Olga Anatolievna Medvedeva (Institute of Computational Mathematics and Information Technology, Kazan Federal University, RUSSIA ),
Aleksandr Nikolaevich Ivanov, Nikolay Danilovich Morozkin, Svetlana Anatol'evna Mustafina (Department of Applied Informatics and Numerical Methods, Bashkir State University, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Neural networks Modeling; Machine learning; Hyperparameters; Electrolysis; Pseudorandom distribution of connections.
This article analyzed the applicability of artificial neural networks to solve the problems of physicochemical process modeling using the example of the mercury electrolyzer operation mode used in caustic soda production. This paper also described the basic qualities of the existing neural networks and the ways of their training. The authors propose the solution to the problem of modeling based on the networks with pseudo-random distribution of connections. This paper described the architecture of these networks, three learning algorithms are proposed. The implementation of neural networks with pseudo-random distribution of connections was performed by Python programming language. The article presents the comparative learning results of different networks with different sets of hyperparameters. Also, the determination of the optimal settings of neural networks allows achieving high learning efficiency. The resulting neural network model described the electrolysis process adequately in accordance with the available source data.
Paper ID: 10A16A
Elvira Ildarovna Bulatova *, Ekaterina Alekseevna Potapova, Regina Andreevna Fathutdinova, Ruslan Chirgishanovich Yandiev (Institute of Management, Economics and Finance, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Financial risk; Financial soundness; Banking System; Financial Soundness Index; Financial sustainability indicator.
This article presents the results of a structural-dynamic analysis of the Russian Federation's banking system's current state and its exposure to financial risks. The results of the study confirm the feasibility of using the financial sustainability indicator as a tool for monitoring and controlling the Russian Federation's banking system's current state. In the course of the study, the financial sustainability index was calculated both for the banking system as a whole and for specific banks selected by the criterion "is or is not under sanctions", which is a relevant aspect in the context of financial sanctions risks when determining flexibility, sustainability and ability level the adverse effects of commercial banks. With regular calculation of financial stability indexes, timely detection of the banking system financially successful participants with effective risk management is possible, which for commercial banks themselves is a significant competitive indicator, since the concentration of the main customer base occurs among the most successful market participants. With the decline in the number of operating credit institutions, risk management ongoing modernization, banking under various economic complications, political, financial and other shocks, commercial banks have needed to identify their competitive potential and identify aspects of the development of the bank’s future strategy.
Paper ID: 10A16B
Dmitrii Tumakov* (Institute of Computational Mathematics and Information Technologies, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Elena Fazleeva (Department of Physical Education and Sports, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Alsu Valeeva (Research Laboratory Modern Geoinformation and Geophysical Technologies, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Roald Akberov (Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA and Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Hyperdynamia; Dosed physical load; Foreign student adaptation; International student psychophysiological adaptation; load optimization; Ordinary differential equation (ODE); Culture shock; Rate of change of the adaptation potential (RCAP); Adaptation coefficient (AC).
Adaptation to a foreign culture environment represents one of the major problems that international students encounter upon arrival in another country. From the very first days at a university, international students stay in an unfamiliar sociocultural, linguistic and ethnic environment, to which they must adapt within the shortest possible time. The adaptation process itself, in this case, is quite complicated and includes several types of adaptation: physiological, individual psychological, socio-psychological, ethno-psychological, cultural, communicative, etc. All these types of adaptation, especially at the initial stage of studying, manifest themselves simultaneously and represent serious obstacles in both cognitive and communicative activities. Therefore, the identification of factors contributing to an increase in efficiency and acceleration of the course of adaptation processes among international students is an integral part of solving the problem of adaptation of this contingent of students.
We consider psychophysiological adaptation as the most essential component of the entire adaptation process. In this paper, we propose a mathematical model, which represents a boundary value problem for an ordinary differential equation. Graphs explaining the main provisions of the model are presented. Cases of adaptation processes in the presence of cyclic processes are considered. The optimal physical activity promoting the most rapid adaptation is determined.
