International Transaction Journal of Engineering,
Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642


Vol.12(1) (2021)

  • Drivers of ICT Adoption in Small and Very Small Businesses in Technologically Least Developed District of Southern Punjab

    Raheel Nawaz, Khuda Bakhsh, Sami Ullah (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus, PAKISTAN ),
    Sana-ur-Rehman (Department of Business Administration, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Multan, PAKISTAN),
    Muhammad Azeem, Aamir Hayat (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus, PAKISTAN).

    Disciplinary: Business Management (SME) and Information Technology.

    ➤ FullText

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2021.11

    Keywords: ICT intentions, ICT infrastructure, Internet integration, E-sales, E-procurement, ICT adoption, Technological competencies, Human capital, and SMEs.

    The study examines the extent of ICT adoption and to determine the effects of technological competencies and human capital on the adoption of ICT among small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Southern Punjab, Pakistan. We collected cross-sectional data from 170 firms. The ordered probit model was employed. ICT adoption includes ICT intentions, ICT infrastructure, internet integration, e-sales, and e-procurement. Results showed that research collaboration was the only variable having a significant and positive effect on all ICT adoption measures. This implied that investment in research collaboration by the firms could lead to an increase in ICT adoption. The study also found that research and development were significantly related to ICT infrastructure, e-sales, and e-procurement. Results also suggest that the firms need to enhance their R&D activities, innovations, and research collaborations to increase their ICT intentions. The latter two should also be emphasized to promote internet integration in firms.

    Paper ID: 12A1K

    Cite this article:

    Nawaz, R., Bakhsh, K. Sami Ullah, Rehman, S., Azeem, M., Hayat, A. (2021). Drivers of ICT Adoption in Small and Very Small Businesses in Technologically Least Developed District of Southern Punjab. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 12(1), 12A1K, 1-10.


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