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:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

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ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642


FEATURE PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

Vol.10(1) (2019)

  • A STUDY OF THE CONVERGENCE OF THE BEZOUT COEFFICIENTS SEARCH ALGORITHM
  • Alisher R. Zhumaniezov (Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Kazan Federal University, Kazan 420008, RUSSIAN FEDERATION, and Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.1

    Keywords: Euclidean algorithm; extended Euclidean algorithm; k-ary algorithm for computing GCD; calculation of inverse elements modulo; parallel GCD computation

    Abstract
    Time is very valuable in modern technology era. An important indicator of the program’s work is its computational speed. This article describes the optimization of Bezout coefficients search algorithm by introduction different optimization schemes. Among all schemes, the following are chosen: K-ary, approximating and parallel approximating optimization schemes. Bezout’s equation is a representation of the greatest common divisor d of two integers A and B as a linear combination Ax+By = d, where x, and y are integers called Bezout’s coefficients. Bezout’s coefficients are counted using the extended version of the classical Euclidian Algorithm..


  • CHALLENGES OF EGOVERNMENT IMPLEMENTATION IN THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC SERVICE
  • Oleh Ezichi Kalu, and Ridzuan Masri (International University of Malaya-Wales, MALAYSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.2

    Keywords: E-Government policy; Government efficiency; Government effectiveness; Government transparency; E-management; ICT.

    Abstract
    This paper is an empirical study for the concept of continuity in architectural identity.  The aim of this paper is to measure the degree of continuity in commercial buildings design, in term of architectural identity.  Furthermore the study will illustrate the influence of heritage buildings' in constructing the continuity of architectural identity in Erbil city.  The construction of the theoretical framework will rely on a procedure of two directions, the first direction will establish a comprehensive theoretical framework (multi-dimensional model) for the concept of continuity  in architecture, while the second part will analysis  the role of heritage buildings in constructing architectural identity in commercial buildings in Erbil City.  The finding of the study indicates that the heritage buildings visual elements and its architectural cues playing a tangible role in constructing architectural identity in  buffer zones of the city but this effect is gradually decrease in other sectors due to adopting the hybrid approach by melting modern technology within architectural features of the city.


  • METHODOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION AND TREND SHAPING FOR ECONOMIC PROFILE OF POVERTY
  • Milyausha R. Zainullina (Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA ),
    Alina V. Makhiyanova, Elmira F. Khuzieva ( Kazan State Power Engineering University ),
    Rustam M. Nagimov (Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.3

    Keywords: Economic portrait; Economic activity indices; Social stratum; Development method.

    Abstract
    The change of the economic situation in the Republic of Tatarstan (Russian Federation region) gave rise to the differentiation in society according to population income level. The study proposes to assess the level of society stratification based on the population survey and statistical indicators. The article presents the author's methodology of population economic portrait development, the materials of applied sociological research are presented that demonstrate its approbation. They perform the comparative analysis of economic activity indexes, the assessments of family living standards, financial situation and the republic economy as a whole. Four new indexes are being developed and tested: the assessment of the financial situation, income and the ability to make purchases and savings, which form the basis of poverty economic portrait as a whole. The social survey is supported by the analysis of statistical indicators by the index of the gross regional product physical volume, the dynamics of unemployed number, the index of industrial production, the dynamics of monetary incomes per capita on average and by the average monthly nominal salary.


  • ANALYSIS OF CLIENT DEPENDENCE (CD) AND VENDOR INNOVATION (VI) AND THE MODERATING ROLE OF THE CORPORATE CULTURE
  • Hojjat JOUDAKI, and Erfan ABSARI* (Department of Marketing Management, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.4

    Keywords: Client dependency; Corporate culture; SPSS; PLS.; Reliability of indicators of variables.