Paper ID: 10A16C
Natalia V. Maklakova, Ekaterina S. Khovanskaya, Ekaterina A. Senchenkova (Kazan Federal University, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Russia university education; Life-long learning (LLL); student; Russia; LLL programs; Minor University; Multidivisional approach.
The paper presents the analysis of continuing education as a social phenomenon, its nature, basic aspects, and principles, as well as the experience of Kazan Federal University in implementing a life-long learning (LLL) program, its basic stages and achievements. The authors arrive at the conclusion that the LLL program can help to promote social inclusion and personal fulfillment, as well as to increase peopleďż˝s employability and social adaptability. The central point of the program is the idea that people at any age and at any stage of their life should have a chance to take intense training courses in various fields of knowledge. Kazan Federal University offers a multifaceted LLL program that has several levels and profiles. There is the Childrenďż˝s University for children aged 5 to 14 aimed to promote scientific knowledge among children. Senior schoolers choose to enter one of 9 departments of our Minor University, a pre-university training center targeting development of creative activity and cognitive abilities of teenagers. Minor University enrolls about 500 students. Having entered the university, the students have a lot of opportunities to take optional short- and long-term courses in different fields of knowledge. The program includes the University of the Third Age, a unique and exciting phenomenon providing life-enhancing and life-changing opportunities.
Paper ID: 10A16D
Nadejda Gennadyevna Kutsevol*, Gregory Gamirovich Batyrshin (Department of Management in Social Sphere, Institute of Management, Economics and Finance, Kazan Federal University, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Unprofitable growth; Human freedoms; Human capital; Conformism; Resentment; Economic growth factors.
This article reflects our attempt to show the failure of economic growth's factors, namely, the human capital factor. Obstacles to achieving economic growth indicators are lost human freedoms, which significantly undermine the quality of human capital. The concept of human capital itself is as cynical, far as it ignores the true aspirations of man. The parameters of economic expediency and the wanting for economic growth require strict subordination, quite often, to an abstract idea and not quite a "healthy economic fantasy." The inner freedom of man will be subject to external circumstances. Restrictions of freedoms, the subordination of life to ideas, including ideas of consumerism, will destroy even illusions of economic growth. The reason for this destruction will be the growing resistance of man in an attempt to restore the lost freedoms. Educating a person in the conformism' spirit, living in a "royal (court) system" significantly reduces the opportunities for economic growth. Conformism is considered as a convenient form of existence in a rapidly declining passionarity of society. The conflict of "passionarity - conformism" with allocation of favorable conditions of development of the last is considered. It is shown that conformity, causing professional powerlessness, initiates the conditions of falling economic growth.
Paper ID: 10A16E
Kulikova L.I., Mukhametzyanov R.Z* (Institute of Management, Economics and Finance, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, 420008, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Accounting reporting development; Double-entry bookkeeping; Accounting objects; Information users.
In recent decades, a special interest in studying the history of the accounting and reporting development has been evolving in the Russian and foreign scientific community. Undoubtedly, the reason for this is both an attempt to identify trends in the development of this science, and the desire to establish justice (truth) in the existing contradictions and fill in the gaps in the history of the development of this phenomenon. In its historical development, accounting reporting has passed a sufficient number of stages, and its current state has formed under the influence of certain factors. Based on the historical approach, it is possible to identify the prerequisites for the origin of financial statements, distribution conditions, identify development stages and areas of improvement. Many authors divide the history of the accounting reporting development in 2 stages, where the emergence of double-entry bookkeeping is considered as a turning point. With the development of the economy, the expansion of trade, and the emergence of new accounting entities, the system for reflecting the economic activity facts was improved, and the reporting forms became more complicated. Based on the analysis of various sources, we provide the main characteristics of reporting, based on the various stages of development of mankind and science in general. The current state of the accounting (financial) statements is reflected and the prospects for its development are indicated.
Paper ID: 10A11F
Gaifutdinova Rozaliia Zakievna* (Department of Legal Disciplines, Naberezhnye Chelny Institute, Higher School of Economics and Law, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, 420008, RUSSIA )
Liliia Tahirovna Gibadullina (Department of Private Law of the State, Institution of Higher Professional Education, Kazan State University and Ulyanov-Lenin, Naberezhnye Chelny, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Recovery framework of enforcement proceeding; Construction in progress; Levy of execution on rent; Common ownership.
