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:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

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ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642
CODEN: ITJEA8


FEATURE PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

Vol.10(6) (2019)

  • DESIGN AND ENGINEERING OF MINI VEHICLES
  • K.S. Ivshin (Udmurt State University, RUSSIA )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.68

    Keywords: Vehicle Modeling; Vehicle layout; Small Vehicles; Ergonomic for car.

    Abstract
    In this paper, methodological foundations regarding the design and engineering of the small-sized three-wheel and four-wheel vehicles were studied, including the selection of promising rational layout schemes, anthropometric modeling of landing circuits, shaping the polymer structure of the body, as well as the approaches used for car design modeling.


  • ROLES OF LEADERSHIP STYLES ON THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF COGNITIVE LEAP IN INTERPERSONAL CONFIDENCE IN THE ORGANIZATION

    Shahla Abbasi (Department of Management, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, IRAN and Bank of Maskan, IRAN ),
    Seyed Mohammad Zargar (Department of Management, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.69

    Keywords: Social confidence; Interpersonal confidence; Charismatic leadership; Servant leadership style; Aspirational leadership style; Transformational leadership style.

    Abstract
    This study considers the roles of leadership style on the process of formation of cognitive leap in interpersonal confidence in the organization. The research method is analytic-correlational, and in terms of process and data collection method, using a questionnaire-based survey method. The statistical population consisted of all managers of Export Development Organization and academic experts, among whom 153 persons were selected as the sample of the study. Results showed that, (1) there is a significant relationship between leadership styles and the process of formation of cognitive leap in interpersonal confidence in the organization; (2) There is a significant relationship between charismatic leadership style and the process of formation of cognitive leap in interpersonal confidence; (3) There is a significant relationship between aspirational leadership style and the process of formation of cognitive leap in interpersonal confidence in the organization; (4) There is no significant relationship between servant leadership style and the process of formation of cognitive leap in interpersonal confidence in the organization; and (5) A significant relationship exists between transformational leadership style and the process of formation of cognitive leap in interpersonal confidence in the organization.

  • SIMULATION OF THE MELTING PROCESS IN AN ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE

    Dmitrievsky B.S.*, Bashkatova A.V., Terekhov A.A. (Department of Information Processes and Control, Institute of Automation and Information Technologies, Tambov State Technical University RUSSIA )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.70

    Keywords: Steel-Smelting Furnace; Arc furnace Model; Electric Arc Melting Process; Parameters of the Control Object; Arc steel-smelting furnace.

    Abstract
    In this paper, a process model was presented taking into account the change in length of the electric arc during melting caused by the continuously changing of the geometry and state of the environment of the inter-electrode gap. A mathematical model of an electric steel-smelting furnace was proposed. Simulation study was conducted to identify the characteristic features for the process of burning an electric arc.

  • A REVIEW ON FLEXIBILITY IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

    Hanieh FarokhiFirouzi* (Department Architecture, Faculty of Art & Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad Branch, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.71

    Keywords: Architecture with Flexibility; Ambiguities in flexible design; Flexibility of the Criteria of the User; Flexible Creator of the Architect.

    Abstract
    Since the modern movement, 'flexibility' has become one of the most appealing words in architecture and today's modern society needs buildings that can fit itself with technological advances and, consequently, modern user needs. And the need to maximize the use of limited space that is one of the axioms of today's society has attracted attention to the concept of flexibility and the effort to achieve a flexible environment. In the meantime, the efforts made to achieve flexibility in some cases have led to the creation of spaces with incomplete functional characteristics or the neglect of spatial quality. This paper focuses on the concept of flexibility as a fundamental prerequisite for residential architectural in order to extend its life cycle design, through strategies and constructive solutions that ensure both the convertibility of the space in response to changing usage and the use of building materials that encourage the reversibility and the long-term easy maintenance of the technological choices that have been implemented. The flexibility of the user's creature and the flexibility of the creature's architect. It is not necessarily a way to achieve flexibility through a form or a steady rotation path, but it can be by organizing the spaces effectively and giving the user the right to choose between spaces, as well as the clever use of building systems that support multi-functionality of the space. They achieved spatial flexibility. The purpose of this research is to study the idea of spatial flexibility in a library, documentary and overview method. Also, the challenges ahead in achieving the flexibility of spaces and providing solutions for space flexibility by examining some of the historical examples implemented in architectural flexibility is to find a pattern for designing spaces.

  • IMPACT OF THE MAP TA PHUT INDUSTRIAL ESTATE ON COASTAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES AND TREND ANALYSIS

    Krittanat Ratanachai, Petchporn Chawakitchareon (Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND ),
    Sompop Rungsupa(Aquatic Resources Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University, THAILAND )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.72

    Keywords: Contour map; Sediment quality; Water quality; Coastal seawater monitoring; Marine ecology changes; Seawater heavy metals observation.

    Abstract
    This research probes the performance of Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate, with a focus on its compliance with Thailand's environmental safety and standards and its potential environmental impact in the area. Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate is a major industrial estate and the most prominent international port located in Rayong province, eastern Thailand. It started its operation in 1988 and still in use today. Between 2007 to 2012, coastal seawater and sediment samples were collected and analyzed. The samples were collected from various pollution emitting point sources of interest. Coastal environmental changes and marine ecology changes were observed, compared, and analyzed. Contour maps representing several crucial water quality parameters with trend analysis comparing every data with time-series trend and location were also visualized on the system. These parameters were selected based on their impact on the environment and living species and the information they gave when a change in the level of each parameter occurs. The coastal environment in the dry season was generally better than in the rainy season, impacting the amount of land contamination leaking into the coastal areas. This research also studied the level of mercury and arsenic, in sediment and seawater. These pollutions can have severe consequences if not treated properly. However, Map Ta Phut's pollutions mostly stayed within Thailand's standard during the period of this study.

  • ALGORITHM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE STRATEGIES INDUSTRIAL HOLDING

    O.I. Zhemerikin*, O.S. Zhigalov, S.I. Dmitrieva, I.P. Provorova (Institute of Innovative Technologies and Public Management, MIREA - Russian Technological University, Moscow, RUSSIA )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.73

    Keywords: Imitation or innovation; Industrial development; Innovative strategy.

    Abstract
    This article considers the classification of innovative strategy depending on the model of the behavior of the enterprises in market conditions and depending on the innovative purposes. The factors, allowing to define are proved, the company will generate ideas or blindly to simulate. As a result of the analysis of innovative strategy, this work presents an algorithm of development of the innovative strategy of industrial holding.

  • EFFECTS OF NEUROMARKETING ON MARKETING PERFORMANCE AND MARKET SHARE GROWTH: CASE STUDY OF SELECTED MANUFACTURING COMPANIES OF BUSHEHR PROVINCE, IRAN

    Jouya Naserian (Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Safashahr Branch, IRAN )
    Pouya Naserian (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, IRAN )
    Maryam Asadollahi Kheirabadi (Department of Management, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University Firuzkouh Branch, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.74

    Keywords: Business management; Market share; Information processing; Business administration; Neuroscience.

    Abstract
    The present study aimed to investigate the effect of neuromarketing on marketing performance and market share growth among selected manufacturing companies in Bushehr province. The statistical population of the research included 177 senior managers, deputies, branch managers and administrative staff with more than five years of work experience in selected manufacturing companies of Bushehr province. In order to collect data, a questionnaire was used and consisted of three parts of the neuromarketing, marketing performance, and market share growth. In addition, the validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed. This research had three hypotheses that have been analyzed using SPSS software. The results indicated that neuromarketing affects marketing performance and market share growth. Finally, marketing performance also affects market share growth.

  • EFFECTS OF CLASS OBSERVATION ON THE STUDENTS-TEACHER INTERACTION IN THE ENVIRONMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASS AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    Negin Malekshahi* (Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.75

    Keywords: English class observation; Students-Teacher Interaction Observation; Classroom Environment; Foreign, Language Interaction Analysis (FLINT).