    Abstract
    Present study was conducted to examine client dependency, vendor innovation (VI), and the moderating role of corporate culture. The study was quantitative in terms of nature, and applied in terms of purpose conducted in correlation design. The population was all employees, who were 95 people and clients of Varamin Telecommunications Department in a specified period with uncertain number.  The employees filled out VI and corporate culture questionnaires, and the clients answered client dependence (CD) questionnaire. Given the number of population members and based on Morgan's table, 76 subjects are selected for the vendor and 384 for clients.  The tool used in this study was three questionnaires: CD, VI, and corporate culture. Prior to data analysis, heuristic analysis of the data was performed. Correlation test was used to describe and measure the relationship between variables, and SPSS® and PLS (Partial Least Squares regression) software was used to test the hypotheses. The results indicated that CD affects corporate culture. Corporate culture affects VI.  Client dependency does not directly affect VI, but it has an indirect effect on VI through corporate culture.


  • CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO ECONOMIC RISK MANAGEMENT AT THE ENTERPRISES OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN BELGOROD REGION
  • Yulia Y. Golubyatnikova, Olga G. Charykova, Natalya A. Cherepovskaya, Anna N. Doborovich (Belgorod State University, Belgorod, 308015, RUSSIA ),
    Ruslan V. Lesovik, Olga V. Leonova, Svetlana L. Lesovaya, Alexandr A. Mitrohin ( Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov, Belgorod 308012 RUSSIA ),
    Irina M. Dobrydina (Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev, Orel region, Orel, 302026 RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.5

    Keywords: Risk profile; Economic risk; Agrarian sector; Risk register; Risk management algorithm; Risk analysis Risk passport; Risk assessment; Types of risk; Risk minimization measures; Risk management approach

    Abstract
    The article describes the conceptual approach to economic risks management at agroindustrial complex enterprises. This research presents the definite algorithm of risk management conception at agrarian sector enterprises. It involves the analysis of special aspects and particular characteristics of economic risks at agroindustrial complex enterprises; identifying the whole range of risks, which the enterprises under research face; allocating the place for risk management in the enterprise management system; the task of setting up a risk management system; securing the principles of economic risk management; drawing up an agroindustrial enterprise risk analysis pattern; interpreting the subsystem of coordination and control over risk management processes; interpreting the subsystem of monitoring the enterprise and its business environment; interpreting the subsystem of identifying risk factors and revealing the risk; interpreting the subsystem of risk analysis and risk assessment; interpreting the subsystem of developing measures for risk management; identifying measures of economic risk management efficiency; a general conclusion and formulation of proposals. The research resulted in drawing up an algorithm flowchart with feedback loops showing risk analysis at an agroindustrial enterprise. The chart illustrates the interaction between risk management subsystems. The article also presents an economic risk register which identifies the risks agricultural enterprises may face within the enterprise, region and country. In the table, risks are grouped into three types: macrolevel, mesolevel, and microlevel. The article also describes the concept of “risk profile”, a document containing information about risk areas, risk criteria as well as guidelines on measures to prevent or minimize risks.


  • EFFECT OF CORPORATION STRATEGY ON MARKET REACTION TO EARNING IN THE ACCEPTED CORPORATIONS OF TEHRAN STOCK EXCHANGE
  • Nahid Hosseini and Babak Jamshidinavid ( Department of Accounting, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.6

    Keywords: Corporation strategy; Market reaction to profit; Strategy of product differentiation; Strategy of expenditure leadership

    Abstract
    Leadership strategic characteristics are margin expenditure of low sale with high sale mass, economic expense to criterion ration and main investments in factories and physical properties. While differentiation strategy is followed by high sale margin which is gained by goods quality and realized branding through investment in unobvious properties such as; investment in research part, development and advertisements, the strategic characteristics have twofold effects on investor reaction to published information about corporations. This research investigates the effect of corporation strategy on market reaction to profit in the accepted corporations of Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE). Research statistic population includes 856 accepted corporations in TSE from 2012 to 2016, while 142 corporations have been chosen by systematic deletion as the research statistic sample. The research is “application oriented” in term of its aim, its data are “quantitative”, the research performance time is “sectional”, its performance logic is “deductive”, and it performance method is “descriptive, measuring and casualty”. Paneling data method is used to analyze the research data based-on the research data kind. The findings indicate that corporation strategy has a positive meaningful effect on market reaction to earning, strategy of cost leadership has a positive meaningful effect on market reaction to profit, and differentiation strategy of product has a positive meaningful effect on market reaction to profit. These findings show that corporations that follow strategy of expenditure leadership their profit publications will be explained more generally and more changes will own in average believes of stock price. In the otherwise, profit announcements of corporations that follow strategy of differentiation will be explained by inhomogeneous and lower changes will own in average believes of stock price. The research helps knowledge level gradation about sectional changes of market reaction to profit announcement. Moreover, in this research price reaction convergence and transaction mass reaction to profit announcement have been indicated in the form of anticipation situation.


