International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642


Vol.12(2) (2021)

  • Offensive Caricatures and Freedom of Speech and Charlie Hebdo: A Discourse Analysis of Turkish News Agency Expectancy Model

    Muhammad Mudassar Riaz, Cheng Yuru (College of Journalism and Communication, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, CHINA),
    Muhammad Naeem Javed (Department of Mass Communication, Lahore Leads University, PAKISTAN).

    Disciplinary: Journalism and Mass Communication, Peace and War Studies, Terrorism Study, Religion and Believe Study, Anger and Hatred Study.

    ➤ FullText

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2021.25

    Keywords: Freedom of expression; Freedom of the press; Offensive caricatures; Holy Prophet Muhammad; Charlie Hebdo; Western media; Global Reaction; Religion; Human right; Western press; Islamophobia.

    Today, there is no doubt that the media has cast its deep imprints upon human life. Media touches every aspect of life in shaping the views of people. Still, the media should be responsible for their coverage, and their accountability is intensified where ethnicity, race, and religion are concerned. The French magazine Charlie Hebdo issued offensive caricatures of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Pease Be Upon Him), replicated under the pretext of freedom of speech. The debate on freedom of expression, self-censorship, and democratic values has been broad and lively in the aftermath of Charlie Hebdo's reprinting of offensive caricatures. The iconoclastic French publication attempted a loud and defiant declaration in defense of free speech and expression. Some others have said that Charlie Hebdo is needlessly reopening old wounds through its aggressive actions. In this study, the researcher examines an article and blogs of Anadolu Agency related to the issue. The finding shows that the reprinting of caricatures by Charlie Hebdo participates in the racial promotion. And offensive campaigns have hurt the feelings of more than 1.5 billion Muslims across the globe. Freedom of speech is of "great significance" and must be included in a "constructive manner" following the principle for peaceful coexistence and comprehension between religions.

    Paper ID: 12D2D

    Cite this article:

    Riaz, M. M., Yuru, C., Javed, M. N. (2021). Offensive Caricatures and Freedom of Speech and Charlie Hebdo: A Discourse Analysis of Turkish News Agency Expectancy Model. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 12(2), 12A2D, 1-12.


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