International Transaction Journal of Engineering,
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:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

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ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642
CODEN: ITJEA8


FEATURE PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

Vol.11(3) (2020)

  • MEDIA REPRESENTATION OF CHINA: FRAMING ANALYSIS OF HONG KONG DISPUTES IN PAKISTANI MEDIA

    Muhammad Aftab Madni Memon *, Shen Hui (School of Journalism and Communication, Shanghai University, CHINA ),
    Salman Yousaf (Institute of Banking and Finance, Bahauddin Zakariya University, PAKISTAN ),
    Zaid Usman (National College of Business Administration & Economics, PAKISTAN )

    Disciplinary: Multidisciplinary (Journalism and Mass Communication Sciences (Information and Media Sciences), Political Sciences (International Affairs/International Relations), Global Studies).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.41

    Keywords: China-Pakistan ties; News framing; War/Peace Journalism; Dispute reporting; Hong Kong protest.

    Abstract
    This study examines the inclination of two mainstream English daily newspapers of Pakistan in the context of war/peace Journalism by framing analysis of overall coverage regarding ongoing protests and disputes caused over introducing an extradition bill in Hong Kong, China. Secondly, this research evaluates the media representation of China in Pakistan based on news coverage of Hong Kong. The content analysis methodology and theoretical approaches based on peace journalism supported by framing were applied. The findings reveal that newspapers, i.e. Dawn and The News depict a higher degree of peace journalism frame in a total of 179 news stories. However, newspapers show favorable slants to protestors versus the Hong Kong government. Furthermore, Pakistan's newspapers highlight more neutral image of China. The salient and prominent indicators of Peace, like causes and consequences with people-oriented are justifying the peace journalism practices in Pakistan's media.

    Paper ID: 11A03A

  • INTERACTIVE EFFECTS OF WORKPLACE SPIRITUALITY AND JOB AUTONOMY WITH ORGANIZATION-BASED SELF-ESTEEM ON ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING CULTURE

    Mansoor Hussain and Amir Gulzar (Department of Business Administration, Foundation University Rawalpindi, PAKISTAN )

    Disciplinary: Management Sciences (Organization Manangement).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.42

    Keywords: Organizational Based Self Esteem; Organizational Learning Culture; Workplace Spirituality; Job Autonomy.

    Abstract
    Learning has assumed a key factor in the success of organizations. There is an ongoing debate among academics and practitioners alike about real essence of learning and its determinants. In this study, the main purpose is to examine the role of organizational based self-esteem as one enabler of organizational learning culture. A model has been proposed to scientifically analyze the moderating effects of workplace spirituality and job autonomy between organizational based self- esteem and organizational learning culture. Employees from private security companies participated in this research and linear regression analyses along Process Macro executed in SPSS® are used to test hypotheses. This research positions workplace spirituality and job autonomy in learning culture debate and implies that learning can be enriched by attending to spiritual enrichment and autonomous jobs. The research suggests a significant relationship between organizational based self-esteem and organizational learning culture, whereas moderation by workplace spirituality is not proven.

    Paper ID: 11A03B

  • EXPLAINING AND DESIGNING OF MANPOWER PRODUCTIVITY MANIFESTATION MODEL AT SADERAT BANK OF IRAN: CASE STUDY OF CENTRAL STAFFS

    Seyed Kazem Mortazavi Oskouei, Saeed Sayadi*, Sanjar Salajeghe (Department of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Islamic Azad University of Kerman Branch, Kerman, IRAN ),
    Ayyub Sheikhi (Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer, ShahidBahonar University of Kerman, Iran ),
    Navid Fatehi Rad (Department of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Islamic Azad University of Kerman Branch, Kerman, IRAN ).

    Disciplinary: Management Sciences (Human Resources Management).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.43

    Keywords: Organizational Related Factors; Personal Attitude Characteristics; Productivity Effects.

