Disciplinary: Green Architecture, Urban Agricultures, Agricultural Sustainability, Agriculture Green Economy, Sustainable City.
Keywords: America urban farming; Mobile greenhouse; Design build; Rust belt prototypes; Urban attrition; Urban farmers; Architectural typology; Gridshell dome; Project School; Grassroots urban farming.
Sustainable cities of the future can no longer be just consumers of food and producers of waste (Cockrall-King, 2012). A growing movement toward food production within urban areas, "urban farming", is sweeping across America, in particular throughout the Midwest and "rust belt" cities suffering from population loss. Urban farming repurposes vacant properties resulting from economic decline, home, and business foreclosures, to bring food production and distribution full circle to the way the system operated before refrigeration and long-distance trucking (Heikens, 2010). The city of Indianapolis, USA will be used as a case study to look at new architectural typologies designed to support this growing movement. Like many cities throughout the world, Indianapolis has an eroding manufacturing base, marginal public schools, and high crime rates, which have all contributed to significant attrition. City officials in Indianapolis have supported urban farming as a strategy to address the 21,000 vacant and abandoned properties in this city of just under one million residents. This paper will present and learn from a series of recently completed (architecture) student design-build projects which offer insight into new architectural typologies designed to support urban farming efforts throughout the country and throughout the world.
Paper ID: 11A15A
Cite this article:
Gray, T.C. (2020). ARCHITECTURAL PROTOTYPES IN SUPPORT OF URBAN FARMING AND THE SUSTAINABLE CITY. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 11(15), 11A15A, 1-8.
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Heikens, Neil. (2010). Urban Farmer Hopes He is The First of Many. Indiana Business Journal, article 20298, http://www.IBJ.com/articles/20298 Accessed March. 2019.
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