  • STATISTICAL-BASED ANALYSIS ON EFFECTS OF THE DIMENSIONS OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON MARKETING CAPABILITIES IN PRIVATE BANKS
  • Foad Kouhzadi *, Afshin MirHesami , Yadollah Rashidi , Milad Kouhzadi ( Department of Management and Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Bukan Branch, Bukan, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.7

    Keywords: Staff competence; Staff insight; Staff creativity; Alpha Cronbach test; Kolmogrov-Smirnov test..

    Abstract
    In current research has already done to investigate the effect of dimensions of Human capital on Marketing Capabilities in Private Banks. Often, human capital is described as intangible assets which can be applied as capital for competitive advantage. Thus, an organization which has strong marketing, has better performance in recognition of customer’ needs and comprehension of factors which influence on customer. This organization can position its trademark as for trademarks of its rivals which can discriminate and use high profitability. The aim of research is to discuss that does human capital influence on marketing capability? The statistical population consists of managers and experts of private banks of Kurdistan province and alpha Cronbach has been used to analyze data. In order to estimate reliability, Kolmogrov-Smirnov test has been used. On discussion the effects of human capital on marketing capability, three hypothesizes were confirmed at confidence level 95% and error 5%. This research confirms that attention to human capital in internal companies increases marketing capability and it is necessary managers and researchers to consider it.


  • MULTI-CRITERIA STATISTICAL-BASED ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE AS A MODERATING FACTOR ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FREE CASH FLOW AND APPLYING THE SUITABLE ASSETS
  • Hamidreza Torang , Alireza Eskandari* (Department of Accounting, Varamin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.8

    Keywords: Corporation Ownership; Audit Committee; Statistical analysis; shareholders; ownership structure.

    Abstract
    This research seeks to investigate the relationship between free cash flow, proper use of assets and the role of moderating the ownership structure.  The sample of this study includes 94 companies listed in the list of listed companies of Tehran Stock Exchange from 1391 to 1395.  In this research, Microsoft® Excel software was used for data processing and statistical analysis of EViews®8 was used for statistical analysis.  The results of this research show a significant negative linear relationship between cash flow and the proper use of assets. The findings also show that institutional ownership and the existence of an audit committee can modify the relationship between free cash flow and the proper use of assets, that is, institutional ownership and the existence of an audit committee can make assets more appropriate.


  • ACCURACY ASSESSMENT OF L-BAND ATLAS GNSS SYSTEM IN THAILAND
  • Kritsada Anantakarn* (Division of Civil Engineering and Construction Management, Uthenthawai Campus. Rajamongala University of Technology Tawan-ok, Bangkok 10330 THAILAND),
    Boonsap Witchayangkoon (Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, Rangsit, Pathumtani, 12120 THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.9