    Abstract
    This study used a structural model to explain and design the model of manpower productivity effects in Saderat Bank of Iran, a case study of Central Headquarters. For data collection and methodology, it is descriptive-correlation research. The sample size consisted of 360 employees of Saderat Bank of Iran selected by stratified random sampling. Data analysis was performed using SPSS and confirmatory factor analysis was performed using AMOS software. The results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between organizational related factors and manpower productivity effects in Saderat Bank of Iran. There is a positive and significant relationship between the characteristics of individuals' attitudes and manpower productivity effects in Saderat Bank of Iran. Finally, organizational related factors with the characteristics of individual attitude in Saderat Bank of Iran have a positive and significant mutual relationship. Therefore, by providing appropriate strategies and planning to meet these components, organizational related factors and individual attitude of human resources can be strengthened and subsequently enhanced human resource productivity effects.

    Paper ID: 11A03C

  • EFFECTIVENESS OF GROWTH STIMULANTS IN THE CULTIVATION OF KOREAN RED PINE SEEDLINGS (PINUS DENSIFLORA SIEBOLD ET ZUCC.) IN THE PRIMORSKY KRAI CONDITIONS

    Ostroshenko V.Yu. *, Poleschuk V.A. (Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FEB RAS), RUSSIA )

    Disciplinary: Biology (Plant Sciences/Botany).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.44

    Keywords: Korean red pine; forest nursery; seedlings; planting material; root-feeding; growth stimulant; Crezacin; Ribav-Extra; Zircon; Ecopin; Epin-Extra

    Abstract
    The influence of root-feeding stimulants Crezacin, Ribav-Extra, Zircon, Ecopin, Epin-Extra on the growth of Korean red pine seedlings (Pinus densiflora Siebold et Zucc.) at growing planting material is studied. Higher growth activity was observed in seedlings fed with growth stimulants Crezacin, Ribav-Extra and Ecopin at solution concentrations of 1ml/5l and 1ml/10l. It was revealed that these stimulants increase the growth of seedlings in height, neck diameter and root lobe length, and biomass. In the second year of seedlings growth, the laying of buds of side shoots was noted. Biennial seedlings, when using these stimulants in terms of growth, meet the requirements of the current OST 56-98-93. They can be used for planting on the forest area and transplanting into the school nursery department, for further cultivation of seedlings.

    Paper ID: 11A03D

  • MODERN TECHNOLOGIES AND APPROACHES TO THE TRIANGULATION ALGORITHMS

    Vitaly V. Baynev *, Sergey A. Fedosin * (Department of Automated Information Processing Systems and Management, Institute of Electronics and Light Engineering, National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, RUSSIA )

    Disciplinary: Computer Graphics.

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.45

    Keywords: Delaunay method; modeling, Triangulation network; Delaunay triangulation; Triangulation method.

    Abstract
    Features of organizing the automation systems for engineering calculations are considered. Program realization for the creation of triangular networks, in particular, the generator of networks based on a Delaunay method of creating triangulation is analyzed. Methods of creation of volume networks are also considered. Conformal networks with many-sided cells are presented. Triangulation methods, their essence, merits and demerits, algorithms of creating Delaunay triangulation are described.

    Paper ID: 11A03E

  • BEHAVIORAL SIMULATION OF INDUCTION MOTOR TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

    Alexander A. Pugachev*, A.Yu. Drakin, A.N. Shkolin (Industrial Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Bryansk State Technical University, RUSSIA )

    Disciplinary: Electrical Engineering (Motor Engineering).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.46

    Keywords: Asynchronous motor; AC electric motor; Behavioral simulation; Equivalent thermal circuit; Power losses; Finite element model; Differential equations; Control system; State and rotor windings; Cooling system; Overheating.

    Abstract
    The paper justifies the need to monitor and control the thermal state of the induction motor as a whole and its windings, as the most heat-loaded elements. A review of modern methods of measuring and determining the temperature of windings (including rotating) is carried out. It showed trends in the use of non-contact methods for determining temperature using mathematical models based on the finite element method and relevant thermal equivalent circuits. To determine the temperature distribution, an equivalent thermal model of an induction motor, consisting of 53 nodes, 31 of which are heat generating was developed. To determine the losses, a T-shaped equivalent circuit for replacing motor windings was used, taking into account losses in steel, non-linearity of the magnetization curve and the effect of current displacement in the rotor winding. The simulation results in steady and transient modes are presented.

