International Transaction Journal of Engineering,
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:: International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies

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ISSN 2228-9860
eISSN 1906-9642
CODEN: ITJEA8


FEATURE PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

Vol.11(9) (2020)

  • FACTORS AFFECTING REQUIREMENTS ENGINEERING IN AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT: A SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS

    Muhammad Ali Abid, Zia Ud Din, Muhammad Ijaz Khan, Tariq Naeem (Institute of Computing and Information Technology, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Information Technology, Software Engineering.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.163

    Keywords: Requirements Engineering (RE); Agile Requirement Engineering Models (AREM); Traditional Models; Agile RE practices; IEEE database; ACM database; Springer database; Elsevier database; Science direct database.

    Abstract
    Requirements Engineering (RE) has been considered as agile software development initial routes that include system stakeholders in problem analysis iterative process, elicitation requirements, specification, and validation. A successful project is often dominated by the RE process. Numerous techniques about requirement engineering practices are existent to ensure that requests are complete from each dimension. This paper presents an exposition of requirements engineering challenges as well as complexities, beset on large software research division. In this drive, developing requirements is a challenging undertaking that helps in identifying the related issues. In RE, the involved events are defined and facets of an iterative procedure are offered. Removing complexities from AREM is a very tedious and laborious task. We pointed out those complexities who dominate the REM, badly affect the Agile Requirement Engineering Model towards success. If we omit the pointed complexities or have care during the RE model development, then we achieve as we desire accordingly.

    Paper ID: 11A9A

  • NEXUS OF FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY AND INVESTMENT EFFICIENCY

    Irfan Ullah, Usman Ayub, Hashim Khan (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Management and Financial Sciences.

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    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.164

    Keywords: Earnings management; Adverse selection; Liability side accruals quality; Moral hazard; Firm performance; Asset side accruals quality; Total accruals quality (TAQ).

    Abstract
    This paper examines the bi-directional relationship between financial reporting quality and investment efficiency. Prior studies suggest that financial reporting quality improves the investment efficiency of firms. Using firm-level data one measure of financial reporting quality namely liability side accrual quality confirms this association. Further, we find that firms involve in accruals earnings management thereby decreasing financial reporting quality in an attempt to conceal firm performance from outsiders. Our measure of investment efficiency excessively predicts financial reporting quality. This relationship can be seen for both proxies of financial reporting quality- asset side accruals quality and liability side accruals quality. Results on the two-way relationship between variables are robust even when we use total accruals quality as an alternative proxy of financial reporting quality.

    Paper ID: 11A9B

  • EXPERIENCING GNSS ATLAS L-BAND SERVICE IN THAILAND

    Seksun Pluemsawasd, Kritsada Anantakarn (Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Uthenthawai Campus. Rajamongala University of Technology Tawan-ok, THAILAND ),
    Rerkchai Fooprateepsiri (Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Business and Information Technology, Rajamongala University of Technology Tawan-ok, THAILAND ),
    Wunchock Kroehong (Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Uthenthawai Campus. Rajamongala University of Technology Tawan-ok, THAILAND ),
    Boonsap Witchayangkoon (Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, THAILAND ).

    Disciplinary: Multidisciplinary (Geodetic/Navigation Engineering, Civil Engineering, Information Technology).

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    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.165

    Keywords: Land survey; GPS; GNSS, RTK; internet; CORS; L-band correction; L-band differential correction service; AUSPOS.

    Abstract
    Many civil engineering and construction tasks require highly accurate land surveying information. The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) provides positioning locations for land surveying and navigation technology. To achieve high accuracy, Real-Time Kinematic (RTK) differential correction method is mainly applied for Differential GNSS measurement. The Royal Thai Survey Department (RTSD) has established many local Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS). Information from CORS can be used for RTK differential correction via mobile Internet connection. However, many rural remote areas in Thailand such as forest, agricultural lands have no GSM mobile signal and Internet. The alternative solution is to use the GNSS L-band global correction service that is connected to a satellite communication system. Such system uses precise point positioning (PPP) technology to give corrected data for improving positioning measurement accuracy without internet connection requirement. This study employs is GNSS L-Band Global correction service for many test sites in Thailand and the results are compared with static. The user receiver accessing to GPS, GLONASS and BEIDU satellites, the static comparison study of Atlas L-Band correction and AUSPOS confirms centimeters horizontal accuracy and decimeters height accuracy.