    Keywords: GNSS; RTK; Post-Processing; L-Band, CORS; IGS; Differential GPS; PPP

    Abstract
    The L-Band ATLAS GNSS service, a new land and maritime survey technique, is described and field check for accuracy in this study. The L-Band ATLAS GNSS system is a Global Based Augmentation System (GSBAS), developed by Hemisphere GNSS Technology, as a service to enhance real-time orbit and clock generation, dual redundant delivery of corrections from ground reference network via commercial communication satellites. Having significant development of mobile internet communication, GNSS receiver navigation software can utilizeL-Band ATLAS service for land survey and civil construction works. This work, GNSS dual frequency (L1/L2) single receiver is operated in L-Band ATLAS system by static and dynamic positioning measurement modes. This paper demonstrates a system test for L-Band ATLAS system in Thailand (Bangkok and Korat test sites) that monitors and assesses the accuracy of positioning measurement during March and April 2018. The accuracy assessments are based on both International GNSS Service (IGS) and local ground reference network of Department of Land (DOL) of Thailand. Real-Time L band positioning measurement outcomes are compared with Post-Processing results from IGS and DOL by using local map projection as Indian 1975 in different UTM zone 47N (Bangkok) and UTM zone 48N (Korat) in Thailand. The accuracy meets the requirement for GIS and Surveying being 4.1 centimeter in horizontal measurement and 32 cm in vertical measurement as comparing post-processing with IGS system and 17 cm in horizontal measurement in comparing with DOL Thailand system. This paper also discusses the system integration and development for improving GNSS accuracy by using currently available international and local Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) services in Thailand.


  • ROLLER BEARING FAULT DETECTION USING EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK METHODS
  • Javad Zarekar, Mehrdad Nouri Khajavi*, Gholamhassan Payganeh (Department of Solid Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.10

    Keywords: ANN; EMD; EEMD; IMFs; Hilbert–Huang transform (HHT); Kurtosis coefficient non-stationary vibrations; time-frequency

    Abstract
    One of the methods for detection faults in structural and mechanical systems is processing vibrational signals extracted from the real system. The Hilbert–Huang transform (HHT) is a new and strong method for analyzing nonlinear and non-stationary vibrations based on time-frequency. This approach is based on decomposing a signal into empirical modes and Hilbert spectral analysis. In the current paper, first, vibrational signals of a roller bearing are decomposed into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) using ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) method and IMFs sensitive to impulse are determined by Kurtosis coefficient. Then Kurtosis and standard deviation factors are extracted from the mentioned IMFs and used for training and validating the multi layers perceptron neural network. The results of network trial showed faulty or normal roller bearing and its fault type.


  • REGIONAL ECONOMIC COMPLEX MANAGEMENT FEATURES OF RUSSIA
  • Natalia V. Arzamastseva * (Department of Political Economy, FSBEI HE RSAU - Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev, RUSSIA),
    Omar B. Ugurchiev (Department of Management, FSBEI HE - Ingush State University, RUSSIA),
    Visit A. Khamzatov(Department of Accounting, Analysis and Audit, Chechen State University, RUSSIA),
    Anzor V. Misakov (Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),
    Valery S. Misakov(Nature Management Laboratory, Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.11

    Keywords: Globalization; Regional industrial policy; Territorial industrial complexes; Competitive industrial development, Industrial restructuring

    Abstract
    OMany problems of economic potential management in a regional industrial complex are closely associated with the establishment of the effective ways to maximize the use of all potential opportunities. The article suggests the priority directions to identify and mobilize the internal reserves of the regional industrial complex in the depressed republics of the North Caucasus Federal District. The negative state of the basic economic characteristics makes it necessary to conduct a complex of studies on a rational structure development concerning the national economy. These studies are becoming highly relevant with the actualization of globalization processes and the intensification of competition in world markets. This situation makes it necessary to optimize the sectoral composition of the Russian industrial complex. A thorough review of the basic provisions is also necessary in the framework of the implemented industrial policy at all levels. At the same time, it should also be noted that there is half a dozen of RF regions against the background of globalization, which play a significant role in the country economy. All this suggests the need for deep economic research on the development of a regional industrial policy, based on the analysis of regional industrial complex competitiveness level.


  • DEVELOPING AN EVIDENCE-BASED STRATEGIC DECISION-MAKING MODEL IN INSURANCE COMPANIES
  • Vahid khashei *, Elham Sadat Sabour Abvani * (Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allame Tabataba'i University, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.12

    Keywords: Strategic gap; Confidence-seeking discourse; Mixed exploratory approach; Least squre; Strauss and Corbin's paradigm model.