The paper provides an analysis of the features concerning recovery proceedings against such non-typical real property facilities as real estate items encumbered by rents, incomplete construction projects, items of common property rights, and also property held by third parties. These objects are poorly studied in the enforcement proceedings theory; however, they are quite common in practice. The authors note that a court-enforced collection against real property secured for life endowment cannot be imposed without the consent of the pensioner. For recovery proceedings against construction in progress, their preliminary state registration as a real estate object must be made. The paper substantiates the feasibility of enshrining the approach according to which a requirement to apportion a participatory share in the common property of spouses when a recovery is applied to it within the framework of enforcement proceedings can be brought to court precisely by a bailiff.
The methodological basis for the study was the dialectical-materialistic method of cognizing legal reality, along with which general scientific methods were also used - analysis and synthesis, the logical method, as well as particular scientific methods - system-structural, formal-legal, comparative-legal, and others.
Paper ID: 10A16G
Anastasia V. Fakhrutdinova*, Liona L. Grigoreva (Institute of International Relations, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA ),
Valentina N. Krylova(Faculty of Art, Volgograd State Institute of Arts and Culture, Tsiolkovsky Street, Volgograd, 400001, RUSSIA ),
Olga A. Kalimullina (Kazan State Institute of Culture, Orenburg tract, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Cultural education; Generation continuity; Young generations; Maintaining community culture; National unity; Russia festive culture; Cultural globalization.
The festive culture of Russia dramatically changes because of the entry into the process of globalization. Purpose of the research is to perform a number of positions: to study the phenomenon of festive culture, to identify the factors of festive culture in Russia development, to consider the dynamics of festive culture, to reveal the essential characteristics of festive culture. The method of the investigation of this problem is system-structural analysis, which allows us to consider the holiday culture as a system and trace its dynamics.
The article presents an analysis of the state of modern festive culture in Russia. The relationship between the level of development of festive culture and the process of globalization is revealed in the article: festive culture reflects not only traditional Russian values, but also universal axiological system that expresses the principles of humanism and tolerance of the modern world. The essential characteristics of festive culture are: forced its development, combinations of traditions and innovations, the predominance of the mythological component, the renewal of the festive calendar.
Paper ID: 10A16H
Aigul Vakhitovna Salikhova*, Alexey Gennadievich Isavnin, Irina Ilyinichna Eremina, Denis Mikhailovich Lysanov, Izida Ildarovna Ishmuradova (Department of Business Informatics and Mathematical Methods in Economics, Higher School of Economics and Law, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Business E-process, E-taxation; E-reporting, Tax calculations; Taxpayers; OLAP database; eTax cloud service; E-document management.
The article is devoted to the consideration of pressing issues related to the optimization of the tax system business processes. On the example of work with weakly profitable and unprofitable enterprises, electronic document management organization and the operation with payer statements, specific recommendations are proposed based on modern digital technologies for these business processes optimization. So, in particular, they substantiated the feasibility of the Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) database, Data Mining, cloud service, the XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) language, and the taxonomy of financial reporting application.
Paper ID: 10A16I
Rezida M. Nigomatullina* (Institute of Social and Philosophical Sciences and Mass Communications, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Iskander F. Fakhritdinov (Institute of International Relations, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Instrumental rationality; Rational management; Managerial rationality; Technical rationality; Value rationality; Russian science; Know-how; Philosophy of economics.
The article analyzes two management paradigms, distinguished by the place that is assigned to it in the social system. Management can be seen as a superstructure, secondary process and as a basic process, which is the cause of social change. It is shown that in the first case, management is taken into account only as an external factor in relation to everyday economic, political, cultural interactions, and therefore its potential for social changes is often underestimated. This is also characteristic of Russian science. In the second case, management is considered as a basic process that assimilates cultural and value models of social development, and therefore it should be studied in the broad context of symbolic-semantic forms. They considered the features of normative and value rationality application to both paradigms.
