCRETE SLAB AND CONCRETE TOPPING COMPOSITES
  • Duttawan Wilaiwong* , and Somphothi Vivitkeyoonvong (Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900, THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.37

    Keywords: Composite section; Horizontal shear stress; Roughened surface; Three-point load test.

    This study aims to compare the horizontal shear strength at the interface between precast prestressed concrete slabs and concrete toppings under three different slab surface conditions: smooth or unintentionally roughened (Type 1), intentionally roughened by 3mm latitudinal indentations (Type 2), and intentionally roughened by 6mm latitudinal indentations (Type 3). The theoretical values for shear strengths for all types of the concrete slab-topping composites were compared to the experimental values calculated from vertical deflection and strain values which were obtained using the Three-Point Bending Test. The characteristics of the failures were also examined. The study shows that the horizontal shear strength and the deflection depend on the roughness of the surface of the concrete slabs. When compared to Type 1 concrete slabs under the load of 1,300kg, the concrete slabs with roughened surfaces showed stronger horizontal shear stress (by the factor of 1.148 for Type 3 and 1.089 for Type 2) and less deflection (by the factor of 1.113 for Type 3 and 1.053 for Type 2). The results highlight the importance of the roughened surface of the concrete slabs in enhancing the horizontal shear strength in the concrete slab-topping composites which could be of great benefit to engineering applications.


  • A NOVEL SECURE WIRELESS HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS FOR MEDICAL COMMUNITY
  • Mohammed Alshehri*(College of Computer and Information Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, SAUDI ARABIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.38

    Keywords: Community Cloud for Healthcare (CCH); Community Cloud of Certifying Authority (CCCA); Wireless Medical Sensor Networks (WMSN); Scyther tool; BAN logic.

    The exponential advancements in the realm of wearable biosensor and wireless communication technologies has paved the way to a new technology called Wireless Medical Sensor Networks (WMSNs) which is revolutionizing mobile healthcare. This work is motivated from ABI research report that all the healthcare infrastructures are prone to attacks which includes Cloud, IOT Wearable Devices, Mobile Network Operator (MNO) and Secure Element (SE) of the patient. There are many challenges in implementation including adversaries exploiting vulnerabilities in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) thereby compromising patient's vital information. This article proposes a Secure and Anonymous Health (SAH) Monitoring System using Wireless Medical Sensor Networks (WMSN). SAH overcomes all the flaws in the existing literature by adopting Community Cloud for Healthcare (CCH) and Community Cloud of Certifying Authority (CCCA). SAH framework ensures all the security properties and withstands all the known attacks. SAH protocol is verified with scyther tool and BAN logic so we claim that SAH framework ensures all the security properties such as confidentiality, integrity, non-repudiation, and authentication are ensured and withstands all the known attacks which includes multi-protocol attacks.


  • EFFECT OF MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI ON MACRONUTRIENTS AND MICRONUTRIENTS IN THE WHITE SEEDLESS GRAPE ROOTS UNDER THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS
  • Mohammad Aslanpour (Mohammad Omar Aziz) *(Department of Horticulture, University of Raparin, Rania, Sulaimany, IRAQ ),
    Hamed Doulati Baneh (Horticulture Crops Research Department, West Azerbaijan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Uremia, IRAN ),
    Ali Tehranifar, Mahmoud Shoor (Horticultural Sciences and Landscape Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.39

    Keywords: Water stress condition; Drought resistance; Mycorrhiza plant; Glomus fungi; Horticulture; Grapevine.

    To determine effect of infected roots of seedless white currant grape with three species of Mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus fasiculatu, intraradices Glomus, and Glomus mosseae) and macro and micronutrients in leaves and roots under the water stress conditions, this factorial experiment in the randomized complete block design with four treatments. The results indicated that increase in drought stress led to reduction in the factors including shoot growth, number of leaves, leaf level, root dry weight, and shoot dry weight. Inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi had a positive effect on the above-mentioned traits compared with control group; in this case, the highest positive effect was on the root phosphorus uptake, root dry weights and root zinc uptake among the fungal treatment traits. Intraradices Glomus fungi had the highest positive effect on the interaction between the fungi and water stress for copper in the root and the least amount of manganese. There was not any different treatment between irrigation levels of 25% and 50% under the water stress conditions.


  • ANALYSIS OF ORGANIZATIONS WITH A CIRCULAR STRUCTURE (DEMOCRATIC HIERARCHY)
  • Mohammad reza Hamidizadeh*, Sina Saeedi Asl (Department of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.40

    Keywords: Organizational structure; Structural variables; Content variables; Circular organizational structure.

    This study main objective was an analysis of organizations with a circular structure (democratic hierarchy). This was an analytical descriptive study and library resources are used to gather information, and content analysis is used to analyze the data. Results showed that circular structures have little management levels and small senior management team. The structure can meet lots of hierarchical limitations and can also cause slowdown of decision making and implementation process. It can also decrease high costs of management for inter-department relates and organizational hierarchy. It enables organization to consume its resources to provide service for customers (whether the customers within organization or out of organization). Circular structures are rounded structures, which pay attention to processes and try to preserve the advantages of vertical and horizontal nature.


  • GEOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF TIBIOFEMORAL KNEE JOINT: TOWARDS COMPUTER AIDED TREATMENT (CAT) PLANNING
  • Humera Tariq* (Department of Computer Science, University of Karachi, Karachi, PAKISTAN ),
    Syed Faraz (Center for Intelligent Signal and Imaging Research (CISIR), Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Tronoh, Perak, MALAYSIA ),
    Asia Samreen (Department of Computer Science, Bahria University, Karachi, PAKISTAN ),
    Usman Amjad (Department of Computer Science, University of Karachi, Karachi, PAKISTAN ),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.41

    Keywords: Bone Modeling; Joint Modeling; Varus; Valgus; Joint space width; Anatomic axis Angle; Condylar angle.