    Abstract
    This work investigates the influence of class observation by an outside observer on the interaction in the class environment between teacher and learners which can cause the efficiency of class and learning process. To this end, 90 English language learners at a pre-intermediate level were selected from an English Language Institute in Tehran (Safir) based on Oxford Placement Test (OPT) and were distributed into two groups of 45, one as the control group and the other as the experimental one. Each of the groups was also divided into three classes of 15. Three teachers taught both the control group and the experimental one. The classes in the control experimental were observed by the institute supervisor for 3 times during the term while the classes in the control group were not. At the end of the term, a questionnaire developed based on Brown's (2001) framework adopted from Moskowitz (1971), known as Foreign Language Interaction Analysis (FLINT) was distributed to the study participants in both groups, to which they were supposed to provide answers on a five-point Likert Scale: (1) strongly disagree, (2) disagree, (3) no opinion, (4) agree, or (5) strongly agree. Both the descriptive and the inferential statistical analyses of the results of the study showed that the classes observed by an outsider outperformed the classes without observation with respect to interaction between the students and the teacher. Furthermore, the analysis of the focus group interview done on both experiment and control group showed that the classes on with observation were more interactive than the one without observation.

  • EFFECTIVE PARAMETERS ON ELECTRONIC BANKING EDUCATION USING SOCIAL NETWORKS

    Mahdi Akbari Esfahani (Media Management Program, Department of Management and Accounting, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Aliakbar Farhangi * (Department of Management, University of Tehran, IRAN ),
    Bahram Alishiri (Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Seyed Mohsen Banihashemi (Media University, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Mahnaz Rabiei (Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.76

    Keywords: E-banking infrastructure; e-transaction; E-banking education; Electronic banking; Social media.

    Abstract
    Recently, Iranians are getting through the critical economic situation in which many businesses are affected. In such economic disturbance, it is the main concern of most companies to reduce expenses by any means available to survive and overcome stagnation. Organizations have to utilize expense reduction approaches and introduce services with minimum cost. Amongst these, banks and financial institutions also have utilized e-banking methods for reducing expenses to survive and expanding their activities in domestic and overseas markets. Since the mere presence of customer has some expenses for banks, developing electronic bank services and consequently presenting services such as internet banking is a good approach for reducing expenses, increasing banking operations' speed, introducing various services, and expanding the availability of banking services, attracting customers and increased earnings. This study determines effective parameters on e-banking education using social networks' capacities and addresses following factors as major parameters: E-banking software infrastructure, E-banking hardware infrastructure, responsiveness toward the customer, customer support, and transaction security.

  • QUALITY MANAGEMENT OF TAX BURDEN'S OPTIMIZATION PROCESSES IN RUSSIA COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES

    QR-Code to read full-text Nazarenko M.A.* (MIREA - Russian Technological University, Moscow, RUSSIA )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.77

    Keywords: Tax planning; Tax optimization process; Tax analysis; Tax policy; Commercial organizations; Russia business tax law.

    Abstract
    All points of tax optimization involve the competent use of tools allowed under Russia current legislation. They do not involve fraud or concealment of income, but, nevertheless, will significantly reduce the actual tax burden. For each tax, as well as for simplified tax systems, there is more than one possibility of legal tax optimization, which is a competent separation of business, as well as all business transactions. Such possibilities of optimization are allowed by law, however, have a number of restrictions. The key problem of optimizing the tax burden is the high awareness of tax inspectors regarding the main schemes of optimizing the tax burden. A separate set of problems is the underestimation of the awareness of tax inspectors, as well as the seriousness of the trials, which inevitably leads to significant losses.

  • PECULIARITIES OF USING RISK HEDGING INSTRUMENTS ON THE RUSSIAN MARKET

    QR-Code to read full-text Budovich L.S.*, Nadtochiy Yu.B.(Department of Economics and Innovative Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Economics and Law, MIREA - Russian Technological University (RTU MIREA), Moscow, RUSSIAN FEDERATION )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.78

    Keywords: Derivatives market; Financial risk insurance; Futures; Hedging strategies; Options; Derivative financial instruments; Forward contracts

    Abstract
    This article discusses the institutional and structural features of investment risk hedging strategies in the Russian market of derivative financial instruments. The state and development of the Russian derivatives market, including the MICEX and NTB exchanges, are analyzed. Identified and justified the need for the development of hedging operations of investment risks in the real sector of the Russian economy. This study The current research results show the importance of the appropriate hedging programs. The current research outcome therefore helps as a qualitative and quantitative proof as to what may be considered an effective hedge in an emerging market context.

  • EFFECT OF PROFIT SMOOTHING ON FORMATION OF TEHRAN STOCK PRICING BUBBLE

    QR-Code to read full-text Samira Salemi, Babak Jamshidinavid* (Department of Accounting, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.79

    Keywords: Pricing bubble; Margin Profit smoothing; stock price in the market; Operational profit smoothing.

    Abstract
    The research investigates the effect of profit smoothing on the formation of the pricing bubble, through the assessment of three hypotheses including profit smoothing and operating profit as independent variables while the pricing bubble as a dependent variable. Research population in this study is 856 corporations accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange and the sample size is 128 accepted corporations from 2012 to 2016 that have been sampled using Eckel model (coefficient of changes distribution for periodic of profit/sale). The research methodology is descriptive-measuring and relationships between variables are correlative-casualty. The research aim is application oriented. The F statistic test is used to simultaneously evaluate multiple model terms, at 5% significant level. It is found that profit smoothing, margin profit, and proceed profit do not have meaningful effects on the formation of a pricing bubble. Based on the received conclusions of the hypotheses it is suggested that managers shouldn`t use the methods of falsifications because it will cause pricing bubble creation and impair balance in the stock exchange market and shareholders and stock purchasers should consider falsification and profit smoothing by managers to invest in a stock.

  • ICTs ADOPTION DECISION IN PAKISTANI SMEs: MEDIATING ROLE OF OWNER/MANAGERS WITH THE LENS OF ORGANIZATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL CONTEXT OF T-O-E FRAMEWORK

    QR-Code to read full-text Sami Ullah*, Qamar Afaq Qureshi* (Department of Public Administration, Gomal University D.I. Khan, KPK, PAKISTAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.80

    Keywords: E-business; Computerization; Innovation; MIS; Adoption process; Adoption decision.

    Abstract
    This study investigated the mediating role of owner/manager in the adoption of ICTs among Pakistani SMEs whiling using the organizational and technological context of T-O-E framework. Data were collected from owners/ managers of registered SMEs in Lahore chamber of commerce and trade (N= 223). The empirical results revealed the owner/manager role mediates the link between firm resources, firms size, complexity, compatibility, and SMEs decision to adopt ICTs. Findings of this study indicate that owner/managers can play a significant role in shaping the SMEs decision towards using ICTs. Furthermore, by taking such a decision, SMEs can survive and compete in a complex and ever-changing business environment.

  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATIONAL STYLES (INTERVENTIONAL, INTERACTIVE, NON-INTERVENTIONAL) WITH TEST ANXIETY FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN GORGAN CITY, IRAN

    QR-Code to read full-text Motahareh Farahi* (Department of Management, Hakim Jorjani Institute of Higher Education, Golestan Province, Gorgan, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.81

    Keywords: Pearson correlation; Student Anxiety; Learning Style; Student Success; Gender effect.

    Abstract
    Test anxiety is a negative emotion that affects the student's performance in the test position. The role of educational styles in expressing this feeling has attracted the attention of researchers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between educational styles (interventional, interactive and non-interventional) with test anxiety for secondary school students. The statistical population of the study included all secondary school students in Gorgan city. The sampling method is a randomized sampling method. The sample size is 185 people. Data were collected using the educational styles questionnaire, and the reliability of questionnaires was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha test. Data analysis was performed by SPSS� software using the Pearson correlation coefficient. The results of the research showed that there is no significant relationship between the educational styles of intervention with test anxiety. But there is a significant relationship between non-interactive and intervention educational styles with test anxiety.



Vol.10(7) (2019)

  • TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ASSESSMENT OF HEAT PUMP ELECTRIC REGULATOR APPLICATION ON AGRICULTURAL OBJECT

    Ershova Irina*, Poruchikov Dmitrii, Vasiliev Alexey, Samarin Gennady (Federal Scientific Agro-Engineering Center VIM, 1st Institutsky passage, House 5, 109428, Moscow, RUSSIA ),
    Ruzhyev Viacheslav(Faculty of Technical Systems, Service, and Energy, St. Petersburg State Agrarian University, FSBEI HE, Akademichesky Prospect, 2, Pushkin, St. Petersburg, RUSSIA ),
    Zhukov Alexander (Velikie Luki State Agricultural Academy, 182112, Pskov region, Velikie Luki, Lenina prospect, 2, RUSSIAN FEDERATION ),
    Normov Dmitry(FSBEI HE Kuban State Agrarian University, 350012, Krasnodar, 13, Azovskaya street, Flat 40, RUSSIAN FEDERATION )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.82

    Keywords: Agricultural products, Microclimate, Ventilation system, Economy practice.

