International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642


Vol.11(3) (2020)


    Mansoor Hussain and Amir Gulzar (Department of Business Administration, Foundation University Rawalpindi, PAKISTAN )

    Disciplinary: Management Sciences (Organization Manangement).

    ➤ FullText

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.42

    Keywords: Organizational Based Self Esteem; Organizational Learning Culture; Workplace Spirituality; Job Autonomy.

    Learning has assumed a key factor in the success of organizations. There is an ongoing debate among academics and practitioners alike about real essence of learning and its determinants. In this study, the main purpose is to examine the role of organizational based self-esteem as one enabler of organizational learning culture. A model has been proposed to scientifically analyze the moderating effects of workplace spirituality and job autonomy between organizational based self- esteem and organizational learning culture. Employees from private security companies participated in this research and linear regression analyses along Process Macro executed in SPSS? are used to test hypotheses. This research positions workplace spirituality and job autonomy in learning culture debate and implies that learning can be enriched by attending to spiritual enrichment and autonomous jobs. The research suggests a significant relationship between organizational based self-esteem and organizational learning culture, whereas moderation by workplace spirituality is not proven.

    Paper ID: 11A03B

    Cite this article:

    Hussain, M., & Gulzar, A. (2020). INTERACTIVE EFFECTS OF WORKPLACE SPIRITUALITY AND JOB AUTONOMY WITH ORGANIZATION-BASED SELF-ESTEEM ON ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING CULTURE. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 11(3), 11A03B, 1-13.