    Two Dimensional Geometric Analysis and Modeling become increasingly important in computer-aided treatment (CAT) planning, non-invasive surgical processes, computer-aided diagnostic (CAD), computer aided modeling (CAM) and disease progression. The purpose of this article is to present a computer-aided geometrical analysis of tibiofemoral joint from knee radiographs from a computing perspective. Lateral and Medial Joint Space Width (JSW), anatomical axis angle (AAA), Femorotibial angle (FTA), Condylar Plateau Angle (CPA), Condylar Angle (CA) and Tibial Plateau Angle (TPA) has been Quantified with novel linear algebra abstractions with an intention to use in 3D Joint Modeling and Animation. Edge pixel Detection, curve modeling, and linear regression have been expended as key methods to estimate anatomical axes and respective angles. Implementation details of methodology have been presented in the form of code listing. Quantification of aforementioned knee parameters has been successfully quantified with 85% accuracy over an originally acquired patient dataset in DICOM (Digital Imaging and COmmunications in Medicine) Format.


  • INVESTIGATION OF THE SHOOT LENGTH, NUMBER OF LEAVES, LEAF AREA, FRESH AND DRY WEIGHT OF BRANCH, ROOT, AND LEAF OF THE WHITE SEEDLESS GRAPE
  • Mohammad Aslanpour (Mohammad Omar Aziz) *(Department of Horticulture, University of Raparin, Rania, Sulaimany, IRAQ ),
    Hamed Doulati Baneh (Horticulture Crops Research Department, West Azerbaijan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Uremia, IRAN ),
    Ali Tehranifar, Mahmoud Shoor (Horticultural Sciences and Landscape Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.42

    Keywords: Water stress condition; Drought resistance; Growth Traits, Drought Stress, Mycorrhiza; Horticulture; Grapevine.

    In order to determine the effects of root inoculation of grape cv. Sefid bidaneh with three species of mycorrhiza fungus namely G. fasiculatum, G. intraradices and G. mosseae on the absorption of macro and microelements including phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium in leaf under drought conditions, an experiment was designed in a factorial based on randomized complete block design with four replications. The results showed that an increase in drought stress resulted in the reduction in macro and micronutrients absorption, and inoculation with mycorrhiza fungus could have a positive effect on the greater absorption of these elements compared to control. The amount of leaf phosphorus in the treatment of G. fasiculatum was the highest so that it showed a significant difference from G. mosseae and control treatments. The highest amount of potassium was found in G. mosseae treatment that showed a significant difference from other treatments. Based on the results, G. fasiculatum treatment had the highest content of magnesium, while the lowest rate was obtained in G. intraradices treatment.


  • OPTIMUM SELECTION OF TUNNEL BORING MACHINE BY USING FUZZY ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS: A CASE STUDY OF BEHESHT ABAD TUNNEL
  • Arash Ebrahimabadi*, Alireza Afradi(Department of Mining, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.43

    Keywords: Optimum selection of mechanical excavator; Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM); Fuzzy AHP; Behesht Abad water transfer tunnel.

    Tunnel boring machines (TBMs) are one of the most important miners in an excavation of tunnels and underground spaces. These machines can bore all circular cross-sections all at once. Designers and managers are to choose the most suitable type of TBM as the high price of these machines can affect the economics of the project. The main objective of this research work is to select proper TBM using multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches for excavation of Behesht Abad water transfer tunnel in central Iran. As there are many opposite criteria for machine selection, therefore, this issue is considered as a multi-criteria and complex problem. Various methods have been used and developed for the evaluation and selection of a suitable machine. One is using applicable decision making such as fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP). Fuzzy logic can help the tunneling designers in the process of the TBM selection under a fuzzy environment where the vagueness and uncertainty are taken into account with linguistic variables parameterized by triangular fuzzy numbers. The fuzzy AHP applied to form the structure of the TBM selection problem and to determine weights of the evaluation criteria, and this method utilized to acquire final ranking. Results of this study showed that doubled shielded TBM is the most suitable option for excavating Behesht Abad tunnel.



    Vol.10(4) (2019)

  • ECONOMIC AND MATHEMATICAL MODELING IN THE SYSTEM OF PRECISION AGRICULTURE
  • G.A. Beznosov (Federal State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FGBOU VO Uralsky GAU), Ekaterinburg, Karl Liebknecht st., 42, RUSSIA ),
    E.A. Skvortsov (Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620002, Mira st., 19, RUSSIAN FEDERATION ),
    A.N. Semin (Ural State Economic University, Ekaterinburg, March 8 st. / Narodnaya Volya st., 62/45620144 RUSSIAN FEDERATION ),
    K.V.Nekrasov (Ural State University of the Railway Transport, Ekaterinburg, Ekaterinburg, Kolmogorov Street, 66, RUSSIA ),
    N.V. Ziablitckaia, V.I. Nabokov (South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, pr.Lenina, 76, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.44

    Keywords: Economic model, optimization of production costs, resource saving, precision farming.

    The article suggests an economic and mathematical tool for optimization of production costs as a tool for justifying the efficiency of resource-saving production methods in the precision farming system. In particular, an economic and mathematical model of optimization of resource saving in agricultural production has been developed, which provides the most objective, in comparison with known analogues, justification of certain resource-saving technologies for the agricultural production due to integrated consideration of natural and production factors, including the difference in the amount of production resources at areas with various agrochemical characteristics; these characteristics were identified on the basis of soil tests, crop losses, depending on a technology of crop cultivation, a degree of reproduction of soil fertility, a product quality and the environmental safety of production. The practical implementation of precision farming technologies is based on capabilities of modern geo-information systems GLONASS. Thus, the conducted studies suggest that economic and mathematical modeling, as one of the elements of the economic mechanism of resource saving, can be successfully used to optimize resource consumption in agricultural production. The approbation of the improved economic and mathematical model has proved a possibility of more accurate and objective justification of the use of one or another resource-saving method (technology) of production.