    Abstract
    The energy costs of existing equipment operation for maintaining the microclimate of agriculture products during active ventilation are sufficiently high, which requires the finding of new solutions for energy-saving tasks. So, in this paper, we evaluated the technical and economic efficiency of an upgraded electric regulator application for a heat pump in the developed systems to maintain the microclimate of products storages. Heat pump assisted drying provides a controllable drying environment (temperature and humidity) for better products quality at low energy consumption.

  • COINTEGRATION AND CAUSALITY BETWEEN STOCK PRICES AND EXCHANGE RATES: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED & DEVELOPING ECONOMIES

    Rabia Luqman*, Rehana Kouser* (Department of Commerce, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, PAKISTAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.83

    Keywords: Exchange Rates, Johansen Cointegration Test; Unit Root Tests; Granger Causality Test.

    Abstract
    To predict the volatility and unexpected changes between the currency and equity markets is one of the prime focus for the academicians as it leads towards changes in country wealth. Relationship between these two variables has gained much importance in last era from both theoretical and empirical perspective. This study aims to investigate that either stock price affects the exchange rate and exchange rate affect the stock price. Daily data of stock indices and real exchange rate for 14 countries includes Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK, USA, Russia, Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa and Pakistan has been considered as sample data for this study. There is no study conducted for daily data by using these countries for 2000-2016-time period. Unit root test (ADF & PP), Johansen�s Cointegration test, Error Correction Model and Granger Causality is applied to test the short and long run relationship between the variable of study. Study find the long run relationship between the variables in all the countries but there is less evidence of short run relationship between stock price and exchange rate for the selected countries.

  • SPOTLIGHT ON RUSSIA HIGHER TECHNICAL EDUCATION: RESULTS OF STUDENT SURVEY

    Yu.B. Nadtochiy* (Department of Economics and Innovative Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Economics and Law, MIREA - Russian Technological University (RTU MIREA), Moscow, RUSSIAN FEDERATION. )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.84

    Keywords: Modern technical education; Education transformation; Problems of technical education; Technical education survey.

    Abstract
    This paper analyzes in detail the improving of the educational system in Russia and introduces the solution with identifying the challenges in System. Training of specialists (qualified personnel of engineering and technical profile) of the new formation in accordance with the realities and expectations of modern science-intensive and high-tech production requires the study of the main problems, the solution of which depends on the quality of modern technical education. The article deals with some problems of higher technical education, the existence of which can be noted at the present time and presents the results of a survey of students regarding their plans for future professional activity, continuing education and motivation for further employment in the chosen profession.

  • MODELING AND OPTIMIZATION OF CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS USING ANSYS FLUENT® AND GENETIC ALGORITHM ANALYSIS

    Pouria Hemmati, Shahriyar Mirhakimi* (Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University Arak, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.85

    Keywords: Net positive suction head (NPSH); Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD); SIMPLEC algorithm; Multiobjective Pareto optimization; Pareto Front; Epsilon Removal Algorithm; GA analysis

    Abstract
    In this research, optimization and design of fluid flow in a centrifugal pump is investigated and modeled using numerical analysis of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and FLUID. First, geometry simulation is done using Gambit program and developing the geometry of the pump considered. After meshing fluid volume for mathematical analysis and then defining the volume of control in accordance with conditions, the simulated pump is ready to be implemented in ANSYS FLUENT�. Then, the results obtained from FLUENT are investigated to optimize the pump performance in group inference using GMDH neural network model (Group Method of Data Handling). Finally, using polynomials related to efficiency and net positive suction head (NPSH) associated to geometric variables by parametric functions that are introduced as neural networks, multi-objective genetic algorithm is used to optimize centrifugal pump based on two objectives of increasing pump efficiency and decreasing NPSH, which according to Pareto Front, as one of the best approximations, will result in optimal design of the pump.

  • A METHOD OF ESTIMATING THE RELIABILITY OF HIGHLY RELIABLE REDUNDANT SYSTEMS BASED ON CONTINUOUS MODELS

    S.M. Kovalenko*, G.V. Petushkov, O.V. Platonova (Department of Computer Engineering, MIREA - Russian Technological University, Moscow, RUSSIA )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.86

    Keywords: Computing systems; System reliability analysis; Markov process; Data centers; approximate continuous models; Mean time between system failures; Reliability characteristics.

    Abstract
    The paper deals with the method of assessing the reliability characteristics of highly reliable systems on the example of data centers, including many servers, some of which are considered as backup. The technique is based on the construction of approximate continuous models, which simplifies the calculations of highly reliable systems with redundancy. The paper presents the calculated relations that allow to estimate the average time between system failure and the average time of system recovery on the basis of the proposed approach. An example of the calculation of reliability characteristics. It is noted that the accuracy of calculations of reliability characteristics increases with the number of elements in the system. Classes of problems on calculation of reliability characteristics in the field of computer equipment are given, where the offered technique can bring undoubted benefit: calculation of reliability of the equipment of large computer systems and computer networks.

  • EFFECTS OF ADVERTISING COMMERCIAL CLEANSER OF KAFF COMPANY ON KARAJ'S CONSUMERS

    Vajiheh Babahkan*(Payame Noor University, Karaj, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.87

    Keywords: Commercial advertising; Consumer behavior; Advertising knowledge Advertising business; Advertising management.

    Abstract
    Increasing competitive conditions in the Iranian market in recent years and accelerating the process of privatization and provision of financial and credit assistance caused that the companies' needs to be more active in marketing and commercial advertising increased. By looking at the overall budget in most large and also small companies we could observe that significant amounts have been allocated to advertising costs; so that if we compared it with other costs, such as human resource costs, requirements, salaries, wages, etc., this amount is so much distinct. Therefore, given the high amount of these costs these days, worldwide companies have been evaluated the advertising performance so that they can manage the expenditures correctly and purposefully, thereby achieving their ultimate goal. The subject of this research was to investigate the effect of the advertising of commercial cleanser products of Kaff company consumers' behavior. This applied purpose research and uses the descriptive-survey method. The samples were users who used a sanitary cleanser and sanitary products from Kaff Company in Karaj, that the number of them was unlimited. The sample size was determined using Morgan table 384 people and according to the statistical population that was scattered using the available sampling method. To collect the data, a questionnaire consisting of 26 questions based on Likert scale was used. In order to test the hypotheses, the binomial test was used. The studied model applied the Aida model concept, and thus the independent variable is advertising, and the dependent variables include attracting attention, interest, desire, and purchasing. The studied results showed that the Kaff company's advertising business has had a significant effect on attracting attention, create inclination and interest in consumers, and act to buy the production by consumers.

  • DILEMMA OF SMEs IN BUSINESS DIGITIZATION: A CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS OF RETAIL SMEs IN MALAYSIA

    Joyce F.Y. Leu* (Department of Business Studies, HELP University, MALAYSIA ),
    Ridzuan Masri (School of Business, International University of Malaya-Wales, MALAYSIA )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.88

    Keywords: Online Shopping; Digitization; Retail business; Digital SME; E-commerce transaction; Digital free trade zone; Digital Economy; DFTZ.

    Abstract
    Malaysia is one of the most avid countries in online shopping just behind Indonesia, the largest e-commerce market in ASEAN. Even though 2015 was a fruitful year for online business and e-commerce, however, total retail e-commerce market for Malaysia was only 2% of the total market share. Findings from the Department of Statistics for 2016 indicated that 73.1% of SMEs used a computer in 2015, but only 20.1% of them have their own company web sites. In addition, only 4.8% of them involve in e-commerce transactions. Many SMEs do not move fast enough to recognize the changing habits and preferences of their consumers. As a result, they do not evolve their business model to adapt to the changes. The purpose of this paper is to conceptually identify and explain why some retail SMEs hesitate to go online.

  • STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS USING THE MATRIX OF INTEREST-POWER IN INSURANCE INDUSTRY: CASE STUDY OF HAFEZ ATIEHZASAN INSURANCE

    Hadi Raeis Abdollahi, Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini*, Khalil Alimohammadzadeh (Department of Health Services Management, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.89

    Keywords: Health management; Market organization; Insurance market; Stakeholder management; Interest and power matrix; Organization stakeholder.