    Paper ID: 11A03F

  • IMPACTS OF BANKING SYSTEM AND STOCK MARKET ON FIRM PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM VIETNAM'S REAL ESTATE SECTOR

    Toan Ngoc Bui (Faculty of Finance and Banking, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City (IUH), VIETNAM )

    Disciplinary: Management Sciences (Finance and Banking), Financial Engineering.

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.47

    Keywords: Financial development; Domestic credit; Stock market capitalization; Real estate firm; Vietnam's sustainable development.

    Abstract
    The paper investigates the impact of the banking system and stock market on the performance of real estate firms in Vietnam. Data are obtained from financial reports of 35 real estate firms and the World Bank database in the 2013-2017 period. By using the Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) in estimating the research model, the author finds first empirical evidence on the influence of the banking system and stock market on firm performance. Specifically, consistent with the earlier studies, the paper reveals that domestic credit to private sector (DCP) exerts a positive impact on firm performance (ROA). Also, it concludes an unprecedented finding that is stock market capitalization (SMC) is negatively correlated to firm performance (ROA). More than that, the results also stress that firm performance is significantly more influenced by developments in the banking system than those in the stock market. Based on these findings, the authorities in Vietnam can develop its banking system, stock market and real estate firms sustainably.

    Paper ID: 11A03G

  • THE MEDIATING ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY BETWEEN STUDENTS' ATTITUDES AND ENGAGEMENT TOWARDS SCIENCE: A QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS' PERCEPTION

    Saima Javed (School of Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xian, CHINA ),
    Zhang Wenlan (School of Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xian, CHINA and Institute for Digital Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xian, CHINA ),
    Abdul Sattar Ghaffari (Zhongtai Securities, Institutes for Financial Studies, Shandong University, Shandong, CHINA ),
    Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah * (School of Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xian, CHINA ).

    Disciplinary: Science Education, Education Management.

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.48

    Keywords: Pupils' attitude; Science learning; Students' engagement; Technology Attitude for Learning; Secondary Students.

    Abstract
    The attitude of students towards science is an important issue around the world. This study is an effort to enhance student's engagement by increasing their interest in science through technology. This study aimed to find the mediating role of technology between students' academic engagement and their attitude towards science. We conducted a mediation analysis on 400 completed questionnaires filled by science students of wah Cantt, Pakistan. The surveys were distributed among the science students of matriculation, including the 9th and 10th class of 15 randomly selected secondary schools. This study explored the mediating role of technology attitude for learning as a mediating variable between students' academic engagement and students' attitudes towards science. The results showed that a technology attitude for learning is a partial mediator between students' academic engagement and students' attitudes towards science. Further, the study also showed the levels of students' academic engagement, students' attitude, and technology attitude for learning is prominent in male students as well as 10th class students as compared to females and students of 9th class.

    Paper ID: 11A03H

  • LEGAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS OF G.F. SHERSHENEVICH: A RUSSIAN SCIENTIST AND POLITICIAN

    Gennady S. Pratsko * (Department of Commercial and Entrepreneurial Law, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, RUSSIA ),
    Julia I. Isakova (Department of Criminal Law and Criminalistics, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, RUSSIA ),
    Olga A. Andreeva (Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Taganrog Institute of Management and Economics, Taganrog, RUSSIA )

    Disciplinary: Multidisciplinary (Philosophy, History, Law, Sociology).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.49

    Keywords: Gabriel Feliksovich Shershenevich; philosophy of law; general theory of law; Russian theory of law; Russian theoreticians of law; methodology of law.

    Abstract
    This scientific article is devoted to the analysis of philosophical and political-legal concepts of one of the main representatives of Russian liberalism of the late XIX - early. XX centuries Gabriel Feliksovich Shershenevich. The study showed that he considered the main tasks of the philosophy of law to determine the nature of the relationship of universal laws of being with the laws of society, through which legal laws regulate people's behavior. As a result, he points out that there is no single answer to the question about the essence of the philosophy of law.

    Paper ID: 11A03I

  • AN APPRAISAL OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT MATURITY IN THE OIL AND GAS SECTOR OF PAKISTAN

    Yasir Tariq Mohmand * (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN ),
    Fahd Amjad (Centre of Excellence for CPEC, PIDE, Islamabad, PAKISTAN ),
    Syeda Mahlaqa Hina (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN ),
    and Khurrum Shahzad Mughal (Research Department, State Bank of Pakistan, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Management Sciences, Supply Chain Management.