  • INVESTIGATION OF SHIGELLA LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES EFFECTS ON IMMUNITY STIMULATION OF HOST CELLS
  • Amir Yaghoubi Nezhad (Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Islamic Azad University Karaj Branch, Alborz, IRAN ),
    Somayyeh Heidary (Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, MALAYSIA ),
    Atefeh Mehrabi Far (Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Masoumeh Piryaei (Department of Biology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Seyed Mojtaba Mostafavi* (College of Science and Engineering, University of Tasmania, AUSTRALIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.45

    Keywords: Cell Extracts; Laboratory Conditions; Intrinsic Immunity; Lipopolysaccharide; Shigella strain; Shigella extract; cDNA Synthesis; TLR.

    Shigella is a human shigellosis and its lipopolysaccharide is identified by 4TLR. The 4TLR is a family of pseudo-TOLL receptors and many immune routes are triggered by stimulating these receptors. Many studies show increasing of 4TLR expression in Mesenchyme stem cells under the influence of lipopolysaccharide. The main objective of this study was to identify the appropriate lipopolysaccharide of Shigella strains by stimulating the immune system for vaccine studies. In this experimental study, the stem cell of human Mesenchymal derived from bone marrow was treated by three dilutions of 0.1, 0.01, and 0.001 extract of Shigella strains (Flexneri, Dysentery, and Sonnei) containing lipopolysaccharide. Then, the expression of 4TLR at RNA level was evaluated by RT-PCR and Q-PCR techniques. Cells treated with phosphate buffer saline were considered as control group. The expression of 4TLR was observed in all treatments groups except for treatment groups with relative concentration of 0.001 sonnei and dysentery as well as control group. Changes in 4TLR expression were dose-dependent on all treatment groups. The highest expression was related to the treatment with Shigella Flexneri extract and the smallest was related to Shigella sonnei. The use of pure lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli as a positive control showed that the lipopolysaccharide in Shigella extract is responsible for increasing the expression of 4TLR. Given the increased expression of 4TLR by Shigella extract, this extract is recommended to increase the efficacy of the vaccine.


  • MICRO-HARDNESS PROFILE AND MICROSTRUCTURE CHARACTERIZATION IN FRICTION-STIR-PROCESSING ZONE OF THE ZrO2/CNT NANO-COATED ST37 STEEL
  • Seyed Mohammad Hossein Sharifi *, Armin Sabetghadam-Isfahani (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Petroleum University of Technology (PUT), Ahvaz Faculty, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.46

    Keywords: Metal Fabrication; SZ; TMAZ; HAZ Phases; Zener Pinning Effect; Zirconium dioxide; Nano-coating Dispersing; Diamond Pyramid Hardness.

    The effect comparison of applying Friction Stir Processing (FSP) with two different Nanoparticles; CNT (Carbon Nano Tubes) and ZrO2, on St37 steel Micro-hardness changes has been investigated. In FSP fabrication method, the rotational speed was 900 rpm and the traverse speed was 100 mm/min. The obtained Micro-hardness results from both Nano-particles have been compared with the one in Base Metal (BM). Both Nanoparticles (CNT and ZrO2) were tested in the same total dominant condition. It is note-able that the nugget zones' Micro-hardness of both FSP Nano-coated samples have experienced a great promotion in comparison to the one in BM. However, the CNT one allocates a greater promotion slope to itself. By comparing the three fabrication zone products (Nugget Zone, TMAZ, HAZ); it will be understood that CNT sample experiences a greater difference between three fabrication zones rather than the ZrO2 ones.


  • IMPACT OF INDIVIDUAL AND PROFESSIONAL ASPECTS OF EMPLOYEE BEHAVIOR ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCES FROM PAKISTANI BANKING SECTOR
  • Muhammad Umair Raza, Adnan Adeel, Muhammad Nazam (Institute of Business Management Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, PAKISTAN ),
    Rana Shahid Imdad Akash (Faculty of Management Sciences, Department of Business Administration, University of Sargodha Women Campus, Faisalabad, PAKISTAN ),
    Muhammad Hashim c,(Department of Management Sciences, National Textile University, Faisalabad, PAKISTAN ),
    Jamil Ahmad *, Muhammad Imran Khan (Department of management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus, PAKISTAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.47

    Keywords: Relationship management; Factor analysis; Satisfaction of clients; Customers' expectations; Commercial banking; employee service behavior.

    Employee behavior plays an important role in convincing bank clients; conversely, there is a scarcity of study which emphasized the individual and professional features of employee behavior and their effects on client`s satisfaction. Therefore, this study provides a good detail regarding influence of bank employee service behavior on customer satisfaction. Sample population was 200 clients with functional bank accounts in four commercial banks of Pakistan. A close-ended questionnaire was employed for collection of data by conducting survey. The analysis of data was performed by employing various statistical techniques such as descriptive statistics and multiple regressions. The key findings evidently indicate significant influence of both individual (Individual traits and Individual marketing skills) and professional (Professional knowledge and Professional marketing skills) features of employee behavior on the satisfaction of clients. This study also showed that individual features of service behavior of employee have great influence on the satisfaction of clients than professional aspects. Finally, it found that bank staff's individual and professional features positively and significantly affect satisfaction of their customers; while, individual features have revealed a dominance in forecasting the clients' satisfaction.