    Abstract
    Management researchers have long been concerned about the fact that management research has not been widely successful in affecting the management practices. Hambrick argues that the management research mainly aims at decision making and management practices; however, the translation of academic knowledge to measures adopted by managers has practically failed. The present study sought to develop an evidence-based decision-making model in insurance companies. The present study was fundamental and applied in terms of its objective and mixed exploratory research with regard to its nature. In the qualitative part of this study, twenty directors of insurance companies and policy-making experts were selected through purposeful and snowball sampling. Moreover, one hundred seventy directors of active insurance companies participated in the quantitative part to test the model. Structural equation approach and data-based theory was used to analyze the data. Finally, an evidence-based strategic decision-making model was developed according to Strauss and Corbin's paradigm model. Further, the relationships among the research variables were examined using the partial least squares method and the validity of the relationships was confirmed.


  • ECOLOGICAL SETTLEMENTS AS ONE OF PERSPECTIVE FORMS FOR RUSSIA RURAL TERRITORY MULTIFUNCTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  • Liza A. Tsurova (Department of Finance and Credit, FSBI of HE, Ingush State University, RUSSIA)
    Magomed M. Musaev ( Department of Economics, Chechen State University, RUSSIA)
    Arsen P. Kushkhov (Department of Accounting, Analysis and Audit Department, FSBI of HE, Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov, RUSSIA)
    Anzor V. Misakov (Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),
    Valery S. Misakov(Nature Management Laboratory, Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.13

    Keywords: economic crisis; mountain regions; depressed republics;  rural territories; multifunctional development;  ecological settlements; sustainable development.

    Abstract
    Modern socio-ecological-economic processes of the rural territory functioning in the depressed republics of the North Caucasus make it necessary to rethink the rural community problems and develop new approaches, mechanisms and directions for their recovery and sustainable development. The rural settlements of the mountainous areas in the republics of the North Caucasus Federal District could not fit into market relations and lose their socio-economic purpose catastrophically in the sphere of agrarian relation organization and implementation, which threatens with unpredictable consequences not only for the socio-economic, but also for the political sphere. In these conditions, the strategic task for the future is to conduct structural and functional transformations of rural areas, to develop new qualities and characteristics, which allow to adapt to changing external socio-economic conditions.


  • MECHANICAL STRENGTH EVALUATION OF PULSED ND-YAG LASER WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL 304L
  • F Vakili Tahami (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IRAN),
    E Safari (Faculty of Physics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IRAN),
    H Halimi Khosroshahi ( Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.14

    Keywords: Nd-YAG laser beam; Laser Welding; Mechanical Properties; High Temp Tensile; Creep test.

    Abstract
    This work focused on the welding of austenitic stainless steel 304L using the laser beam welding technique, in the room and high temperatures. Two pieces of the AISI 304L sheet with thickness of one millimeter are arranged on a special fixture and welded under the protection of high purity argon gas. For laser welding, a pulsed Nd-YAG laser beam with the beam frequency of 20 Hz, the welding speed of 84.5 millimeters per second, the pulse width of 6.5 milliseconds, and the average beam power of 220 watts are used. After welding, the samples of the tensile test cut using an electrical discharge machine, for tensile tests. The uniaxial tensile tests carried out at room and high temperature. Tensile tests have shown that it is possible to perform the laser joining of this alloy, and suitable joints can be obtained with this technique so that the average strength of joints is equal to 73.5% of the base alloy strength in the room temperature, and 64.7% of the base alloy strength at high temperature.


    Vol.10(2) (2019)

  • AN INVESTIGATION ON EFFECTIVENESS OF THE EDUCATIONAL SHORT-TERM TRAINING COURSES IN AN IRANIAN OIL COMPANIES
  • Diana Gandomfeshan (Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.15

    Keywords: Middle-class Managers; one sample t-test; Cronbach's alpha method; Manager training courses.

