International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies


:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642


Vol.12(3) (2021)

  • Moral Development in Individuals with Cannabis Use Disorder: A Comparative Multi-level Study

    Farhana Sajjad Kiani, Sadaf Ahsan (Department of Psychology, Foundation University Islamabad, Punjab 44000, PAKISTAN),
    Qurat Ul Ain (Faculty of Management Sciences, Foundation University Islamabad, Punjab 44000, PAKISTAN),
    Saadiya Abbasi (Department of Psychology, Foundation University Islamabad, Punjab 44000, PAKISTAN),
    Faisal Khalil-Ur-Rehman (Postgraduate Center, Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Cyberjaya, Selangor 63000, MALAYSIA).

    Disciplinary: Psychology, Moral Philosophy, Medical Cannabis Science and Therapeutics, Social Engineering, Herbal & Alternative Medicine.

    ➤ FullText

    doi: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2021.46

    Keywords: Morality; CUD; Pakistan; Marijuana treatment; Youth and Young Adults; Rehabilitation of individuals with Substance Use Disorder; Reasons for drug use; Reasons for using Marijuana; Cannabis use awareness; Drug and crime.

    This study investigated the difference in the moral development of individuals with Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) and non-users as well as variance in the moral development of individuals with mild, moderate, and severe CUD. The sample size consisted of 204 participants. The participants were approached by visiting rehabilitation centres and universities. The participant's ages ranged between 15-34 years. In this paper, purposive sampling and snowball sampling techniques were employed. Furthermore, Moral Development Interview Inventory and DSM-V criteria were used for assessment. SPSS®21 software was used for analysis. The t-test revealed individuals with CUD scored significantly lower on moral development as compared to non-users. One-Way ANOVA indicated that moral development significantly differs on levels of severity of CUD. Furthermore, Post Hoc Analysis showed that individuals with severe and moderate CUD had significantly lower moral development than individuals with mild CUD. The study has implications for parents in the upbringing of children and for mental health practitioners in the rehabilitation of individuals with CUD.

    Paper ID: 12A3D

    Cite this article:

    Kiani, F. S., Ahsan, S., Ul Ain, Q., Abbasi, S., Khalil-Ur-Rehman, F. (2021). Moral Development in Individuals with Cannabis Use Disorder: A Comparative Multi-level Study. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 12(3), 12A3D, 1-8.


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