  • MEDIATING ROLES OF WORK AUTONOMY AND LEADER-FOLLOWER EXCHANGES IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORK ENGAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR
  • Roohollah Samiee* (Department of Management, AliAbad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, AliAbad Katoul, IRAN ),
    Hossein DidehKhani (Department of Industrial Engineering, AliAbad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, AliAbad Katoul, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.48

    Keywords: Job autonomy; Staff's attitude; Leader-member exchange; Smart PLS; Leader-follower interaction.

    Employee behavior plays an important role in convincing bank clients; conversely, there is a scarcity of study which emphasized the individual and professional features of employee behavior and their effects on client`s satisfaction. Therefore, this study provides a good detail regarding influence of bank employee service behavior on customer satisfaction. Sample population was 200 clients with functional bank accounts in four commercial banks of Pakistan. A close-ended questionnaire was employed for collection of data by conducting survey. The analysis of data was performed by employing various statistical techniques such as descriptive statistics and multiple regressions. The key findings evidently indicate significant influence of both individual (Individual traits and Individual marketing skills) and professional (Professional knowledge and Professional marketing skills) features of employee behavior on the satisfaction of clients. This study also showed that individual features of service behavior of employee have great influence on the satisfaction of clients than professional aspects. Finally, it found that bank staff's individual and professional features positively and significantly affect satisfaction of their customers; while, individual features have revealed a dominance in forecasting the clients' satisfaction.


  • EVALUATING THE ABSORPTION RATE OF MACRO AND MICROELEMENTS IN THE LEAF OF GRAPE Sefid Bidaneh cv. UNDER DROUGHT CONDITIONS
  • Mohammad Aslanpour (Mohammad Omar Aziz) *(Department of Horticulture, University of Raparin Rania, Sulaimany, IRAQ ),
    Hamed Doulati Baneh (Horticulture Crops Research Department, West Azerbaijan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Uremia, IRAN ),
    Ali Tehranifar, Mahmoud Shoor (Horticultural Sciences and Landscape Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.49

    Keywords: Water stress condition; Sefid Bidaneh Grape; Drought resistance; Mycorrhiza plant; Glomus fungi; Horticulture; Grapevine.

    In order to determine the effects of root inoculation of grape Sefid bidaneh cv. with three species of mycorrhiza fungus namely G. fasiculatum, G. intraradices and G. mosseae on the absorption of macro and microelements including phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium in leaf under drought conditions, an experiment was designed in a factorial based on randomized complete block design with four replications. The results showed that an increase in drought stress resulted in the reduction in macro and micronutrients absorption, and inoculation with mycorrhiza fungus could have a positive effect on the greater absorption of these elements compared to control. The amount of leaf phosphorus in the treatment of G. fasiculatum was the highest so that it showed a significant difference from G. mosseae and control treatments. The highest amount of potassium was found in G. mosseae treatment that showed a significant difference from other treatments. Based on the results, G. fasiculatum treatment had the highest content of magnesium, while the lowest rate was obtained in G. intraradices treatment.


  • HOW DOES THE TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION COME FROM? A MULTILEVEL FRAMEWORK
  • Farhad Abbasi(Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, IRAN ),
    Mahmoud Motavasseli*(Faculty of Economics, University of Tehran, IRAN ),
    Mohammad Reza Zali, Nezameddin Faghih, Mohammad Reza Meigounpoory (Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.50

    Keywords: Innovation occurrence; Innovation and Entrepreneurship; Human needs; Innovation product; Innovation process; Source of new product.

    Technological Innovations pass through different passages or communities, hence are the multi-level phenomenon. The source of technological innovation is still an open question. The aim of this article is to contribute innovation literature by developing a multilevel conceptual framework for the process of technological innovations occurrence. The contemporary literature source of innovation is fragmented, and the dominant typology is based on the one side, supply or demand. The research focus on both demand and supply sides simultaneously are rarely observed. For successful innovations, simultaneous attention is needed on the supply and demand sides. The alternative typology is likely to be a minor step towards a theory on the innovations occurrence. In this research, we discovered the basis of the innovations types proposed by Schumpeter a hundred years ago, and so far remained mysterious. This framework is likely to be a step towards to uncover and identify the areas of innovations occurrence which can support policymakers in the field.


  • METAL-CERAMIC ENCLOSURE FOR SURFACE MOUNTING
  • Svetlana A. Mikaeva*, Maxim I. Boichuk, Angela S. Mikaeva(Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, "MIREA - Russian Technological University" RUSSIA ),
    Olga E. Zheleznikova(Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Mordovian State National Research University named after N.P. Ogaryov", RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.51

    Keywords: Digital temperature compensated crystal oscillators; Solder joint; Eutectic tin-lead solder; Metal-ceramic enclosures; Electronic industry.

    The paper is devoted to the problem of brittle fracture in gold being a component in soldered joints between the leads from a metal-ceramic vibrator enclosure and internal pads in a digital temperature compensated crystal oscillator enclosure when working on creation of a prototype batch of temperature compensated crystal oscillators GK-362 having an intended frequency. In the course of work, the gold concentration in the soldered joint was calculated and the interaction between the eutectic tin-lead solder with the internal pads of the digital thermally compensated crystal oscillators was described, and the data on characteristics of the material of the pads in the digital temperature compensated crystal oscillators were obtained to improve the quality of the soldered joints. Requirements for the material of the pads of the digital temperature compensated crystal oscillator enclosures were formulated to avoid brittle fracture in gold contained in soldered joints with the leads from a metal-ceramic vibrator enclosure. Recommendations for the production of higher quality products are given.


  • MODEL DEVELOPEMENT FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF SMART ORGANIZATIONS: CASE STUDY OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY ORGANIZATION
  • Taher Pazireh (Management and Human Resources Program, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, IRAN ),
    Gholamreza Rahimi, Farhad Nejad Irani, Nader Bohlouli (Department of Governmental Management, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.52

    Keywords: Flexible organization; smartization; least square method; decision-making; Service Innovation; Organization smartness.