    Abstract
    Identification different stakeholders will increase their support for the organization's programs, increase the quality of services provided, reduce costs, and attract more funds. The main study goal is to do stakeholder analysis using the interest and power matrix in the insurance industry (case study: Hafez Atigazazan Insurance). The method of this study is a combination of qualitative and quantitative. The statistical population of this research consists of all stakeholders of Hafez Atiehzasan Insurance Company and its sampling method is available as sampling. Stakeholder information was collected based on 3 indicators of profit, cost, and quality, with a 3-degree Likert scale (3-1). The results of the analysis of variance showed that there was a significant difference between Hafez Atiehzasan insurance company's stakeholders. The stakeholders of Hafez Atigazazan Insurance Company based on their relative importance grade are Customers, competitors, shareholders, employees of the organization, managers, service providers, contracting physicians, banks and financial institutions, consumer protection groups, special interest groups, trade unions, and the media. The results of this study showed that they must be properly identified and prioritized in order to properly manage the stakeholders.

  • AN INVESTIGATION ON INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL PUTTING EMPHASIS ON THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT MATURITY: CASE STUDY OF GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN KERMAN PROVINCE, IRAN

    Azam Shafiee Bafti, Sanjar Salajeghe*, Rostam poorrashidi(Department of Management, Faculty of Management, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, IRAN. )

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    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.90

    Keywords: G-KMMM; Factor analysis; Knowledge management maturity Level; Intellectual capital management.

    Abstract
    Intellectual capital has an influential role in helping an organization to reach its purposes. Hence, in the current study, the related factors with the concept of intellectual capital are investigated with an Emphasis on the Level of Knowledge Management Maturity regard organizations of Kerman province (Iran). The participants of this study consisted of two groups: the experts and the instructors of governmental management and the staff of executive organizations. To select the governmental management instructors all around Iran, 30 instructors who had the prerequisite criteria had been selected. Moreover, 381 staff were selected to participate in this study. The data analysis by SPSS�22 and LISERL�22 showed that the factors such as capabilities and qualifications, technical knowledge, attitudes, culture, structure, organizational learning, technical capital, social services, social excellence, social connection, partner relationship, connection with the media, and the organization image of intellectual capital have positive effect on intellectual capital considering the levels of maturity of knowledge management.

  • IMPACTS OF TOURISM EDUCATION DIMENSIONS ON RAISING TOURISM AWARENESS AMONG STUDENTS OF GENERAL EDUCATION: SAUDI ARABIA IN LIGHT OF THE GLOBAL TRENDS

    Humoud Mohammed Jaber*, Azizan Marzuki(School of Housing, Building, and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.91

    Keywords: Tourism knowledge; Tourism Education; Social Studies curricula; Tourism trend; Tourism concept; Tourism skill.

    Abstract
    This paper explores the relationship between tourism education dimensions and improved awareness of tourism among students in intermediate and secondary schools in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The relationship between the items of tourism education dimensions and improved awareness of tourism is examined in this study. The proposed framework suggests that there exists a potential relationship between these items (knowledge, concepts, skills, and trends) and improved awareness of tourism. This is significant to the curricula developers and General Authority for Tourism and National Heritage regarding the need for curricula development to enhance prospects of cooperation between them in the education sector. This, in turn, leads to enhancing the flow of students from general education that have more information in the field of tourism. The paper concludes that the Ministry of Education should devise and implement more students’ activities and reforms, which would plug in social studies curricula on knowledge, concepts, skills, and trends in the field of tourism.

  • MULTI-CRITERIA STATISTICAL-BASED ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND APPROACHES OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT ON OBTAINING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES: CASE STUDY OF SIMARAN ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIES

    Amir Hesam Arabi (Department of Management and Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Electronic Branch, Tehran, IRAN. ),
    Leila Saeidi* (Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN. ),
    Afsaneh Shayesteh (Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, Yadegar Emam Branch, Shahr-e-Rey , Tehran, IRAN. )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.92

    Keywords: Knowledge sharing; Knowledge saving; Knowledge creation; Knowledge application; Sustainable competitive advantage; innovation entrepreneurship.

    Abstract
    This study investigates the effects of entrepreneurship and approaches of knowledge management on obtaining competitive advantage, case study of Simaran Electronic Industries in Tehran on 2018. This study in terms of method is descriptive study. The statistical population consists of 500 staff of Simaran electronic industries. For this reason, 217 people were selected as statistical population and simple randomly method of questionnaires was selected and collected. The instruments for collecting data is questionnaire. In order to estimate reliability for final questionnaire, it was distributed among 15 people and confirmed by factorial analysis. Also, in order to analyze data, structural modeling equations was being used. The results showed that organizational entrepreneurship and innovation and pioneer have positive effect in competitive advantage but risk-taking, self-renewal and aggressiveness competition have not positive effect on it. In this research, knowledge management and saving knowledge have positive effect on competitive advantage but knowledge creation, knowledge sharing and knowledge in competitive advantage have not effect.

  • IMPACTS OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AND EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT ON EMPLOYEE ALIENATION

    Ali Rasti (Management of Organizational Behavior Program, Department of Public Management, Islamic Azad University of Kerman, Kerman, IRAN ),
    Sanjar Salajeghe* (Department of Public Management, Islamic Azad University of Kerman, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.93

    Keywords: Knowledge sharing; Knowledge saving; Knowledge creation; Knowledge application; Sustainable competitive advantage; innovation entrepreneurship.

    Abstract
    This study investigates the effects of entrepreneurship and approaches of knowledge management on obtaining competitive advantage, case study of Simaran Electronic Industries in Tehran on 2018. This study in terms of method is descriptive study. The statistical population consists of 500 staff of Simaran electronic industries. For this reason, 217 people were selected as statistical population and simple randomly method of questionnaires was selected and collected. The instruments for collecting data is questionnaire. In order to estimate reliability for final questionnaire, it was distributed among 15 people and confirmed by factorial analysis. Also, in order to analyze data, structural modeling equations was being used. The results showed that organizational entrepreneurship and innovation and pioneer have positive effect in competitive advantage but risk-taking, self-renewal and aggressiveness competition have not positive effect on it. In this research, knowledge management and saving knowledge have positive effect on competitive advantage but knowledge creation, knowledge sharing and knowledge in competitive advantage have not effect.

  • FEATURES ASSESSMENT OF RUSSIA FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS

    Budovich Lidia Sergeevna* (Department of Economics and Innovative Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Economics and Law, MIREA – Russia Technological University (RTU MIREA), Moscow, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.94

    Keywords: Russia economy; Economic environment; Russia Market; Consolidate capitals; Market competitiveness; M&A Transactions; Corporate restructuring; Capital integration; Merger technology; Stakeholders.

    Abstract
    Privatization, stock market development, insurance and credit system improvement generate the demand for a new type of services such as business valuation, valuation of company, its assets, capital and liabilities in the current highly competitive market. Appraisal of the company's value enables to evaluate the company's reserves and potential in the modern economic environment; this, in turn, contributes to the increase of competitiveness in general. Appraisal of value of any property item is a well-ordered process focused on the appraisal of monetary value of such item subject to potential and real income generated by it at a certain point in time and in a specific economic environment. In this paper, the authors analyze the characteristic features of company merger and acquisition (M&A) transactions in the contemporary context, using the methods of scientific generalization. Various classifications of synergetic effects resulting from the conclusion of such transactions are studied. Special attention is paid to the innovative synergy because the innovative impulse for the majority of companies is an important drive to make integration deals. After the completion of the M&A transaction, the acquisition of a target company with an effective innovation patent portfolio generates a significant profit and a high value of the acquiring company’s shares. It is noted that mergers and acquisitions are the basic ways to consolidate capitals of two or more companies in order to maximize the capabilities and use the maximum potential to achieve the main goals of the companies.

  • FACTORS AFFECTING OFFICIAL CORRUPTION AND THE EFFECT OF BUREAUCRACY ON IT

    Aliakbar Ahmadi (Department of Management, West Tehran Branch, Payam-Noor University, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Mahdi Shahbazi (Department of Management, Imam Hossein University, Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Mohammad Kazempour (Department of Management, West Tehran Branch, Payam-Noor University, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.95

    Keywords: Russia economy; Economic environment; Russia Market; Consolidate capitals; Market competitiveness; M&A Transactions; Corporate restructuring; Capital integration; Merger technology; Stakeholders.