    Abstract
    This study investigated the effect of short-term training courses on knowledge, attitude and performance of middle-class managers in Iran Oil Company. Among the total of middle-class managers of the Iran Central areas Oil Companies in cities of Tehran, Shiraz, Mashhad and Kermanshah, 100 managers were selected as a sample using simple random sampling (number of statistical society is 133 middle- class managers). Using descriptive research method and using a researcher-made questionnaire containing 77 questions in four options (based on the Likert spectrum), the viewpoints of middle-ranking managers regarding the effect of short-term training courses on their knowledge, attitude and performance it was measured. The reliability of knowledge questions , the level of reliability of the attitude and the reliability of the questions of performance were obtained. Data were analyzed using inferential statistics (one way analysis of variance, one sample t- test, Cronbach alpha method – for determining the reliability of the questionnaire, multivariate regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient). The results of this research that have been carried out using a questionnaire, show that short-term training courses of middle-class managers is effective in increasing knowledge, improving positive attitudes in managers, their performance and among the variables studied, the variable of attitude has an effect on improving the performance of middle-class managers.


  • MULTIFUNCTIONALITY OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION RURAL TERRITORIES WITHIN THE CONDITION OF DIVERSIFIED RURAL ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT
  • Natalia V. Prokhorova * (Department of Political Economy, FSBEI HE RSAU - Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev, RUSSIA)
    Avgustina B. Urusova (Department of Finance and Credit, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education North Caucasus State Academy, RUSSIA)
    Bela M. Musaeva (Department of Enterprise Economics, FSBEI of HE, Chechen State University, RUSSIA),
    Anzor V. Misakov (Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),
    Valery S. Misakov(Nature Management Laboratory, Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIA),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.16

    Keywords: Economic crisis; depressed state; rural territories; agriculture; market economy; diversification; competition.

    Abstract
    The transition to market relations, the departure from the planned economy destroyed the economic entities of Russian Federation rural territories, and also caused new socio-ecological and economic problems.  This is despite the fact that agriculture is a life-supporting sector of the national economy by its nature and the country food security depends on it. Today, one of the priority strategic tasks aimed at an unacceptable differentiation of rural settlement reduction is their diversification.  It is carried out through the involvement of unused internal reserves in the turnover and sustainable development AIC branches on this basis, whose products always have an increased market demand. Under these conditions, the transition of rural areas to the rails of diversified development is of paramount importance, which will create the maximum possible diversity of economic forms and activities in the countryside, use the resources of the territories comprehensively, ensure rural employment and reduce social tensions.


  • EFFECTIVE FACTORS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF PERFORMANCE BUDGETING IN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: CASE STUDY OF ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY
  • Ebrahim Kheradmand (Department of Management, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN)
    Naser Khani * (Department of Management, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.17

    Keywords: Financial planning; knowledge management; organizational factors; grounded theory; performance-based budgeting.

    Abstract
    This study aimed to identify organizational factors effective in implementing performance-based budgeting in educational organizations, case study of Islamic Azad University. The related results in other countries, administrative systems, domestic universities and previous research in identifying effective organizational factors and challenges in higher education and the development and implementation of performance-based budgeting have been investigated. The approach of the research is looking for describing the meaning of the experience of people on organizational factors affecting the implementation of the performance budget of educational organization particularly, the Islamic Azad University. The population of the study, according to the subject and objectives of the research consisted of treasurers, financial planning, plans and budgets managers, provincial administrative and financial deputies and a number of heads of university departments that deal on the budget. This study used qualitative interview technique to collect data. Reliability and validity were also considered. The results of this study showed that the most important organizational indicators effective in implementation of the performance budgeting system include the ability to manage planning, ability to manage information systems, motivation capabilities, change management capabilities, knowledge management capabilities and performance skills and ability to manage processes.