    Rapid developments and globalization are among the environmental issues that are faced by organizations these days. Thus, organizations are required to adapt to such environments whose levels of complexity, inconsistency, and uncertainty are increasing constantly. In such a condition, organizations need to identify the factors affecting their flexibility smartization, and the capability of providing logical reaction, discovering opportunities, and reducing the risks in a highly competitive environment, so that to become consistent with the conditions and, thus, survive. In this study, Structural Equation Modeling was applied by using Least Squares Method and SmartPLS software to test questions and accuracy of the model. The results showed that the variables learning organization, the organization's comprehensive smartness, organizational communications, organizational management, and systemic thinking are reflection of the smart organization. Among these variables, the most influential was organizational management. The results showed a significant positive relationship between the level and components of smart organization in the Social Security Organization. This finding revealed that organizations, effectively using such systems, can achieve higher levels of systemic development and enjoy improved sets of data that enhance the overall quality of their decision-making capabilities in various situations.


  • AN INVESTIGATION ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MORNING AND EVENING PERSONALITIES AND THE RATE OF JOB BURNOUT IN NURSES USING MASLASH MODEL (CASE STUDY)
  • Laleh Noroozi (Department of Human Resources Management, Faculty of Management, Azad University of Dehaghan, IRAN ),
    Diana Gandomfeshan (Department of Business Administration Faculty of Management and Economic, Payame Noor University (PNU), IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.54

    Keywords: Depersonalization; Emotional Exhaustion; Reduction of Personality Competence; Personal Competence Feeling Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI).

    Roman text still forms the significant part of Urdu Data on Internet and there exist ample room for improvement particularly in this domain of Natural Language Processing (NLP). Existing Systems for Roman to Urdu Transliteration possesses their own strengths but work still need to be done to improve their performance. The objective of this particular research is to build a reliable Roman to Urdu Transliteration Batch Processing System with least number of manual corrections required at the user end, thus enhancing the efficiency and reliability of existing and proposed transliteration systems. Parse Tree, Transliteration Tree and novel Heuristic function have been proposed by observing key characteristic of Roman Urdu language. The work has been concluded by giving a benchmark of the proposed solution in terms of computational complexity, performance, and accuracy. Correct transliteration with high score has been found up to 78%, with a low score they found to be 21% while the wrong transliteration would be only 0.53% for all tested word. Some limitations of the algorithms which are: (1) Sometimes it gets the translation correct but ranks are too low to be within the tolerance. This can be mitigated by using a better heuristic function. (2) Sometimes it generates too many correct translations which are in principle correct but invalid when considering the context.


  • ECONOMICS AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN MODERN RUSSIA: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • Bruz Vladimir Vilenovich (Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.55

    Keywords: Engineering products; Labor productivity; Investment resources; Small and medium-sized enterprises; Non-primary exports; Modern technologies; Sanctions.

    The article deals with some problems of the Russia modern economy, as well as issues of public administration. The urgency of economic problems is caused both by foreign policy (unfair competition connected with application of sanctions), and with internal, conditioned structural features of the Russian economy, low productivity, deficit of investment resources, weak development of small and medium entrepreneurship, insufficient development of non-raw export, deficit of modern technologies and some others. The problems of public administration are related to the growing number of functions of Federal Executive bodies, the increase in the number of inspections and their extreme inefficiency. This article analyzes the state and the main problems of the modern Russian economy and public administration; to find out the main reasons for them, to consider the goals and objectives facing the state in this regard and ways to solve them. The study methods includes dialectical method, method of analysis, synthesis, comparative-historical, statistical, problem-chronological, methods of actualization, concrete and logical analysis. The study finds that the problems of the modern Russian economy are due to a number of objective and subjective factors. Some of them are associated with external factors, unfair competition of Western partners, especially the United States, using economic sanctions to achieve geopolitical superiority and ensure their national interests. However, most of the problems of the Russian economy are due to internal reasons. First of all, we are talking about the need to increase labor productivity, provide favorable conditions for the development of small and medium-sized businesses, reorientation of the economy from the export of hydrocarbons to the export of non-raw materials, high-tech products, solving problems associated with investment, active development and introduction of modern technologies. It seems that without a highly effective, scientifically sound professional public administration, the solution of the problems facing the economy of Russia will be impossible.



    Vol.10(5) (2019)

  • USER'S E-READINESS FOR E-HEALTH AND TRADITIONAL HEALTHCARE: A CASE OF DERA ISMAIL KHAN, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN
  • Qamar Afaq Qureshi, Allah Nawaz (Department of Public Administration (DPA), Institute of Political & Administrative Sciences (IPAS), Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, PAKISTAN ),
    Samiullah, Muhammad Asim Yasin*, Rafaqet Ali, Mazhar Abbas, Muhammad Imran Khan (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus, Multan Road, Vehari, PAKISTAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.57

    Keywords: Effects of Internet; Developing Countries; Government E-Policies; Healthcare services; ICTs; Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

    By February 2019, thirty million citizens will get Health-Card across Pakistan, which is the best example of E-Health systems becoming popular in Pakistan, said the Minister for National Health Services. However, User E-Readiness (UER) for E-Health (EH) is founded on users' digital literacy and acceptance of digital health services. It also depends on the user perceptions about the problems and prospects of EH. It is assumed that UER determines the success of the EH system in the country and simultaneously reduces the dependence on the traditional healthcare services (THC). Becoming a practical user needs some time to know and use digital gadgets and thereby access online services. This study measures the UER, knowledge, and practices of EH and their current relationship with THC. The Study confirms that UER is significantly and positively related to EH. The study also reveals that there is a significant and negative association between UER and THC meaning that as UER increases, the negative variation happens in THC. Further, demographic impacts of gender are critical with statistics showing that Males are scoring higher on UER and EH, but Females give a higher score on THC. There is a need to increase UER so that EH could be utilized at maximum thereby helping the government in her inability to provide physical healthcare facilities everywhere across the country.