    Abstract
    This research identified factors affecting official corruption, using questionnaires as a study tool. The reliability was tested via Cronbach’s alpha. The statistical population comprised of the staff in the financial department of the government tax office, municipality, social insurance, and county governor house in Tabriz, during 2014. There were 120 persons on the whole and 90 were chosen as our sample using a random sampling method. The results showed that in governmental organizations the most prominent 9 factors from among 25 (mentioned in the research hypotheses) factors affecting official corruption were as follows: the dominance of relations over regulations, hiring the workforce based on acquaintance and friendship, replacement of newer governments and vast changes, the existence of limitations and lack of political freedom, lack of clear and transparent rules, incomplete control, the existence of wide and long bureaucratic systems, weakness of moral beliefs and humane values, low incomes regarding inflation and high expenses. With a comparative study of the characteristics of Weber's bureaucracy and from this study, we can conclude that if we utilize bureaucracy principles properly we will encounter lower levels of official corruption in offices.


  • Vol.10(8) (2019)

  • A STUDY ON PRINCIPALS' COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KHORRAMABAD CITY IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2014-2015

    Manijeh Afrasiabpour*(Department of Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad Branch, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.96

    Keywords: Communication Skills; Social Growth; Verbal Skills; Hearing Skills; Feedback Skills.

    Abstract
    Communication skills of principals play an important role in the success of children at school. Meanwhile, school plays an important role to increase the social development of adolescents. Due to the complexity of social relationships in contemporary societies, the need to address the social characteristics of students and their related factors feels more than before. Social life requires compatibility with others, an agreement with them and, to some extent, an effort to meet their expectations; and research also shows that community and social relationships can affect social development. This research investigates the relationship between communication skills (verbal, listening, and receiving feedback skills) of principals with the social development of primary school students in Khorramabad in the academic year 2014-15. The result finds that all these skills of principals have positive and significant relationships on students' social development.

  • COLD-TOLERANCE OF SOME AUTOCHTHONOUS AND IMPORTED COMMERCIAL SEEDLESS GRAPEVINE (Vitis Vinifera) CULTIVARS IN IRAN

    Hamed Doulati Baneh*(Horticulture Crop Research Department, Research and Education Center of West Azerbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO, Urmia, IRAN ),
    Mohammad Aslanpour (Department of Horticulture, University of Raparin, Rania, Sulaimany, IRAQ )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.97

    Keywords: Cold stress; Electrolyte leakage; Cold index; Cambium cold index; Cane electrolyte leakage; Bud electrolyte leakage; Cane cold index.

    Abstract
    Winter cold is one of the main environmental factors limiting the production of grapes in Iran. Grape cultivars belonging to the Vinifera species are very sensitive to winter cold and depending on the cultivar, they are usually affected by cold damage in the range between -15°C and -20°C. There is genetic diversity among cultivars and even clones of a single cultivar with regard to cold tolerance. In this research, the cold tolerance of several cultivars of foreign and domestic commercial grape cultivars was evaluated. One-year-old 8-buds canes of the studied genotypes were harvested from the vineyards of the Urmia Kahriz Horticultural Research Station after the fall of leaves and they were placed a freezer temperature below zero (-15°C, -18°C, -21°C, and -24°C and 4°C as control). After applying the treatments, the number of open buds in greenhouse conditions and the rate of primary and secondary buds death were determined. Moreover, the electrolyte leakage of the buds and canes was measured. With increasing cold intensity, damage to primary and secondary buds increased and there was a significant difference between the cultivars in cold tolerance. Domestic cultivars showed a higher tolerance than foreign cultivars. Among the foreign cultivars, two cultivars of Thomson Seedless and Superior were more tolerant to cold. The results of this research are valuable in terms of determining the new seedless cultivars with a higher tolerance for cultivation in relatively cold weather regions.

  • ORGANIZATION INTELLECTUAL POTENTIAL: ESSENTIAL CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

    A.N. Semin*(Ural State Mining University, Ekaterinburg, 7, University lane, 620144, RUSSIAN FEDERATION ),
    M.I. Lukinyk (Urals State University of Economics, Ekaterinburg, 8 Marta St 62, 620025, RUSSIAN FEDERATION )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.98

    Keywords: Russia IP; Competitive potential; Rate of tangible assets; IP infrastructure.

    Abstract
    The competitive advantages of an organization in a modern economy are moving from material resources to intangible assets. According to experts, a significant part of the value of a firm in developing countries is based on intellectual assets, and the source of global prosperity is an intangible component. Forming the intellectual potential (IP) at an organization gets an important role. Despite numerous publications on this issue, it has not been fully studied, and some problems need more in-depth examination. The aim of this article is to study the intellectual potential in the aspect of its definitions and an elemental structure and on this basis to develop a version of the intellectual potential system, including the most important categories. A system analysis of the IP categories, its structure and development of a structural model on this basis. After analyzing the existing definitions, a definition of the category "intellectual potential" was suggested, including a system of theoretical, applied and experimental knowledge, with an appropriate supporting infrastructure that is necessary for effective intellectual activity in comparison with the best practices in this field and innovations that ensure the competitiveness of an organization. The key (basic) elements for the effective functioning of the intellectual potential are a knowledge system, a supporting infrastructure, and innovations. An IP system has been developed that includes the most important categories. It can be useful for management and information support of an organization. The materials of the article may be useful to researchers for further study of the problem of the IP in the regional and sectoral aspects, as well as to the heads of organizations in practical terms to justify and form corporate and competitive strategies of an organization.

  • THE MEDIATION OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP BETWEEN TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP AND GROUP MANAGEMENT SKILLS OF ACADEMICIANS IN HEIs OF KPK, PAKISTAN

    Muhammad Siddique, Allah Nawaz *(Department of Public Administration, Gomal University, D.I.Khan, PAKISTAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.99

    Keywords: Negotiation skills (NS); Motivation skills (MS); Change-management skills (CMS); Communication skills (CS); TRS; TRF.

    Abstract
    Group management skills including communication skills (CS), motivation skills (MS), change-management skills (CMS) and negotiation skills (NS) are supported by and support leadership styles of every member in the group of knowledge workers like academicians in a higher education institution like University. This obviously happens in every individual member of faculty that his/her transactional (TRS) and transformational (TRF) leadership styles cognitively and behaviorally affect his/her and others CS, MS, CMS, and NS in the work environment. As per existing literature on the topic, TRF is expected to be heavily linked with these skills as compared to TRS. The current cross-sectional study measures the nature and weight of these connections among the knowledge workers like Faculty members who have to perform as leaders (every teacher is a leader for students, junior teachers, and administrative staff) as well as experts in the above mentioned organizational skills in daily affairs of the workplace.

  • MEASURING KIDNEY TO ABDOMINAL AORTA RATIO USING ULTRASONOGRAPHY TO DETERMINE KIDNEY SIZE IN HEALTHY DOMESTIC SHORTHAIR CATS

    Peyman Mirmohammadi, Amir Ali Raissi*, Vria Tohidi(Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.100

    Keywords: Kidney length; Ultrasonography method; Aorta thickness; Cat renal disease; Kidney to aorta ratio.

    Abstract
    Renal diseases are among the most common diseases in cats. Understanding the size of the kidney is important in evaluating kidney disease. Researches have shown that measurements of kidney length are possible using ultrasonography with high repeatability. The objective of this study was to measure kidney to abdominal aorta ratio using ultrasonography to determine kidney size in healthy domestic shorthair cats. The study population included 35 domestic cats referred to a private animal hospital in Tehran for a yearly checkup. Healthy cats based on biochemical factors were selected regardless of age and sex and were positioned on the back. Ultrasonography was conducted using a linear or sector transducer through skin contact and ultrasound gel. Quantitative data from the study were analyzed using SPSS® version 21 software by paired t-test. The correlation coefficient was analyzed based on a significance level 0.05. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the average length of the right kidney and the left one. The ratio of the right kidney's length to aorta was 9.12, and it was 8.88 for the left kidney. In addition, the ratios of right and left kidneys' width to the aorta were 5.25 and 5.24, respectively. The result found that the ratio of the length of the kidneys (both left and right) to the average diameter of the aorta in the cats was 7.12-11.35, and this ratio was about 4.25-7.05 for the width of the kidneys to the diameter of the aorta. It was necessary to compare the size of the kidney with a different structure separate from the spinal cord. Therefore, the ratio of kidney size to the diameter of the abdominal aorta was used in this study..

  • A MODEL DEVELOPMENT FOR HOSPITAL HOLDING GOVERNANCE IN THE IRANIAN SOCIAL SECURITY ORGANIZATION

    Farideh Mohammadi (Department of Health Service Administration, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Iravan Masoudi Asl* (Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Soad Mahfoozpour, Somayeh Hessam (Department of Health Service Administration, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.101

    Keywords: Healthcare quality; Healthcare strategic planning; Healthcare management; Healthcare evaluation, and accountability; Healthcare financing; ISSO.