  1. Anthony, J. V. (2009). Examining the relationship of spirituality and religiosity to individual productivity in the united states. The PhD dissertation submitted to North Central University, Prescott Valley, Arizona.
  2. Arshadi, N., & Damiri, H. (2013). The relationship of job stress with turnover intention and job performance: Moderating role of OBSE. Social and Behavioural Sciences Journal, 84, 706-710.
  3. Bagozzi, R. P., & Yi, Y. (1991). Multitrait-Multimethod matrices in Consumer research. Journal of consumer research, 17, 426-439.
  4. Banerjee, P., Gupta, R., & Bates, R. (2016). Influence of organizational learning culture on knowledge workers motivation to transfer training: testing moderating effects of learning transfer climate. Journal of Curr Psychol.
  5. Berson, Y., Da'as, R. A., & Waldman, D. A. (2015). How do leaders and their teams bring about organizational learning and outcomes? 68, 79-108.
  6. Dipboye, R. L. (1977). A critical review of Kormans self - consistency theory of work motivation and occupational choice. Organizational Behaviour and human Performance, 18, 108-126.
  7. Dreyer, J. S., & Hermans, C. A. (2014). Spiritual character traits and leadership in the school workplace: An exploration of the relationship between spirituality and school leadership in some private and religiously affiliated schools in South Africa. Koers Bulletin for Christian Scholarship, 79(2), 8.
  8. Fourie, M. (2014). Spirituality in the work place: An introductory overview. In Die Skriflig, 1769, 8. doi: 10.4102/ids.v48i1.1769
  9. Gardener, D. G., & Pierce, J. L. (2011). A question of false self-esteem. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 26(8), 682-699.
  10. Gardner, D. G. (1998). A question of false self-esteem. Group and Organizational Management Journal, 23(1), 48-70.
  11. Grant, D., Neil, O., & Stephens, L. (2004). Spirituality in the work place: new empirical directions in the study of the sacred. Journal of sociology of the Religion, 65, 265-283.
  12. Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1976). Motivation through the design of work: test of theory. Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, 16(2), 250-279.
  13. Hayes, A. F. (2018). Partial, conditional, and moderated mediation: Quantification, inference, and interpretation. Communication Monographs, 85(1), 4-40.
  14. Hislop, D. (2010). Knowledge management in organizations. (2nd ed.). Newyork: Oxford University Press. Inc.
  15. Howard, S. (2002). A spiritual perspective on learning in the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(3), 230-242.
  16. Hung, R. Y., Yang, B., Lien, B. Y., Mclean, G. N., & Kuo, Y. M. (2010). Dynamic capability: impact of process alignment and OLC on performance. Journal of world business, 45, 285-294.
  17. James, M. S., Miles, A. K., & Mullins, T. (2011). The interactive effects spirituality and trait cynicism on citizenship and counterproductive work behaviours. Journal of Management, Spiritualityand Religion, 8(2), 165-182.
  18. Kalita, K. (2015). A comparative study of spirituality and burnout among employees in different sectors.
  19. kokkinos, C. M., & Voulgaridou, I. (2018). Motivational beliefs as mediators in the association between perceived scholastic competence, self-esteem and learning strategies among Greek secondry school students. Educational Psychology. doi:10.1080/01443410.2018.1456651
  20. KOSHA. (2004). Retrieved from Job stress measurement scale for Korean employees: Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency. http:// 9633.
  21. korman, A. K. (1970). Towards an hypothesis of work behaviour. Journal of Applied Psychology, 54, 31-41.
  22. Korman, A. K. (1971). Organizational achievement, aggression and creativity: some suggestions towards integrated theory. Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, 6, 593-613.
  23. Korman, A. K. (2001). Self-enhancement and self-protection: Toward a theory of work motivation. Erlbaum: Mahwah.
  24. Korman, A. K. (n.d.). Self enhancement and self - protection: Towards a theory of work motivation. In M. erez, U. kleinbeck, & H. Thierry (Eds.) .
  25. Liopis, O., & Foss, N. J. (2015). Understanding the climate-knowledge sharing relation: The moderating rules of intrinsic motivation and job autonomy. European Management Journal. doi: 10.1016/ j.emj.2015.11.009
  26. Liu, C., Spector, P. E., Liu, Y., & Shi, L. (2011). The interaction of job autonomy and conflict with supervisor in China and United States: a qualitative and quantitative comparison. International Journal of Stress Management, 18(3), 222-245.
  27. Lyles, M. A. (2016). Leveraging Organizational learning and alliances in complex and changing business environments. Global Entrepreneurship Past Present and Future, 5-17.
  28. Maltby, J., Lewis, C. A., & Day, L. (1999). Religious orientation and psychological well being: the role of the frequency of personal prayer; religious orientation and psychological well- being. British Journal of health psychology, 4, 363-378.
  29. Marsick, V. J., & Watkins, K. E. (2003). Demonstrating the value of OLC: Dimensions of learning organizational culture. Advances in Developing Human resources, 5(2), 132-151
  30. . Morgeson, F. P., & Humphrey, S. E. (2006). the work design questionnaire(WDQ): Developing and validating a comprehensive measure for assessing job design and the nature of work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 1321-1339.
  31. Nahrgang, J. D., Morgeson, F. P., & Hofmann, D. A. (2011). Safety at work: ameta-analytic investigation of the link between job demands, job resources, burnout, engagement, and safety outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(1), 71-94.
  32. Nikolova, I., Russeveldt, J. V., Dewitte, H., & Dama, K. V. (2014). Learning climate scale: construction, reliability and initial validity evidence. 85, 258-265.
  33. Nikolova, S. M., Van, J. R., DeWitte, H., & Van, K. D. (2014). Learning climate scale: construction, reliability and initial validity evidence. Journal of vocational behaviour, 85, 258-265.
  34. Pierce, L. J., Gardner, D. G., & Dunham, R. B. (1993). Moderation by organization based sel-esteem of role condition-employee response relationships. Academy of Management Journal, 36, 271-288.
  35. Pierce, L., Gardner, D. G., Cummings, L. L., & Dunham, R. B. (1989). Moderation by OBSE: construct definition, measurement, and validation. Academy of management Journal, 622-648.
  36. Schmitz, S., Rebelo, T., Gracia, F. J., & Tomas, I. (2014). Learning culture and knowledge management process: To what extent are they effectively related? Journal of Work and organizational Psychology, 30, 113-121.
  37. Schneider, B., Ehrhart, M. G., & Macey, W. H. (2013). Organizational climate and culture. Annual review of Psychology, 64, 361-388.
  38. Schutte, P. J. (2016). Workplace spirituality: A tool or a trend?. HTS teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies, 72(4), 3294. doi: 10.4102/ hts.v72i4.3294
  39. Sehgal, I. (2014). Regulating Pakistan,s private security industry. Retrieved from
  40. Sorakraikitikul, M., & Siengthai, S. (2014). OLC and workplace spirituality, is knowledge sharing behaviour a missing link? Journal of Learning Organization, 21(3), 175-192.
  41. Steenkamp, P. L., & Basson, J. S. (2013). A meaningful work place: Framework, space and context. HTS Teologlogiese studies/ Theological Studies, 1258.
  42. Strom, K., Berzofsky, M., Shook-Sa, B., Barrick, K., Daye, C., Horstmann, N., & Kinsey, S. (2010). The Private security industry: A review of the definitions, available data sources, and paths moving forward, literature review and secondry data analysis. 3040 Crnwallis road Research Triangle Park, NC 27709: RTI International.
  43. Tombaugh, J. R., Mayfield, C., & Durand, R. (2011). Spiritual expression at work: exploring the active voice of workplace spirituality. international Journal of Organizational Analysis, 19(2), 146-170.
  44. Unal, Z. M., & Turgut, T. (2016). Organizational culture and organizational based self- esteem as predictors of spirit at work. Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 19(4), 71-96.
  45. Whelpley, C. E., & Mcdaniel, M. A. (2016). Self-esteem and counterproductive work behaviours: A systematic review. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31, 850-863.
  46. Yang, B., Watkins, K. E., & Marsick, V. J. (2004). The construct of learning organization: Dimensions, measurement, and validation. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 15(1), 31-55.
  47. Yang, C. C. (2015). The integrated model of core competence and core capability. Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, 26, 1-17.

Other issues:


Call-for-Scientific Papers
Call-for-Research Papers:
ITJEMAST invites you to submit high quality papers for full peer-review and possible publication in areas pertaining engineering, science, management and technology, especially interdisciplinary/cross-disciplinary/multidisciplinary subjects.

To publish your work in the next available issue, your manuscripts together with copyright transfer document signed by all authors can be submitted via email to Editor @ (no space between). (please see all detail from Instructions for Authors)

Publication and peer-reviewed process:
After the peer-review process (4-10 weeks), articles will be on-line published in the available next issue. However, the International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies cannot guarantee the exact publication time as the process may take longer time, subject to peer-review approval and adjustment of the submitted articles.