Paper ID: 10A16J
Airat Faritovich Mukhamadeev*, Aydar Mirgalimovich Tufetulov, Gulnara Nasimovna Khadiullina (Institute of Management, Economics and Finance, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Russia import strategy; Import substitution; Sanctions restrictions; Food addiction; Russian economy; Russia agricultural development; Food industry; Food market; Food security, Import policy.
The article is devoted to the analysis of ideas about the content and processes of import substitution and forms of implementation in the field of food security in the modern Russian economy. Import substitution is simultaneously defined as a long-term development strategy of the state, as a system of measures of state regulation and as a set of processes in individual sectors of the economy aimed at improving the level and quality of life of the population. The role of import substitution processes in the formation of effective demand and neutralizing threats to food security is revealed. Based on the analysis of the interim results of the implementation of federal programs to stimulate the processes of import substitution for the period 2014-2017, the conclusion is made about the decrease in the level of import dependence in the food market for the main groups of goods. Negative trends in the studied sector of the economy were identified, the reasons for their implementation were formulated, directions for improving control measures were proposed, the implementation of which implies the need to improve the quality of food products and the level of competitiveness of their producers in the external and internal markets. The analysis of the dynamics of the integral level of food dependence of the Russian Federation is presented and the conclusion is made about the positive impact on the dynamics of its indicators of measures implemented within the framework of the import substitution program. The necessity of the implementation of import substitution measures in conjunction with measures to stimulate the process and product innovations, as well as taking into account industry and regional peculiarities of producers has been substantiated.
Paper ID: 10A11K
Veronika M. Krutikova*, Alexey G. Isavnin, Irina I. Eremina, Denis M. Lysanov, Izida I. Ishmuradova (Department of Business Informatics and Mathematical Methods in Economics, Higher School of Economics and Law, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Payroll management; Enterprise management; Payroll optimization; HR system; HRM; Personnel records; Payroll system; Automation management.
The organization of management accounting is an important factor for the creation and support of the main business processes of a company, as it is human resources that serve as the “engine” of processes. There is a large selection of information systems that allow you to keep personnel records and payroll in one product. However, depending on the specifics of a company and system requirements, not every developed application solution will be useful to maintain management accounting for a particular company. Today, in the Russian market, the software "1C: Payroll and Personnel Management" takes a leading position in the framework of automation systems. Delivery options (Basic version, PROF and CORP) are tailored to the specific needs of a company. The implementation of this software has its own sequence of actions, which will allow avoiding possible difficulties during the transition from one system to another. The studied interaction network of the main participants (project manager, consultant, programmer, responsible for the part of the customer, end-users) will help to avoid disagreement at the initial stages of automation. Based on specialized literature and practical experience, classification of typical errors was analyzed and given, and possible solutions were proposed that would reduce time and economic resources.
Paper ID: 10A16L
Panfilov Stepan Aleksandrovich, Lomshin Mikhail Ivanovich, Sergushina Elena Sergeevna, Kabanov Oleg Vladimirovich*(Ogarev Mordovia State University, 68 Bolshevitskaya Street, Republic of Mordovia, Saransk, 430005, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Heat transfer, Heat transfer coefficient, Heat transfer resistance, Energy efficiency; Thermophysical properties (TPP).
This article discusses the important role of experimental research in determining the thermophysical properties (TPP) of the object under study. The classification of existing methods is given, and also the analysis of restrictions, existing ways of definition of thermophysical properties of building objects is made. The existing methods and devices for determining the TPP of the investigated building objects, in most cases, require the reproduction of special conditions for the experiment, placement of special sensors in the thickness of the material under study, etc. Therefore, for the existing devices, the problem of obtaining reliable research results in industrial, civil and commercial use objects is actual; consequently, innovative methods for establishing the thermophysical properties of fences and various types of structures are required.