    Abstract
    Hospitals are facing a wide range of challenges regarding healthcare quality, efficiency, and costs of services. Considering the importance of hospital holding in effective and efficient hospital governance, we aimed to identify the key factors affecting in the hospital holding governance of the Iranian Social Security Organization (ISSO) and designing a suitable model. This descriptive study was performed in two qualitative and quantitative stages. First, factors influencing hospital holding governance were extracted through literature review and interview with 15 experts in the field of hospital governance, and a proposed model was designed. Then, a questionnaire was developed and data was collected from 405 experts in the staff-and-line sector of the ISSO across the country. The research model was analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in SPSS® and AMOS® software. Five factors influencing hospital holding governance were identified, including strategic planning, decision rights, financing, monitoring and evaluation, and accountability. Decision rights, with factor loadings of 0.83 and 0.44, had the most and least significant effects on hospital holding governance, respectively. This finding revealed that, for optimal hospital holding governance, while considering all five factors, financing and monitoring and evaluation should be emphasized.

  • QUANTITATIVE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN A STATE AUTHORITY OF THE TERRITORIAL AIC

    Brazhnik M.V.*(Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Ural State Agrarian University (FSBEI HE Ural SAU) Yekaterinburg, Karl Liebknecht str., RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.102

    Keywords: Agro-based economy; Agro productivity; Efficiency of management; Competent management; Rationality management activity; Management of agricultural production.

    Abstract
    The article presents the methodology for the quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of the management activities of civil servants of the territorial branch executive bodies of state power (TBEBSP) of the Sverdlovsk region-the departments of the Agro-Industrial Complex and Food (AIC and F) of the Ministry of AIC and F of the Sverdlovsk region. This methodology includes the calculation of synthetic indicators: level, as well as an index of the overall efficiency of management. The calculation of these indicators is based on the use of the following elements: the level and/or index of productivity of labor of civil servants in the management of the AIC and F; the level and/or index of the economy of management of the AIC and F; the level and/or index of arable land use efficiency, as well as the rationality of the organization of activities in growing crops; level and/or labor productivity index of agricultural workers engaged in production. The use of the level makes it possible to compare the efficiency of labor of civil servants both in different years for a specific or group of departments of the AIC and F, and during one period for different departments of the AIC and F; and the use of the index is to assess the change in the efficiency of labor of civil servants of a given administration of the AIC and F or to compare the changes in the efficiency of labor of civil servants of different departments of the AIC and F over several periods.

  • IDENTIFYING PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAITS OF MIDDLE MANAGERS IN THE OIL INDUSTRY

    Alborz Moghtader Mansouri (Department of Government Management, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, IRAN ),
    Ghlamreza Rahimi*, Nader Bohluli, Farhad Nezhad Irani (Department of Administration Management, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.103

    Keywords: Psychology of Managers; Efficiency; Qualitative research; Phenomenological Strategy; MAX QDA.

    Abstract
    The psychological characteristics of managers as an important issue in the success of organizations and considered as the main element in empowering the human resources of the organization as well as increasing their productivity. Positive psychological characteristics of managers can lead to a mental feeling of employees and their Self-esteem and the higher the level of mental health of managers is, it can create good features for management in managers. Nowadays, managers' psychological traits are among factors affecting organizations success. Though managers cannot attain organizational goals by their own and without the use of human resources, fair and diplomatic leadership and management can solve the problems of current organizations. The current research aimed to identify psychological traits of Middle managers in National Oil Products Distribution Company of West Azerbaijan Regions in Iran. This study was conducted using a qualitative method, postmodern paradigm, phenomenological strategy, and latent content analysis technique by semi-structured (in-depth) interview (to the theoretical saturation level) with 13 cases of middle managers. The interviews were analyzed through open coding and axial coding using MAX QDA12. Finally, Middle managers' psychological traits in the society under study were identified in Four components of Self- Reliance, Self-Efficiency, Building Trust, and Legal Attitude. Finally, based on the results, suggestions were proposed for the studied organization.

  • MICRO-GRID OPERATION CONSIDERING THE UNCERTAINTIES RELATED TO THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE PARKING DECK

    Hojat Ansari Satellu, Shahram Mojtahedzadeh* (Department of Electrical Engineering, Azarshahr Branch , Islamic Azad University, Azarshahr, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.104

    Keywords: MicroGrid; EV; Genetic Algorithm; Smart Distribution Network.

    Abstract
    Micro Grid known as the building blocks of Smart Grid is the small-scale distribution network with at least one DER and one load with clearly defined electrical and geographical boundaries. Inherent merits of MG cause that DER penetration in the network increases considerably. New trends of EVs with two-way power flows, considering the variability of time, location and amount of charge, has introduced varies challenges and opportunities for power system which causes that, proper management and operation is required to the merits of EVs. On the other hand, high penetration of renewable energies in smart distribution network with uncertainties, adds to the complexity of network operation. In this regards, in this thesis, optimal operation of MG in the presence of EVs uncertainty and also uncertainties of photovoltaic as a dominant distributed generation, is aimed. The proposed scheme aims to supply the consumers demand in possible lowest costs and simultaneously preserving network constraints. In the proposed scheme, Genetic Algorithm as an efficient tool is used to find the optimum solutions. In order to clarify the effectiveness, the proposed scheme and to show the accuracy of the results, simulation studied is done on a sample MG and the results are discussed.

  • MULTI-CRITERIA STATISTICAL-BASED ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION QUALITY ON EFFICIENCY OF INVESTMENT BY EMPHASIZING UPON AUDITOR SPECIALTY IN INDUSTRY IN ACCEPTED CORPORATIONS IN TEHRAN STOCK EXCHANGE

    Majid Moradi (Department of Management and Accounting, Molavi Institute of Higher Education, Eyvanekey, Garmasr, Semnan, IRAN ),
    Seyedeh Mahboubeh Jafari* (Department of Accounting, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Ehsan Ehteshamnejad (Scientific Policy Research Center, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Azad Asaadi (Department of Accounting, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.105

    Keywords: Investment allocation; Company size; Company sales; Rate of tangible assets; Quality of accounting information; Investment efficiency.

    Abstract
    The role and importance of investment in the process of economic growth and development of communities have been emphasized in most views of economic growth and development. Due to the lack of investment resources, it is necessary to identify the relative advantages of a country for optimal allocation of investment resources to stimulate economic growth, and by directing investment resources to the most productive and efficient sectors, the use of efficient restricted resources to accelerate economic growth. Considering the limited financial resources, in addition to the issue of investment development in Tehran Stock Exchange, increasing the efficiency of investment is very important issues. This study explains the effect of accounting information quality on investment efficiency, with emphasis on the role of auditor's expertise in the industry. This research has been conducted using 2014-2017 data, with a sample selected 143 companies using a systematic screening method. With regression, the analytical result indicates that the auditor's specialty in the industry has a significant and positive effect on the investment effectiveness, as well as the quality of accounting information on investment efficiency. Finally, the result of the third hypothesis test suggests that the auditor's specialty in the industry does not have a significant effect on the relationship between the quality of accounting information and investment efficiency.

  • OPTIMAL BUDGET ALLOCATION STRATEGY BASED ON CONDITION BASED MAINTENANCE FOR POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS ASSETS: A CASE OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS

    Supachai Keowsiri and Nopbhorn Leeprechanon* (Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, 12120, THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.106

    Keywords: CB; CBM; Analytical Heretical Process (AHP); Budgeting optimization; Multi-criteria Decision Making (MDM); Progressive budget optimization (PBO); Electrical Assets, prioritization; Reliability; Budgeting optimization.

    Abstract
    This paper develops methods and tools for supporting maintenance management of power distribution system which focused on the circuit breaker (CB). This is done by Multicriteria Decision Making (MDM) process techniques of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) for Condition-Based Maintenance (CBM). There are major issues on large numbers of CB to justify their criticality with budget limits. AHP model applied both qualitative and quantitative criteria to evaluate the conditions of each CB through introduced indices. Simulation AHP tool for maintenance objective and progressive budget optimization (PBO) was developed by using MATLAB® to determine critical CB with budget allocation. The proposed method is applied on a sample transmission substation for 32 circuit breakers environment using 32 Buses IEEE RBTB model. The results of numerical analysis and progressive allocate tool, shows this method can be employed the prioritized of critical CB in CBM while optimizing the constrained budget for maintenance policy.