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.50

    Keywords: Supply Chain Management (SCM); Maturity Model; Assessment test; Organizational best practice; O&G industry; O&G value stream.

    Abstract
    Oil and gas (O&G) supply chain management faces various challenges owing to its complexity and inflexibility mainly because of the rigid procurement process, long lead-time, complex multi-modal transportation and distribution involved. The same challenges are equally true for Pakistan's O&G industry. Although in the developing stage, the O&G supply chain has gained some level of maturity. As such, this study appraises the maturity level of supply chain and operation management practices of the Pakistan oil and gas industry using the Supply Chain Maturity Assessment Test (SCMAT). To carry out the assessment, a quantitative survey was conducted with 13 companies in the O&G industry of Pakistan. From the responses regarding the variables already defined in the SCMAT, companies were assessed to develop their maturity points and maturity levels. It is concluded that a higher score on variables of maturity demonstrates a higher level of maturity that in turn represents a more open and empowered management style.

    Paper ID: 11A03J

  • SUBSTANTIATION OF ELECTRIC FIELD IMPACT USE ON THE PROCESS OF MOISTURE SEPARATION FROM POROUS WASTE STRUCTURES

    Alina O. Kholudeneva * (Department of Technical Quality Management, Penza State Technological University, Penza, Baidukov passage, Gagarina str., 1a, 11 Penza, 440039, RUSSIA )

    Disciplinary: Waste Engineering.

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.51

    Keywords: Electroosmotic dehydration; Colloidal polydisperse systems Sewage sludge; capillary-porous systems; Pulp and paper industry wastes.

    Abstract
    During the study, information was collected and analyzed on the possibility of an electroosmotic device production - the converter of colloidal polydisperse systems into capillary-porous by electroosmotic dehydration in order to reduce the residual moisture of sewage sludge and pulp and paper industry wastes. Exponents were taken as the models expressing the mass of waste, as the function of drying time and electric current. According to the obtained determination coefficients, they concluded that the models corresponded to the initial experimental data, the use of exponential models were justified for further optimization of colloidal polydisperse system conversion into capillary porous ones.

    Paper ID: 11A03K

  • EFFICIENCY EVALUATION OF LISTED HOSPITAL COMPANIES IN THE CAPITAL MARKET: INTRODUCING A NEW HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCING

    Meghdad Rahati1 (Department of Health Services Management, Faculty of Management, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Iravan Masoudi Asl * (Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Masoud Aboulhallaje (Health Services Management, Budgeting and Performance Monitoring Center, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, IRAN ),
    Mehdi Jafari (Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN and Health Manager Development Institute, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, IRAN ).

    Disciplinary: Health Management, Management Sciences (Financial Management).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.52

    Keywords: Public hospitals, Chain Hospitals, Business Companies, Stock companies, Hospital administration; Hospital financial performance.

    Abstract
    The capital market has an important role in the economy and stagnant money and capital flow through a company at a low cost. Because no studies have been published on listed hospital companies, researchers have sought to identify them, evaluate their efficiency and the determinate relationship between efficiency and profitability and liquidity ratios. This study was done in 2018. The statistical sample is 49 hospital companies listed on capital markets that were evaluated for the availability of financial data for 2013-2016. The DEA technique and regression in a panel data model has been used. The findings show that efficiency during the four years was 0.41, 0.77, 0.82 and 0.81 respectively, and there is a significant relationship between profitability and liquidity ratios and efficiency. In the world, hospitals are administrated as public companies in the capital market, in addition to other models. Some of these companies have one and some have more than one hospital in the capital market as active holdings. The increase and relatively good efficiency of hospital companies, given the direct correlation between efficiency and profitability and liquidity ratios, indicate the potential of companies to fulfill financial obligations and a positive evaluation of the companies' performance.