  • THE METHOD OF BOUNDARY STATES IN PROBLEMS OF TORSION OF ANISOTROPIC CYLINDERS OF FINITE LENGTH
  • Ivanychev D.A.* (Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA)
    Levina E.Yu. (Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman, Moscow, RUSSIA)
    Abdullakh L.S., and Glazkova Yu. A.(Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, RUSSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.18

    Keywords: Boundary state method; Torsion analysis; Anisotropic bodies; Saint-Venant problem; State spaces.

    Abstract
    The work is devoted to the development of the boundary state method for the class of problems of torsion of cylindrical bodies with a nontrivial cross-sectional shape made from anisotropic materials. At the ends of the final cylinder, the forces are specified, resulting in torsion moments. The concepts of the spaces of internal and boundary states for an anisotropic medium are formulated. The theory of constructing bases of these spaces was developed using the general solution of Lekhnitsky. The basis of internal states includes the components of the displacement vector, the strain tensor, and the stress tensor. The basis of the boundary states includes the forces at the boundary of the cylinder, and the displacement of the boundary points. Scalar products are introduced in each of the spaces. In the basis of internal states, the scalar product expresses the internal energy of elastic deformation. In the basis of boundary states, it expresses the work of external forces. An isomorphism of the state space is established, which establishes a one-to-one correspondence between their elements. Isomorphism allows the search for the internal state to be reduced to the study of the boundary state that is isomorphic to it. The state spaces are orthogonalized and the desired state is decomposed into a Fourier series in terms of the orthonormal basis elements, where the given surface forces act as coefficients. The problem is solved for a cylinder whose cross section is in the shape of an I-beam made of anisotropic material. Signs of convergence of the solution are given. The main features of the problem solution are formulated. The results are presented in graphical form.


  • DIAGNOSIS OF GEAR TOOTH FRACTURE USING EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION
  • Javad Zarekar, Gholamhassan Payganeh*, Mehrdad Nouri Khajavi (Department of Solid Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.19

    Keywords: Time Domain (TD); EMD; intrinsic mode function (IMF); Fast Fourier Transform (FFT); Fault detection; Hilbert transform.

    Abstract
    The important issue in gear fault diagnosis is to extract the dependable fault characteristics from the vibration signal of gearbox. Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is a substantial time-frequency tool for adaptively decomposing vibration signals into a collection of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs); a fault feature can be extracted from one of IMFs to determine the fault location and fault level of a gear or bearing in the mechanical drive system. In this paper, a multi-harmonic vibration model of a gearbox with fault modulation is presented, a conventional demodulation analysis using Hilbert transform is introduced, and the EMD is illustrated. The EMD are applied to processing field vibration signals collected from a gearbox to detect a gear fault. The results show that EMD can extract the fault modulation information.


  • BIOLOGICAL SAFETY OF COWS’ MILK UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF TECHNOGENIC AGRICULTURAL ECOSPHERE WHEN USING BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES
  • Irina Donnik, Olga Bykova (Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FSBEI HE Ural SAU), 42, K. Liebknechta St., Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA),
    Anna Krivonogova, Albina Isaeva (Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FSBEI HE Ural SAU), 42, K. Liebknechta St., Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA and Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution, Ural Federal Agrarian Scientific Research Centre, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences” (FSBSI UrFASRC, UrB of RAS), 112 А, Belinskogo St., Еkaterinburg, RUSSIA),
    Olga Loretts* , Anna Baranova, Nina Musikhina, Anastasia Romanova (Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University, (FSBEI HE Ural SAU), 42, K. Liebknechta St., Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.20

    Keywords: technogenic agricultural pollution; diary produce; chemical substances; biologically active substances; biological safety; Heavy metal.

    Abstract
    The important issue in gear fault diagnosis is to extract the dependable fault characteristics from the vibration signal of gearbox. Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is a substantial time-frequency tool for adaptively decomposing vibration signals into a collection of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs); a fault feature can be extracted from one of IMFs to determine the fault location and fault level of a gear or bearing in the mechanical drive system. In this paper, a multi-harmonic vibration model of a gearbox with fault modulation is presented, a conventional demodulation analysis using Hilbert transform is introduced, and the EMD is illustrated. The EMD are applied to processing field vibration signals collected from a gearbox to detect a gear fault. The results show that EMD can extract the fault modulation information.