  • GOOD GOVERNANCE IN THE HEALTH SYSTEM: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

    Faranak Jafari, Kamran HajiNabi*(Department of Health Services Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Katayoun Jahangiri (Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Leila Riahi (Department of Health Services Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.107

    Keywords: Modern public management; Good health governance; Health policies; Content analysis; Health assessment system; Healthy society.

    Abstract
    Good governance, a key concept of public management, integrates and coordinates governmental and managerial sets and all relevant stakeholders so that it can provide reforms to improve the living conditions of all citizens. This concept has been raised frequently in modern public management, but it has been neglected in the health system. This study aimed to explain good governance in Iran's health system. This qualitative study used inductive content analysis. Participants were ten experts in the field of health. The study method was purposive. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect qualitative data. The findings were analyzed using MAXQDA®11 software. This research, ten components (dimensions) and 55 sub-components (factors) of good governance in the health system were explained. The dimensions were: participation, rule of law, transparency, accountability, equity, efficiency and effectiveness, responsiveness, consensus orientation, health orientation, and decentralization. Iran's health system has undergone profound changes over the past decades, but it is faced with many challenges regarding good health governance. The lack of decentralization and consensus between intrasectoral and intersectoral institutions, lack of stakeholder participation in policy and decision making, lack of transparency and responsiveness, lack of equality of stakeholders against the law, and treatment-orientation instead of health-orientation have been the most important challenges. Despite the 2014 Iran�s promotion of health system, there is still a long way before the components of good health governance are realized.



  • Vol.10(9) (2019)

  • DETERMINING THE ENVIRONMENTAL WATER REQUIREMENT VIA HYDRAULIC AND HYDROLOGICAL METHODS

    Ladan Abrari *, Majed Parvan (Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Mahab Ghodss Consulting Engineering Company, Tehran, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.108

    Keywords: Environmental Flow Assessment; Water resource management; Environmental flow; Ecological management condition; Ecosystem wate.

    Abstract
    This study has used a general-purpose multi-objective programming model to determine the minimum human-ecological water balance and ecosystems to determine at least jericanological or minimal blue-water levels. As the two target functions are, respectively, the blue index for humans and the ecosystem index. A case study on the Sufi Chai River. To determine the environmental water requirement of the Sufi River tea, it has been wetted with a hydrostatic method and hydrologic methods of flow transmission curve continuity and tonnage have been used. In the hydraulic method, the soaked environment was used to determine the breaking point from 4 practices: curve slope, maximum curvature, ideal point with scale factor 1 and ideal point with scale factor 2. The results indicate that the Tenant method has shortcomings in estimating the environmental water requirement. Based on the results, the values obtained from the flow transmission curve method are preferable to ecological management conditions than other methods.

    Paper ID: 10A09A

  • COMPLICATIONS OF RUSSIAN INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT FINANCING

    Kolesnikov A.V.*(FRCAESDRA RRIAE Russian Academy of Science, Russia )
    Stepanyan T.M., Spector A.A., Panko Iu.V., Komov M.S., Latysheva N.A., Storozhenko O.M. (Russian University of Transport (Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.109

    Keywords: Innovative development of agricultural industry, internal costs of scientific research, grant support of scientific research, high qualified personnel; agrifood policy.

    Abstract
    This study presents problems impeding the development and implementation of Russian innovations in agricultural production. The main problem is the financing of innovation, due to a low proportion of public resources used in the creation and implementation of innovations. In comparison with the developed countries, the amount of state financing for innovations in Russia should be increased by ten times. In addition, working funds to support scientists in a global sense do not solve the problem of new scientific knowledge financing, not to mention the implementation into the real sector of the economy. A small share of public investment in innovation does not contribute to the solution of the problem of advanced innovative development. In addition, the public-private partnership helps to attract innovation in the real sector of the economy in all developed countries but does not work in Russia as it. lacks state regulatory functions for this. This study identifies factors and trends that do not contribute to the effective and advanced development of the economy in terms of its innovative development. The need to increase domestic spending on research in agriculture by 5-7 times is substantiated. Negative trends in the reproduction of scientific personnel are revealed. This is the lack of financial motivation to work in the scientific field, inefficient system of postgraduate and doctoral studies. It is proved that the impact of grant support on the level of research funding, which is not more than 6.2% in domestic research costs, is insolvent. To alleviate the problem of innovative activity of economic entities, it is necessary to develop a targeted agricultural innovation policy that determines the goals, objectives, and mechanisms for its implementation, taking into account the priorities defined by the Russian Federation, as well as foreign experiences.

    Paper ID: 10A09B

  • NEURAL NETWORK IDENTIFICATION OF ELECTRIC POWER QUALITY INDICATORS OF COMPLEX POWER SYSTEMS

    Tatyana Zhashkova *, Elena Meshcheryakova (Department of Information Technologies and Systems, Penza State Technological University, Penza, RUSSIA ),
    Olga Yasarevskaya (Penza State Technological University, Penza, RUSSIA )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.110

    Keywords: Neural network technology; Electric power quality indicators; Information system; power system; Engineering system; System for critical applications.

    Abstract
    The article reviews and analyzes the existing problems of electric power quality control in complex power systems, attracting attention to the requirements of reference documents on power quality changes. The procedures development of electric power quality indicators of complex power systems is under discussion. This work was carried out comparative modeling of calculations of basic electric power quality indicators by the direct method and neural network technology. An optimal configuration of a neural network for engineering systems for critical applications has been developed. Simulation system allows for a situation of frequency determination at a distorted signal as well as the presence of harmonics, interharmonics, and subharmonics in the signal, and voltage value deviation. The simulation finds that a frequency meter on the basis of a feedforward neural network has the least error.

    Paper ID: 10A09C

  • FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS STRENGTHENED WITH FERROCEMENT

    Sayan Sirimontree *, Boonsap Witchayangkoon , Krittiya Leartpocasombut, Chanachai Thongchom (Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, Pathumtani, THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.111

    Keywords: Ferrocement beam; static four-point bending test; shear connectors; load-mid span deflection relationships; flexural load carrying capacity.

    Abstract
    The article reviews and analyzes the existing problems of electric power quality control in complex power systems, attracting attention to the requirements of reference documents on power quality changes. The procedures development of electric power quality indicators of complex power systems is under discussion. This work was carried out comparative modeling of calculations of basic electric power quality indicators by the direct method and neural network technology. An optimal configuration of a neural network for engineering systems for critical applications has been developed. Simulation system allows for a situation of frequency determination at a distorted signal as well as the presence of harmonics, interharmonics, and subharmonics in the signal, and voltage value deviation. The simulation finds that a frequency meter on the basis of a feedforward neural network has the least error.

    Paper ID: 10A09D

  • IMPORT SUBSTITUTION PROCESS IN THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL SANCTIONS: ISSUES OF THEORY AND PRACTICE

    L.E. Namyatova* (Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620002, ul. Mira, 19, RUSSIAN FEDERATION )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.112

    Keywords: High-tech investment; International sanctions; protectionism; Mechanisms of import substitution; Strategy of import substitution; Domestic technology development.

    Abstract
    The relevance problem of import substitution is explained with the practicability of using a systematic approach to analyze the real state of the Russian economy. This article provides a brief historical background on the origin of the idea of import substitution in the XVIII century and its further development. It considers its essence as a response to international sanctions imposed by the USA, the EU, and their allies. Noting that import substitution should be distinguished from protectionism, which is based on different aims. The mechanisms of import substitution by three main categories are indicated. There is a list of rules that must be followed when developing strategies for import substitution. The article highlights the negative effect of the sanction imposition, reflected on the Russian foreign trade in 2016�2017, compared to 2013, as well as on the supply of high-tech investment products. Also, it gives particular examples of the current situation in some spheres of economic activity and identifies threshold requirements in industrial production in the world practice and Russia. Focusing on the effective re-equipment of the Russian economy, it is necessary to manufacture competitive labour tools in a certain order: from the production of labour tools for the machine-tool industry to their production for the engineering industries and to the production for other sectors of the economy. Attention should be paid to the quality of the workforce capable of servicing advanced technologies and equipment. There are tasks whose introduction will contribute to a successful solution of the problem of import substitution. The aim of this article is to identify "bottlenecks" in the development of the Russian economy and suggest measures to eliminate them, focusing on its essential components. Particular measures to increase the real potential of the country are suggested.