    Paper ID: 11A03L

  • TRANSDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO THE LEARNING PROCESS ORGANIZATION IN THE E-LEARNING INFORMATION ENVIRONMENT OF A COLLEGE

    Elizaveta Afanasyevna Barakhsanova *, Mikhail Semenovich Prokopyev (Information Science and Computing Engineering Department, Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (NEFU), 2 Lenina Av., Yakutsk, 677000, RUSSIA ),
    Sargylana Gavrilyevna Olesova (Department of Teaching Methods of Sakha Language, Literature and National Culture at Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, 58 Belinskogo Str., Yakutsk, 677000, RUSSIA ),
    Nikolay Petrovich Olesov (Department of Physical Education, Institute of Physical Culture and Sports, Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (NEFU), 58 Belinskogo Str., Yakutsk, 677000, RUSSIA ),
    Tamara Nikolayevna Lukina, Maksim Anatolyevich Sorochinskiy (Information Science and Computing Engineering Department, Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (NEFU), 2 Lenina Av., Yakutsk, 677000, RUSSIA ),
    Fyodor Fyodorovich Tatarinov (Myurunskaya Youth Gymnasium named after V.V. Alekseyev, 27 Stroiteley Str., Borogontsy village, 678350, RUSSIA ).

    Disciplinary: Education Sciences (College Education), Information Technology (Elearning).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.53

    Keywords: Educational process organization; transdisciplinary approach; teacher, e-learning; e-learning information environment; Master’s degree education.

    Abstract
    The work relates to the professional teaching to the problem of teacher training, taking into account the current social challenges and the learning process management in college. This article focuses on the effectiveness of applying the transdisciplinary approach in the learning process organization when training future teachers in college in the context of e-learning implementation. Analysis of foreign and Russian scholars’ theoretical positions on the issues of college educational management and the teacher training organization in the e-learning information environment is the leading approach to the case study, at the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (NEFU) focusing on training competitive specialists with a high level of professional thinking and managerial and educational culture. The method involves interviews more than 250 NEFU students pursuing a master’s degree in Preschool Management, Project Management in Education, Innovative Processes in Education, Corporate e-Learning, and Technology and e-Learning management in the Teacher Training Institute at NEFU. The survey objectives were to study the level of formedness of professional, personal, and specialized competencies in future teachers.

    Paper ID: 11A03M

  • MAJOR FACTORS DETERMINING ACCUMULATION OF TOXIC ELEMENTS BY BEES AND HONEY PRODUCTS

    Murashova E.A. *, Tunikov G.M., Nefedova S.A., Karelina O.A., Byshova N.G., Serebryakova O.V. (Ryazan State Agrotechnological University named after P.A. Kostycheva, RUSSIA )

    Disciplinary: Multidisciplinary (Biology, Ecology/Ecosystem, Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Science, Food Sciences (Nutrition and Toxicity)).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.54

    Keywords: Honey bees; Honey contamination; Heavy metals contamination; Ecosystem monitoring; Bee pollen; Bee bread; Ecotoxicity; Propolis; Honey products; Toxic contamination; Bee body contamination.

    Abstract
    This study presents the results of the main factors that determine the accumulation of toxic elements in the body of bees and some honey products. The following tasks were solved: evaluation of the dynamics of the movement of the heavy metals along with the trophic chain soil-plant-body of bee-honey products; clarification of the main mechanism and the main factors determining the accumulation of heavy metals in the body of bees and honey products. Samples of soil, plants, bees, as well as honey products from areas of the Ryazan region in Russia, were investigated by the method of atomic absorption spectrometry to determine heavy metals. It was found that of all honey products the most environmentally friendly product is honey, and propolis, pollen, and bee bread were most polluted. It was established that the maximum purity of honey was determined by its biochemical composition (mainly carbohydrates, which are secreted by secretory cells of nectaries within a few hours) and by careful draining of pollen grains from nectar by an intermediate valve in a honey sac. It was revealed that the main amount of heavy metals accumulated in the body of bees due to intensive consumption of pollen and bee bread for two weeks, contamination of which was hundreds of times higher than that of nectar and honey, as well as during processing of nectar into honey when draining pollen and entering it into the midgut. The level of pollution of honey products was strongly influenced by the remoteness of the family from the source of pollution. The bee, pollen, and propolis can serve as objective indicators of environmental cleanliness of the environment and the content of heavy metals.