  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) OF SOUTH PARS SPECIAL ZONE (ASSALOOYEH) IN CREATING A STABLE ENVIRONMENT USING THE LEOPOLD MATRIX
  • Seyedeh Atefeh Qassemi, Ayatollah Momayez* (Department of Entrepreneurship in Technology, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, IRAN)

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.21

    Keywords: Environmental concern; Leopold matrix evaluation; environmental consequences; Environmental management and monitoring; Qualitative environmental impact assessment method.

    Abstract
    Because of the negative effects of human activities on the environment, particularly in industrial sectors, paying attention to the environmental considerations in designing, implementing, establishing and utilizing industrial and civil projects has particular importance. Accordingly, oil industry, due to its key role in the national economy and global exchanges, and its producing substantial emission from the production stage to the extraction and refining of crude petroleum and consumption of oil products, has a special place. South Pars Special Zone (Assalooyeh) was established in 1998 in Iran, and, according to estimations, the construction of 28 gas phases has been planned. The main part of these establishments has been or is being constructed in Assalooyeh region. In the present article, the effects of the activities in South Pars Special Zone in two marine and terrestrial environments were studied using Leopold Matrix. The results of the matrix of evaluation of the environmental effects indicate that waste oil, the burning of separated gases in burners, the displacement of crude oil, etc. are among the most environmental consequences of the region, paving the way for water, soil, noise, and air pollution and its subsequent consequences. To control and eliminate harmful effects due to petroleum activities in the region, it is necessary to have environmental considerations in the process and to do reforming measures.


  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM AND FIELD OF STUDY AND ITS EFFECT ON ACADEMIC BURNOUT IN STUDENTS OF SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
  • Fatemeh Mahmoudi (Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education & Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, IRAN),
    Abdolreza Mahmoudi (Islamic Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IRAN),
    Hadi Raeisi Shahraki *(Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, IRAN),
    Maryam Shamsaei, Hashem Kakaei (Islamic Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IRAN),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.22

    Keywords: Regression analysis; Questionnaire survey; SPSS; Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI); Rosenberg self-esteem standardized questionnaire.

    Abstract
    Medical students are prone to burnout due to high volume and stressful courses and also attending medical centers. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and field of study and its effect on academic burnout in students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 600 students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences selected by multi-stage cluster sampling in 2018. Data were analyzed by SPSS® software. The mean score of self-esteem in men was higher than that of women and the mean score of burnout in men was lower than that of women, but this difference was not statistically significant. There was no significant difference in the mean of self-esteem among single and married students. Also, the level of academic burnout was significantly lower among married students than single students. There was a significant negative correlation between self-esteem and academic burnout. The results of the regression analysis showed that academic burnout is the only predictor of student self-esteem. The precise and principled planning for medical and paramedical students who are prone to severe academic burnout due to their very difficult educational situation can play an important role in increasing self-esteem in these students.


  • A CONCERN REVIEW ON POTENCY OF IoT APPLICATIONS WITH EXAMPLE CASE STUDY
  • Vijayasaro.V * (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, PRIST University, Thanjavur, 613403 INDIA),
    Niveathasaro.V (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mahath Amma Institute of Engineering and Technology, Pudukkottai, 622001 INDIA),

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.23

    Keywords:Wireless Sensor Networks; Internet of Things; Temperature and Relative humidity; Gateway.

    Abstract
    This paper illuminates the significance of Internet of Things (IoT) and its potential strength especially concerning the application areas of IoT that reflects our day-to-day life in all over the world. The novel approach of wireless sensor networks enhances its features to persuade the demand of people’s fastest lifestyle. This paper describes the concept, significance and main applications of Internet of Things (IoT) by exemplifying a simple case study. The case study illustrates the design framework for analysis of temperature and relative humidity in our surroundings and explains the gateway concept in Internet of Things.


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