Paper ID: 10A16M
Natalya Lazareva (Department of Economic Theory of World Economy, North Caucasus Federal University, RUSSIA
Oksana Takhumova (Department of Economic Analysis, Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilina, RUSSIA )
Anna Fedorkova, Olga Sverchkova, Zhanna Gornostaeva(Institute of Service and Entrepreneurship, Don State Technical University, a Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education in the City of Shakhty, Rostov Region, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Regional economy; Real estate development; Economic development; Building industry; Investment attractiveness; Socioeconomic development; Socioeconomic growth.
The priority task of the state is to increase the investment attractiveness of Russian manufacturing industries. Formation of an effective mechanism for managing the construction industry based on the self-organization mechanism. To achieve this goal, it began to function legally in the construction of self-regulatory organizations (SROs), which is a system of admission to the market for construction goods, works and services. However, there are a number of problems that are manifested in the absence of a specialization system for construction enterprises by type of work (services) or facilities being carried out, and insufficient liability of members. This problem can be solved by forming a building cluster. The work considers environmental objects that interact with construction companies, a rating analysis of the regions by the volume of housing commissioned, the leading developers and contractors in the Russian Federation are presented. Based on the proposed methodology for assessing the contribution of the construction cluster to the region's economy, the paper presents the development efficiency of the industry in the context of individual regions of the country. Proposed results can be used by executive bodies of state power, business entities, educational institutions for the development and adoption of managerial decisions on the effective development of the regional economy, the development of strategies and programs for economic development at different levels.
Paper ID: 10A16N
Maria Igorevna Prygunova(Virtual Research Laboratory "RNF-17-45-VP" of the Socio-Political Sciences Division, General and Ethnic Sociology Department, Kazan Federal University, 42008, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Valeria Olegovna Korunova(Quality Research Department, State Budgetary Institution, Center for Advanced Economic Research, Academy of Sciences, Republic of Tatarstan, 420111, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Elvira Gumarovna Nikiforova (General Management Department, Institute of Management, Economics and Finance, KFU, 420008, Kazan, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Content analysis; Socioeconomic growth; YouDo; Portrait of a self-employed citizen; Freelancer; Kazan state; Youthification; Shadow economy.
This study is influent by the current trend of strengthening measures to legalize the activities of self-employed businessmen and the launch of pilot projects for their voluntary registration in Russian Federation four regions, including the Republic of Tatarstan. Since early 2019, the media announced the successful implementation of this pilot project in the Republic of Tatarstan, with a plan of having registrants 60 thousand self-employed citizens in a year. However, the latest data, for the first half of 2019 shows only 20 thousand registrants (including 499 minors). This is one-third of the plan, which indicates a lagging pace of its implementation. In this regard, the study of the qualitative and quantitative dynamics of the self-employment phenomenon is of great importance. This paper presents the results of the pilot self-employment study in the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan, implemented by the method of content analysis of questionnaires of participants on the YouDo website in Kazan during January-June 2018 and 2019. The practical significance of the results identifies trends in the number of self-employed Kazan citizens, as well as trends in the fundamental features of the social portrait of a self-employed in Kazan. Therefore, despite the change in Russian legislation and the introduction of a number of initiatives aimed at the legalization of self-employment, the number of self-employed Kazan citizens, which are traditionally middle-aged men offering their services on YouDo in Kazan, is growing just as the share of youth and women among them is growing.
Paper ID: 10A16O
Mikhail P. Loginov (Ural State University of Economics, Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA )
Oleg A. Markov (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA )
Aleksey V. Ruchkin (Ural State Agrarian University, Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA )
Keywords: Project cycle; Project management system; Russia Project process; Government project implementation; Efficiency of state project; Russia project management initiative.
The authors present the theoretical and methodological foundations of building regional project management systems in the Sverdlovsk region, on domestic experience in managing regional projects in the framework of the subject of the Russian Federation. The authors reviewed the process of implementing project management at the federal and regional levels, assessed the formed organizational structure, identified problems and made practical recommendations. The object of the research in the article is the management system for priority projects (programs) in state authorities of the Russian Federation. The subject of the study is the methodology for implementing a project management system at the regional level. The purpose of the study is to analyze the methods of implementing project management systems in government of region. Evaluation of effectiveness and author's proposals in order to improve the project management system in government of Sverdlovsk region and other regions
Paper ID: 10A16P