    Paper ID: 11A03N

  • EFFECTS OF CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR ON REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

    Iqtidar Hussain *(School of International Relations and Public Affairs, Shanghai International Studies University (SISU), No. 550 Dalian west Road, 200083, Shanghai, CHINA ),
    Guo Ke (School of Journalism and Communication, Shanghai International Studies University (SISU), No. 550 Dalian west Road, 200083, Shanghai, CHINA ),
    Shaher Bano (School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road, Baoshan District, Shanghai, CHINA ),
    Muhammadi, Israr Hussain (School of International Relations and Public Affairs, Shanghai International Studies University (SISU), No. 550 Dalian west Road, 200083, Shanghai, CHINA ).

    Disciplinary: International Economics and Political Sciences (International Relations/International Cooperations/Geopolitics, International Economic Policy).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.55

    Keywords: Neo-Functionalism; Trade integration; CPEC agreement; Economic integration; Regional cooperation; Pak-China relations; Pak-Iran relations; Central Asia Republics, Sino-Pakistan Agreement.

    Abstract
    The Sino-Pakistan Agreement on China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a combination of infrastructure and energy projects worth $62 billion as of 2018 for economic development and regional integration. The potential and significant projects of CPEC intend to develop the landscape of regional integration by constructing interconnected infrastructure projects. This agreement envisions restructuring and transforming the local connectivity of the states of China, Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, India, and CARs. This study emphasizes to argue and examine the likely impacts of CPEC projects on regional integration, specifically for enhancing the economic ties among the states. The "Neo-Functionalism Theory" deems fit to analyze the potential plans of CPEC for achieving regional integration and economic growth.

    Paper ID: 11A03O

  • USES OF NEW/SMART MATERIALS IN THE GREEN BUILDING WITH SUSTAINABILITY CONCERNS

    Morteza Mahmoudian, Parisa Sharifikheirabadi (Architecture and Regional Planning Program, Islamic Azad Universality of Yazd, Yazd, IRAN )

    Disciplinary: Architecture Engineering (Sustainable Architecture).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.56

    Keywords: Smart building systems; Green architecture; Green roof; Green design; Sustainable environmental architecture; Smart energy management; Architecture technology.

    Abstract
    Due to the importance of energy in green buildings, one of the most critical solutions to achieve a sustainable environmental architecture that tries to cope with nature instead of overcoming it and use of renewable energy instead of fossil fuels. Smart architecture and building systems can reduce energy consumption as well as provide desirable comfort to residents of the green building. The widespread and growing need of the community to buildings and housing, the necessity of using new construction systems and modern materials to increase the pace of construction, light-weighting, increasing service life and also buildings` retrofit against earthquakes have been proposed more than ever. Solving problems such as long run time, poor service life, high cost of building construction, environmental issues, and existing pollution in today's cities requires a public determination and fundamental changes in the type and use of materials, building systems, and architecture. The need to achieve such an ideal is to apply technology again to produce smart and new materials that guide the ecological behavior of the building towards smart energy management; this means the application of materials that best adapt to environmental changes. The use of smart materials reduces energy consumption in green buildings with a sustainable development approach that was reviewed and investigated using a descriptive-analytical method.

    Paper ID: 11A03P

  • SEGMENTAL LINING GROUT SOLUTIONS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF TUNNELS AND MINING GALLERIES

    Anischenko V.I. (Spetsmodulproject LLC, RUSSIA and Mining Institute, National University of Science and Technologies (NUST MISiS), Leninsky Prospect, 6, Moscow, RUSSIA )
    Atrushkevich V.A. (Mining Institute, National University of Science and Technologies (NUST MISiS), Leninsky Prospect, 6, Moscow, RUSSIA )
    Golik V.I. * (North Caucasus Mining and Metallurgical Institute (State Technological University), Geophysical Institute of the Vladikavkaz Scientific Center, the Russian Academy of Sciences, 362021, Vladikavkaz, Cosmonaut Nikolaev Street, 44, RUSSIA )
    Alberto N. Rodriguez (Mining Institute, National University of Science and Technologies (NUST MISiS), Leninsky Prospect, 6, Moscow, RUSSIA )

    Disciplinary: Tunnel Engineering, Concrete/Cement Technology.

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.57

    Keywords: Grout rheology; Construction workings; High-precision lining; Tunneling complex; Cement slurry; Reinforcement solutions.