    Paper ID: 11A9C

  • EFFECTS OF SOIL DOMAIN SIZE ON TORSIONAL RESPONSE OF OFFSHORE PLATFORM

    Abdulameer Qasim Hasan, Rafi M. Qasim(Department of Environmental and Pollution Engineering, Basra Engineering Technical College, Southern Technical University, Basra, IRAQ ).

    Disciplinary: Civil & Geotechnical Engineering.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.166

    Keywords: Offshore platform; Ship collision force; Soil-Pile interaction; Pile foundation; Elastoplastic soil; Elastic soil; Two ships collision load.

    Abstract
    The main target of this work deals with the investigation of the dynamic behavior of offshore platform structure to the torsional load which produces from two ships collision load in opposite direction considering the impact of soil size domain. The ABAQUS software is employed to achieve the structural response considering soil-pile-offshore platform interaction. Two soil models are adopted in this study and these models are elastic model and elastoplastic model, while this study adopted six soil size domains as a function of pile diameter and these sizes are (4D,6D,8D,10D,12D,14D) where D represent pile diameter. The investigation includes pile response and can be described by displacement, twist angle, shear force, bending moment, and shear stress. Also, the displacement of deck slab variation with time is investigated. The investigation illustrates that always the response of piles which comprises displacement, twist angle, shear force, bending moment and shear stress is higher when the pile foundation embedded in elastoplastic soil as compared with elastic soil, also the variation in deck slab response is higher when the pile foundation embedded in elastoplastic soil as compared with elastic soil. It is evident from the result as the soil domain size increases the response of piles and deck slab decrease regardless of the soil model.

    Paper ID: 11A9D

  • GENDER ROLE STEREOTYPING AND ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION AMONG SAUDI FEMALES

    Muhammad Ilyas (Department of Management & MIS, College of Business Administration, University of Hail, Hail, SAUDI ARABIA ).

    Disciplinary: Management Sciences, Woman Studies.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.167

    Keywords: Women empowerment; Saudi females' entrepreneurs; Social culture; Entrepreneurial self-efficacy; women in education.

    Abstract
    This study's prime objective examines the impacts of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, social culture, and education on entrepreneurial intentions among Saudi Women. Additionally, this study has also examined the mediating role of gender role stereotyping in the relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy, social culture, and the education and the entrepreneurial intentions among Saudi Women. The study has employed surveys-based, using questionnaires. The females with entrepreneurship startups during the last three years have chosen as a final sample. The SEM-PLS is employed as a research tool. The findings indicate that entrepreneurial self-efficacy has a significant impact on the entrepreneurial intention among Saudi females. The gender role stereotyping, culture and education all appear as a significant determinant of entrepreneurial intention among Saudi females. The study has highlighted the women contributed to the growth of the economy through establishing SMEs and the creation of jobs. A gap has been identified in existing literature irrespective of the significance of attitudes in entrepreneurial actions, intentions, and success. The study is among the pioneer study on the issues related to gender role stereotyping, culture, and entrepreneurial intention among Saudi females.

    Paper ID: 11A9E

  • DETERMINANTS OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE: EVIDENCE FROM VIETNAM INDUSTRIAL FIRMS

    Thu-Trang Thi Doan (Faculty of Finance and Banking, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City (IUH), VIETNAM ).

    Disciplinary: Management & Financial Sciences.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.168

    Keywords: Capital structure; M&M theorem; Industrial companies; The dynamic panel data; GMM; Firm profitability; Firm size; Firm liquidity; Firm tangibility; Firm foreign ownership.

    Abstract
    The paper observes the factors affecting the capital structure of 102 industrial firms listed on the Vietnam stock market for 2008-2018. The study used table data methods including Pooled Regression (Pooled OLS), Fixed effects model (FEM), Random effects model (REM). Afterward, the Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) is adopted to test the hypotheses and control autocorrelation, heteroscedasticity, and potential endogeneity issues. The results reveal the positive impact of firm size and previous capital structure on the current capital structure. Also, they report that liquidity, tangibility, firm profitability, and foreign ownership are negatively correlated to capital structure. The study greatly contributes towards the enrichment of empirical evidence on capital structure in the industry.

    Paper ID: 11A9F

  • SPACE SYNTAX ANALYSIS ON INDOOR ARENA'S LAYOUT PLAN OF SPICE ARENA, PENANG

    Tan Yong Ann, Ahmad Sanusi Hassan (School of Housing, Building & Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, MALAYSIA ),
    Asif Ali (Architecture Section (University Polytechnic), Aligarh Muslim University, INDIA ),
    Boonsap Witchayangkoon (Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, THAILAND ).