    Paper ID: 10A09E

  • A JUSTIFIED PLAN GRAPHICAL MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES IN MODERATE AND HUMID CLIMATE OF IRAN

    Atikeh Mohammadi Nasab, Peiman Pilechiha * (Department of Architecture, Kowsar Institute of Higher Education, IRAN )
    Mina Hajian (Architecture Department at Bu-Ali Sina University, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.113

    Keywords: Housing spatial configuration; Housing space parameters; Convex map; Integration value; Justified plan graph; Control value; Traditional house; Space syntax.

    Abstract
    The relevance problem of import substitution is explained with the practicability of using a systematic approach to analyze the real state of the Russian economy. This article provides a brief historical background on the origin of the idea of import substitution in the XVIII century and its further development. It considers its essence as a response to international sanctions imposed by the USA, the EU, and their allies. Noting that import substitution should be distinguished from protectionism, which is based on different aims. The mechanisms of import substitution by three main categories are indicated. There is a list of rules that must be followed when developing strategies for import substitution. The article highlights the negative effect of the sanction imposition, reflected on the Russian foreign trade in 2016�2017, compared to 2013, as well as on the supply of high-tech investment products. Also, it gives particular examples of the current situation in some spheres of economic activity and identifies threshold requirements in industrial production in the world practice and Russia. Focusing on the effective re-equipment of the Russian economy, it is necessary to manufacture competitive labour tools in a certain order: from the production of labour tools for the machine-tool industry to their production for the engineering industries and to the production for other sectors of the economy. Attention should be paid to the quality of the workforce capable of servicing advanced technologies and equipment. There are tasks whose introduction will contribute to a successful solution of the problem of import substitution. The aim of this article is to identify "bottlenecks" in the development of the Russian economy and suggest measures to eliminate them, focusing on its essential components. Particular measures to increase the real potential of the country are suggested.

    Paper ID: 10A09F

  • AN EXPERIMENT ON MEASUREMENT OF PAVEMENT ROUGHNESS VIA ANDROID-BASED SMARTPHONES

    Piyasak Thiandee, Boonsap Witchayangkoon*, Sayan Sirimontree(Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, Pathumtani, 12120, THAILAND ),
    Ponlathep Lertworawanich (Bureau of Highways Maintenance Management, Department of Highways, Ministry of Transportation, Royal Thai Government, THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.114

    Keywords: Pavement assessment; Pavement smoothness; RMS; Smartphone Accelerometer; Machine Learning; Pavement management.

    Abstract
    The study focuses on the experiment of using three different smartphones to collect acceleration data from vibration for the road roughness detection. The Android operating system is used in the application. The study takes place on asphaltic pavement of the expressway system of Thailand, with 9 km distance. The run vehicle has an inertial profiler with laser line sensors to record road roughness according to the IRI. The RMS and Machine Learning (ML) methods are used in this study. There is different ability of each smartphone to detect the vibration, thus different detected values are obtained. The results are compared to the IRI observation. ML method gives better result compared to RMS. This study finds little relationship between IRI and acceleration data from vibration collected from smartphones.

    Paper ID: 10A09G

  • IMPROVE QUALITY OF GLOBAL DEM FOR TOPOGRAPHIC MAPPING: CASE STUDY OF PETCHABURI PROVINCE, THAILAND

    Kritsada Anantakarn* (Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Rajamangala University of Technology Tawan-ok, THAILAND ),
    Phongphoom Sornchomkaew (Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin, THAILAND ),
    Thongchai Phothong (Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.115

    Keywords: Radar; SRTM; GNSS; LBand; accuracy; GCP; topography; RMS error.

    Abstract
    This research investigates the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) Version 3 Global 30m produced by The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). As one of the free download data sources from the internet, it is widely used for topographic mapping with global scale of accuracy from North America and Europe test sites. However, there is lack of local accuracy assessment and verification for SRTM data as in Southeast Asia and Thailand due to the absence of Global Positioning System (GPS) benchmarks used as sources of Ground Control Points (GCP). This research used GNSS L-band global correction service ATLAS? (Hemisphere) for building the GPS trajectory as a source of GCP for assessment and improving accuracy of SRTM Version 3 data. The result shows that absolute vertical accuracy was achieved less than Vertical RMS 1.3 meters in comparing with relative vertical RMS 8.7 meters in Euro-Asia continent accuracy scale as announced in SRTM data specification. These results and method can be useful for engineers who apply DEMs for various applications such as updating topographic map for landscape design and rural - urban development project in Thailand.

    Paper ID: 10A09H

  • EFFECT OF WORKING CAPITAL ON SUCCESS MEASUREMENT INDICATORS (NON-FINANCIAL VARIABLES)

    Fahimeh Nazari (Department of Accounting, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, IRAN ),
    Babak Jamshidinavid* (Department of Accounting, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, IRAN )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.116

    Keywords: Financial performance; Impure working capital; Financial leverage; Tehran Stock Exchange; Numbers of transaction times.

    Abstract
    This research investigates the effect of working capital on success measurement indicators (non-financial variables). In this research 142 corporations have been chosen as the research sample among 856 accepted corporations in Tehran Stock Exchange from 2012 to 2016. The research gathered data have used Stata software, Eviews software and Paneling Logit Model as verisimilitude maximizing method to test the research hypotheses. The research hypotheses are the effects of pure working capital and impure working capital on success measurement indicators, (non-financial variables: transaction mass (volume) and transaction times. The research findings indicate the positive and meaningful effect of pure working capital on mass (volume) and numbers of transaction times and lack of effect of impure working capital on mass (volume) and number of transaction times. The research results represent that existence of suitable working capital can help corporations to attract investors' trusts and motivations to invest. Based on the research findings, corporations' managers can play important roles on performance improvement specification and access corporations` success by knowing the important role and application of capital in cycle.

    Paper ID: 10A09I

  • PUBLIC SPACE AND PRIVATE SPACE CONFIGURATION IN INTEGRATED MULTIFUNCTIONAL RESERVOIR: CASE OF MARINA BARRAGE, SINGAPORE

    Nasiha Yusoff, Ahmad Sanusi Hassan*(School of Housing, Building & Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, MALAYSIA ),
    Asif Ali (Architecture Section (University Polytechnic), Aigarh Muslim University, INDIA )
    Boonsap Witchayangkoon (Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, Pathumtani, 12120, THAILAND )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.117

    Keywords: Financial performance; Impure working capital; Financial leverage; Tehran Stock Exchange; Numbers of transaction times.

    Abstract
    A proper space planning involves the design and planning of public and private spaces. This paper analysed the public and private space configuration in the Marina Barrage, Singapore. The aim is to identify the level of permeability and wayfinding in the case study. This study was analysed through the combined use of doing the graphs of the degree of permeability and wayfinding using the numbering system and the Likert scale. They were classified into five levels of permeability through illustrating in Likert scale. It can be concluded that the degree of permeability and wayfinding in Marina Barrage, it has a moderately clear distinction between public and private spaces and successful wayfinding and permeability system. Positive findings regarding circulation are obtained. These positive and beneficial findings lead to a deeper understanding of public space and private space configurations.

    Paper ID: 10A09J

  • AN INVESTIGATION ON THE CONSEQUENCES OF USING VIRTUAL SOCIAL NETWORKS IN PROMOTING THE SOCIAL CAPITAL

    Mohsen Zamani Pozveh (Media Management Program, Department of Management, Faculty of Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IRAN ),
    Faezeh Taghipour*, Akbar Etebarian Khorasgani(Department of Management, Faculty of Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IRAN. )

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2019.118

    Keywords: Social Networks, Social Media, Virtual Social Networks, Social Capital, Social Communications; Colaizzi's phenomenological method.

    Abstract
    This research investigated the consequences of using virtual social networks in promoting the social capital. The research method was qualitative, type of phenomenology, and the field of research included managers and experts in the field of media and communications, as well as the professors and social science experts. A purposive sampling method was used and the data were extracted using semi-structured interviews and analyzed by Colaizzi seven-step method. The results were collected until the theoretical saturation of the information. Findings indicated that the most important factors of social capital enhancement included the easy interaction and communication in cyberspace, increasing the coherence and participation by virtual social networks, social bonding in virtual social networks, interactive communication between people and government, and the power of virtual social networking. On the other hand, the most important barriers to social capital promotion included the gradual change in the norms and positive beliefs in cyberspace, social isolation, the publication of negative news in cyberspace, the expansion of individualism in cyberspace, weakening of the traditional social communication network, the promotion of disconfidence in social relations and weakening of ethics. The findings also indicated that the virtual social networks have both positive and negative outcomes. The social capital can be promoted with the correct use of social capital strengthening factors and removing the barriers of social capital.

    Paper ID: 10A09K



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