    Abstract
    The article deals with the selection of the composition of cement slurries for the construction of mine workings with concrete lining and high-precision segment lining. When using cement slurries to fill the space between the lining and the rock containing the mining output, the solution prepared from locally available materials may not meet the requirements, and the use of imported ready-mixed mixtures will be unacceptably expensive. Optimization of application modes of cement slurries in the construction of tunnels with a segment lining to increase the reliability of powerful and high-performance equipment. Systematization of the theory and practice of building tunnels with high-precision lining using mechanized tunneling complexes. Mathematical descriptions of the processes, experimental modeling of the obtained dependencies, and emergencies associated with the preparation of cement slurries are systematized. A description of the rheology of the cement slurry in the process of lining and the mechanism of the solution-rock mass system is given. The results of the experiment on the reinforcement of cement and lime cement slurries are given. The expediency of the solution reinforcement was confirmed not only for the formation of thixotropic properties but also for the maintenance of suspension. The results of a critical assessment of the components of cement slurries in relation to their use in mechanized tunnel complexes are given. The parameters for the preparation and use of mixtures should be selected on the basis of the results of comprehensive studies in specific conditions. The quality of preparation of the cement mixture in a complex increases the efficiency of the use of mechanized tunnel complexes.

    Paper ID: 11A03Q

  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CLASSROOM ORGANIZATIONAL SKILLS AND PROFESSIONAL ATTITUDE OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS TEACHERS AND HEAD TEACHERS REGARDING STUDENTS' MOTIVATION IN DISTRICT D.I.KHAN

    Muhammad Ihsan *, Malik Amer Atta, Matiullah & Muhammad Shahbaz (Institute of Education & Research, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Educational Sciences (Primary Education).

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.58

    Keywords: Positive classroom; Male teachers; Classroom management system; Public primary schools; Private primary school; Positive motivation students; Quality primary education.

    Abstract
    This study focused on classroom organizational skills and the professional attitude of teachers and head teachers as well as students' motivation at Primary school level. The population of the study comprised of all Public and Private Primary Schools teachers and head teachers in district D.I.Khan. With, random sampling, the total 179 respondents were Primary Schools teachers and 54 Primary Schools head teachers). The key purpose was to investigate the relationship between classroom organizational skills and professional attitude of Primary school teachers and head teachers regarding students' motivation in district D.I.Khan. The study was delimited to all-male Public and Private school teachers and head teachers in district D.I.Khan. Three-point Likert scale (Yes, No, To Some Extent) was used for the purpose of data collection from the respondents. Data were analyzed through the Chi-Square Online Calculator by using P-value and Chi-Square. The attitudes and organizational skills of professional teachers and head teachers are the key factors and tools to positively motivate their students for better and quality education.

    Paper ID: 11A03R

  • A METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF A CONSTRUCTION OBJECT

    Panfilov Stepan Aleksandrovich * (Institute of Electronics and Lighting of the Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, 68 Bolshevitskaya street, Ogarev Mordovia State University, Republic of Mordovia, Saransk, 430005, RUSSIA ),
    Lomshin Mikhail Ivanovich (Faculty of Pre-university Training and Secondary Vocational Education, 68 Bolshevitskaya street, Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, 430005, RUSSIA ),
    Kabanov Oleg Vladimirovich (Institute of Electronics and Lighting of the Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, 68 Bolshevitskaya street, Ogarev Mordovia State University, Republic of Mordovia, Saransk, 430005, RUSSIA ),
    Sergushina Elena Sergeevna (Faculty of Pre-university Training and Secondary Vocational Education, 68 Bolshevitskaya street, Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, 430005, RUSSIA ).

    Disciplinary: Electronic Engineering, Thermal science.

    (Backup file)

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.60

    Keywords: Non-destructive testing method; Heat loss; Thermal conductivity; Specific heat; Know-how.

    Abstract
    Based on the analysis of the literature, a method was proposed for determining the actual thermophysical properties (thermal conductivity) of an object, according to which a portable automated installation was later developed to determine the thermophysical properties of an object using non-destructive testing using modern means of control and information processing for more a short period of time, non-stationary method. The developed installation is capable of determining the thermophysical properties of an object, as well as the spatial pattern of the distribution of heat flows inside the object, using non-destructive testing.

    Paper ID: 11A03T




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