  • EVALUATION OF THE ROLE OF PARTICIPATORY MANAGEMENT IN PRODUCTIVITY OF IRANIAN TOBACCO COMPANY, WITH THE HELP OF DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSES (DEA)
  • Mohsen Vaez Ghasemi (Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Rasht Branch, Rasht, IRAN ),
    Seyed Javad Asadi Bijaeyeh (Faculty of Business Management, Islamic Azad University of Rasht Branch, Rasht, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.58

    Keywords: Shared leadership approach; Cigarette; shared responsibility; collective leadership; DEA method.

    This article assessed the role of Participatory Management in productivity of Iranian Tobacco Company with the help of data envelopment analyses (DEA) in 2016-17. Our research method was descriptive-analytic and comparative. At first Guilan Tobacco Company was selected as accessible sample statistical society among seven provinces that have agricultural, productive and distributive units of tobacco and cigarettes. There are public productive units of an Iranian tobacco company (ITC) and private productive sections that have been set up by the Japan tobacco industry (JTI) in Iranian Tobacco Company. Japan is one of the pioneers in the application of participatory management. The two sections are directed and controlled by the Iranian Tobacco Company. The method of collecting data was through completing questionnaires, Correspondence? Interviews with Managers of different units of Guilan Tobacco Company and then 40 employees were selected as sample society by the accessible method and asked to respond the questionnaires that were contented questions about important indices for three periods, namely before 2009 and 2009-2013 and after 2013periods. Then collected data were analyzed with data envelopment analysis (DEA) method. It showed that rank scores in periods 2009-13 and after 2013 were better than before 2009 periods. The finding confirms that Participatory Management has a role and impact on the productivity of Tobacco Company by mediatory variables.


  • PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND EMISSION RELATED CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAPE (AMOUNT OF CO2, TRANSPIRATION RATE, RELATIVE WATER CONTENT, LEAF TEMPERATURE, PHOTOSYNTHESIS INDEX, AND CHLOROPHYLL INDEX OF FRUITS) UNDER DROUGHT STRESS CONDITIONS
  • Mohammad Aslanpour (Mohammad Omar Aziz) *(Department of Horticulture, University of Raparin Rania, Sulaimany, IRAQ ),
    Hamed Doulati Baneh (Horticulture Crops Research Department, West Azerbaijan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Uremia, IRAN ),
    Ali Tehranifar, Mahmoud Shoor (Horticultural Sciences and Landscape Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.59

    Keywords: Water stress condition; Photosynthesis-related traits; Water deficit; Drought resistance; Mycorrhiza plant; Photosynthetic performance; Chlorophyll; Horticulture; Grapevine.

    To determine effect of inoculated roots of seedless white currant grape with three species of Mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus fasiculatu, Glomus intraradices, and Glomus mosseae) on some characteristics including net photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, under-stomatal CO2, photosynthesis rate, amount of chlorophyll, leaf temperature, and leaf's relative water content under drought stress conditions, an experiment was designed in a factorial based on randomized complete block design with four replications. The results indicated that an increase in drought stress led to a reduction in the factors including shoot growth, a number of leaves, leaf level, root dry weight, and shoot dry weight. In comparison with control treatments, inoculation with mycorrhiza fungi had a positive effect on the aforementioned traits so that fungal treatment had the highest effect on chlorophyll index in a leaf of Glomus mosseae fungi. Glomus fasiculatum fungi had the highest positive effect on the index of photosynthesis index. Two Glomus intraradices and Glomus fasiculatum funguses had the most positive effects on the reduction in transpiration rate and sub-stomatal CO2. All three funguses were effective in decreasing leaf area temperature. There was not any significant difference between 25% and 50% irrigation levels under water stress conditions. There was not any difference in CO2, relative water content and transpiration rate at irrigation levels of 50% and 70%.


  • PECULIAR PROPERTIES OF THE RUSSIAN LABOUR MARKET
  • Bystritskaya A.Yu.*, Alekhina A.A., Ivanova L.A., Kriulin V.A., Nozdracheva E.N., Sukmanov E.V.(Institute of Economics and Management, Kursk State University, Kursk, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.60

    Keywords: Unemployment rate; Employment rate; Labor productivity; Employment in agricultural sector; Gender and employment; Unemployment and education level.

    In the system of economic relations, the labor market occupies an important place. Increasing employment, reducing unemployment and increasing labor productivity is one of the key problems of the transformation of socio-economic relations. In the Russian Federation in 2017 the priority program. Increase of labor productivity and support of employment was approved, however, in the program neither regional, nor gender features of the Russian labor market are taken into account. Therefore, the study examined gender, regional and professional features of the Russian labor market. The main indicators of the labor market are compared with the labor markets of the leading countries. It is revealed that unemployment rates in Russia are higher and labor productivity is lower than in the leading countries. In recent years, there has been an increase in unemployment among the population having University degrees. For agricultural workers there was a slight decrease, and in the post-crisis year there was a decrease in unemployment (the only category of workers). For the agricultural labor market, a trend was revealed � in crisis periods, when the labor markets of other industries are characterized by a slowdown or decline in the growth rate of labor productivity, the growth rate of labor productivity in the agricultural market shows a positive trend. As for other categories of workers there was a sharp increase in unemployment. The regional feature of the Russian labor market is noted. Despite the overall positive trend the reduction of unemployment in some regions (the Republic of Ingushetia and the Chechen Republic), the unemployment rate remains 3-5 times higher than the Russian indicator. It is proposed to take into account all the identified trends and problems in the development of national projects and programs.


  • EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS AND GREEN KNOWLEDGE ON GREEN PRODUCT CONSUMPTIONS WITH AN EMPHASIS ON MEDIATING ROLE OF PERCEIVED BEHAVIORAL CONTROL, PERCEIVED VALUE, ATTITUDE AND SUBJECTIVE NORM
  • Ahmad Reza Salimi(Department of MBA, Payame Noor University, P.O. BOX 1495933399, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.61

    Keywords: Green consumption; Path analysis; Green purchase intention; Green purchase attitude; Environmental behavior.

    This study examine the effects of environmental concerns and green knowledge on green product consumption with an emphasis on mediating role of perceived behavioral control, perceived value, attitude, subjective norm. This study was an applied research using descriptive survey. The participated population included 359 customers of Shahrvand stores in Tehran. This study used path analysis in LISREL® to test the measurement model and hypotheses. The results showed that effects of environmental concerns were significant and positive on green purchase attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, perceived value and green purchase intention. Effects of green knowledge were significant and positive on green purchase attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, perceived value and green purchase intention. Effect of green purchase attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control was positive and significant on green purchase intention, while effect of perceived value was not significant on green purchase intention. Indirect effect of environmental concerns and green knowledge was positive and significant on green purchase intention through green purchase attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control. The findings supported effect of environmental concerns and green knowledge on green product consumption focusing on mediating role of perceived behavioral control, perceived value, attitude and subjective norm.


  • ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIORS OF THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT NATIONALITIES TOWARDS THE USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
  • Fidan ASLANOVA * (Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, NORTH CYPRUS ),
    Huseyin GOKCEKUS (Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, NORTH CYPRUS ),
    Ibrahim TAHER ALHADL (Department of Environmental Education and Management, Faculty of Education Science, Near East University, Nicosia, NORTH CYPRUS )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.62

    Keywords: Questionnaire; Renewable energy (RE) resources; North Cyprus; Crosstabs analysis.

    One of the most significant existing environmental problems is the insufficiency of energy produced in the world to meet our energy demand. The renewable energy (RE) resources have become more critical since the majority of the required energy is provided through fossil fuel resources and such resources are exhaustible. The improvement in the availability of RE resources is possible through effective environmental education to the students, who are the future users of such resources. Within the scope of this study, a scale was applied to identify the attitudes and behaviors of university students with different nationalities on the use of renewable energy. The questionnaire used in this research was applied to 500 students of different nationalities, who are studying at the universities located in the northern part of Cyprus in 2015-2016. Multiple basic to specific queries are asked to learn their knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors towards RE. The Crosstabs analysis to evaluate the impact on variables. Findings indicate that students from many countries with major resources of fossil fuels, there is a significant need for education for students regarding the necessity of using renewable and green energies. The results showed that Egypt education was more knowledgeable of the uses and the nature of RE technologies.


  • SYSTEM DYNAMICS MODELING OF OLIGOPOLY MARKET BASED ON GAME THEORY
  • Ali Mohammadi (School of Economic, Management and Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, IRAN ),
    Ehsan Javanmardi* (Institute for Grey Systems Studies, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, CHINA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.63

    Keywords: Game theories; System dynamics; Oligopoly markets; Dynamical system game theories.

    This study proposes a theoretical framework that can describe the dynamic dimensions of the game environment and the factors affecting it, and can model the impacts of decisions on the environment and vice versa, through an application of system dynamics. At first, a conceptual model was formulated for oligopoly markets, based on the dynamical system game theory. Following that, corporates' decision-making mechanisms were formulated in an oligopoly market, and the observations showed that the Structure of the demand function served as the central element in determining the Nash equilibrium and players' optimal decisions. Then, three variables, namely cost, quality, and advertisement were considered as decision variables of the problem, and ultimately the final causal game model was designed. The sample under study was the Iranian white cement export market. Results of simulation revealed that the important parameters of the model, including demand volume, profit rate, and cost, tended toward equilibrium after a fluctuating transition period. Solving the model through common game theory methods would not make it possible to investigate the behaviors of the system in the long run, nor to observe the transition period. The key innovation of this research is to propose a conceptual model of game in dynamical systems, by taking into account multiple decision variables.


  • HEAT EXCHANGE MODELING ON THE AIRCRAFT SURFACE UNDER HYPERSONIC SPEED OF THE APPROACH FLOW
  • A.A. Chernykh*, A.I.Sharapov, A.V. Peshkova (Department of Industrial Heat and Power Engineering, Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA ),
    Y.V. Shatskikh (National Research, University MPEI, Moscow, Russia. )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.64

    Keywords: Heat flow on Aircraft; Aircraft simulation; Hypersonic flight speed; Hypersonic aircraft; Flow temperature; Heat exchange simulation; Navier-Stokes equations.

    The paper discusses the principles of modeling thermal interaction between aircraft protective coatings and approach flow. This work has developed software with relation to the flight of aircraft moving at high supersonic speeds combined functional setting for boundary conditions of various types particularly parameters of the atmosphere and hypersonic aircraft (HA) prototype material, reference flight conditions, parameters of the approach flow, etc. In this study, the hypersonic gas flow is considered as chemically nonequilibrium medium, which is an intermediate state of equilibrium and stagnated flows. The results from the numerical simulation of heat exchange on the winged vehicle surface at hypersonic flow rate are given.


