(Department of Architecture, College of Engineering, University of Mosul, IRAQ),
(School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA).
Disciplinary: Architecture (Heritage Architecture, Theory of Design, Urban Design).
Keywords: Heritage architecture; Old Mosul City; Heritage street; Urban conservation.
Cultural heritage has an important role in the contemporary developments of the city. Urban development is linked to heritage cities' cultural identity by sustaining the heritage value of the urban space, which influences the heritage value. The study's focus is on the tangible and intangible elements of the heritage streets in cities with a unique architectural heritage, which faced crises and war disasters. Al-Najafi Street in old Mosul city is a famous heritage street that included tangible and intangible elements and affected the disaster of the war in 2017. Developers are facing difficulties in protecting the heritage value of the city during the reconstruction process of urban development. The inattention to the intangible elements leads to creating an empty city (dead city). The study aims to determine the tangible and intangible components of the heritage streets in the old Mosul City. The methodology applies qualitative approaches using visual observation for the case study and a survey of the pedestrians in the case study. Results show that facades, details, symbols, and materials are the important factors of the tangible elements. In comparison, the intangible factors are organizational urban structure, activities, and traditional art crafts, which are the key elements of reviving the street and the city to be a liveable city, avoiding the Old Mosul City is a dead city.
Paper ID: 13A7T
Cite this article:
Abdulqader, O., Aljumaah, Z., and Bahauddin, A. (2022). Tangible and Intangible Components of Al-Najafi Heritage Street as a Factor of Liveable City. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 13(7), 13A7T, 1-8. http://TUENGR.COM/V13/13A7T.pdf DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2022.146