  • PLANNING AND MANAGING RESTRICTIONS AND BARRIERS TO TOURISM DEVELOPMENT BETWEEN IRAN AND CHINA
  • Maryam Abili, Yan Zhao (School of Management and Engineering, Shanghai University, CHINA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.65

    Keywords:Tourism geopolitics; Tourism destination; Tourism restrictions; Tourism supply and demand; Tourism between Iran and China.

    The purpose of this research was to identify the obstacles resulted in the lack of development of tourism between Iran and China. There are some research hypotheses that were tested in the study. According to the results, what is considered as a weakness in the development of tourism industry between Iran and China in Iran and preventing the attraction of Chinese tourists to Iran is Interacting with foreign banks, Traffic and transit status, How to provide health services and its types and quality, Passenger services, including ground and air vehicles and passenger terminals, The performance of tourism management at high levels, Electronic Tourism, Degree of conformity of quality of tourism facilities of Iran with international standards including hotels, and restaurants. This work proposes suitable solutions for tourism product promotion.


  • IMPROVED COLOR CONSTANCY ALGORITHMS USING FUZZY TECHNIQUE
  • Parastoo Fathi*, Mohsen Ebrahimi Moghadam (Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Shahid Beheshti University, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.66

    Keywords:Fuzzy clustering-based algorithm; Color space; Color constancy algorithm selection; Diagonal mapping; Fuzzification.

    Color constancy is the ability to recognize the color of objects independent of the light source luminance. Color processing and especially color constancy performs an important role in computer vision and image processing applications such as image retrieval, image classification, color object recognition, and object tracking. Color constancy is usually understood as the task of finding descriptors which are invariant to illumination changes in surfaces of a scene while correcting colors in an image is considered as a different phase. This paper proposes a new combinational method based on fuzzy method and clustering to estimate the chromaticity of the light source as the major step of color constancy. In this algorithm, after fuzzification different features of the image by using a clustering algorithm estimates the light source illuminant. To verify the proposed method, four well-known algorithms were selected based on the best algorithm by the proposed approach. In selecting these methods, it was tried to choose the ones which had better performance in comparison to other methods. It is shown in this article that the proposed approach performs better than other proposed methods for color constancy most of the time.


  • OPTIMIZATION OF PRODUCTIVE COSTS ON THE BASIS OF THE MARGINAL UTILITY
  • G.A. Beznosov* (Federal State Budgetary Educational Establish of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FGBOU VO Uralsky GAU) Ekaterinburg, Karl Liebknecht ul.,42, RUSSIA ),
    N.V. Ziablitckaia (South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, pr.Lenina, 76, RUSSIA ),
    L.A. Novopashin, L.V. Denyozhko, A.A. Sadov (Federal State Budgetary Educational Establish of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FGBOU VO Uralsky GAU) Ekaterinburg, Karl Liebknecht ul.,42, RUSSIA ),
    N.K. Pryadilina (Ural State Forest Engineering University, Ekaterinburg, 620100, Siberian tract, 37, RUSSIAN FEDERATION )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.67

    Keywords: Marginal utility; economic mechanism of resource saving; Optimization of production costs; algorithm for allocation of production resources.

    Color constancy is the ability to recognize the color of objects independent of the light source luminance. Color processing and especially color constancy performs an important role in computer vision and image processing applications such as image retrieval, image classification, color object recognition, and object tracking. Color constancy is usually understood as the task of finding descriptors which are invariant to illumination changes in surfaces of a scene while correcting colors in an image is considered as a different phase. This paper proposes a new combinational method based on fuzzy method and clustering to estimate the chromaticity of the light source as the major step of color constancy. In this algorithm, after fuzzification different features of the image by using a clustering algorithm estimates the light source illuminant. To verify the proposed method, four well-known algorithms were selected based on the best algorithm by the proposed approach. In selecting these methods, it was tried to choose the ones which had better performance in comparison to other methods. It is shown in this article that the proposed approach performs better than other proposed methods for color constancy most of the time.


  • MODELING THE PROCESS OF MECHANICAL OSCILLATIONS OF HELICAL SPRINGS
  • Vyacheslav V. Rodin* (Department of Metrology, Standardization, and Certification, National Research Mordovia State University, 68 Bolshevistskaya Str., Saransk 430005, Republic of Mordovia, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.68

    Keywords: Kirchhoff equilibrium equations; Clebsch equations; modeling for springs, elasticity, force condition.

    The present article is devoted to the development of a mathematical model of oscillations of cylindrical helical springs under the action of external mechanical forces. The article is devoted to the equations of oscillations of spatial rods. The necessary assumptions to consider are the oscillations, Kirchhoff equilibrium equations, and the additional Clebsch equations that allow one to solve them. The system of linear differential equations and conditions allow calculating the values of linear and angular displacements of the spring, by calculating the corresponding values for individual sections. The equations model make it possible to determine the arising internal forces and moments of forces during oscillations.


  • ESTIMATION OF ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT FOR PARDIS CITIZENS OF IRAN
  • Rokhshad Hejazi* (Olom Va Fonon, Department of Environmental Science, Islamic Azad University of North Branch; IRAN ),
    Zahra Haji Ghorbani Doulabi, Sepideh Alikhani (Department of Environmental Management, Islamic Azad University of North Branch, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.69

    Keywords: Human footprint; Environmental valuation; Sustainable Development; Ecological footprint method; Tehran; bio capacity; Pardis City.

    The present article is devoted to the development of a mathematical model of oscillations of cylindrical helical springs under the action of external mechanical forces. The article is devoted to the equations of oscillations of spatial rods. The necessary assumptions to consider are the oscillations, Kirchhoff equilibrium equations, and the additional Clebsch equations that allow one to solve them. The system of linear differential equations and conditions allow calculating the values of linear and angular displacements of the spring, by calculating the corresponding values for individual sections. The equations model make it possible to determine the arising internal forces and moments of forces during oscillations.




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