    Disciplinary: Architectural Sciences.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.169

    Keywords: Human activities and the spaces; Space syntax graph; Wayfinding and permeability; Spatial configuration.

    Abstract
    Space syntax is a human-focused approach tool that supports humans to identify the relationship between human activities and the spaces within a habited area. This paper mainly focusses on the space syntax that defined from the existing case study Spice Arena, Penang. Method of utilising information found from the resources like the internet and interview the respective parties involved in the building renovation. Likert scale method is used to present the finalist of the research which justifies the wayfinding and permeability of Spice Arena. The finding of this paper showing the wayfinding in the Spice Arena is instead a dilemma. Based on the outcome, the round spatial arrangement of Spice Arena is somewhat supportive for the visitors to seek for wayfinding. However, some areas are narrow and dense which are not suitable to cater to the large volume of visitors. Hence, the finding of this paper hopes to aid the designer in their future arena design.

    Paper ID: 11A9G

  • BANK COMPETITION AND STABILITY RELATIONSHIP: EVIDENCE FROM SELECTED ECONOMIES OF SOUTH ASIAN REGION

    Muhammad Amir Alvi, Amir Rafique * (Department of Management Sciences COMSATS University Islamabad, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Banking, Finance and Management Sciences.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.170

    Keywords: Bank concentration; Banking competition-fragility; Two-step system GMM; Z-score; Commercial banks; South Asian banking; Hirschman-Herfindahl index; Wu-Hausman test; Stability of banking; Levin-Lin-Chu test.

    Abstract
    This study explores the impact of bank competition on the stability of 88 banking institutions in four South Asian economies (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka) for 2012-2018. Both structure and non-structure measures of competition are used in empirical measurements along with z-score that is mostly used measure of stability. The results using two-step system generalized method of moment (GMM) suggests that structure measures of bank competition (Concentration ratio and Hirschman-Herfindahl index) have a significant positive impact on the stability of banks while non-structure measures of bank competition (Panzar and Rosse H statistics, Conventional, Adjusted Lerner index and Boone indicator) have a significant negative impact on the stability of banks. The results are strongly in the favour of competition-fragility hypothesis which proposes that an increase in competition reduces the stability of banking institutions in the financial market.

    Paper ID: 11A9H

  • A REVIEW ON BIOMASS GASIFICATION FOR FUEL CELLS

    Sucharita MOHANTY, Gowreesh S SUBRAMANYA (Department of Mechanical Engineering, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bangalore, INDIA ),
    PRATHIBHA B.S. (Department of Chemistry, B.N.M. Institute of Technology, Bangalore, INDIA ).

    Disciplinary: Renewable Energy & Clean Technology.

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    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.171

    Keywords: Biofuels, Gasifier, SynGas, Gas cleaning, SOFC, Gasification Technology; Combustible gases; biomass-derived gas; Biomass gasification (BG); HCl; BG-SOFC.

    Abstract
    Biomass has been used as a supply of heat energy since man initially discovered fire. Biomass energy is obtained in many ways and numerous fuels are extracted from it. Traditional biomass conversion technologies like direct combustion, digestion, fermentation, and pyrolysis give low electrical efficiency compared to biomass gasification with fuel cells. The proper gasifier technologies selection supported the compatibility of the fuel cell. Fuel cell technology can be used as a standalone system or integrated with various technologies like Biomass gasification, ORC, GT, or MGT for electricity generation. The current paper included a review of different biomasses, gas cleaning methods, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), and finally the integration of biomass gasifiers with SOFC. Gas cleaning methods remove particulates, organic and inorganic impurities which reduces the performance of biomass-derived gases and fuel cells especially if we select gasification technology. Therefore, more researches are needed to produce a better gas cleaning system for SOFC to reduce the impurities, improve the efficiency and economical designing of the system. Therefore, the start towards the technical realization of the system is ready and presented in this paper.

    Paper ID: 11A9I

  • A STUDY ON DISABLED POPULATION IN RUSSIA AND KURGAN REGION

    N.L. Egorova, V.A. Dubovskaya, S.A. Musikhina, L.C. Dmitriyevskikh (Department of Defectology, Kurgan State University, Russia, RUSSIA ).

    Disciplinary: Defectology.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.172

    Keywords: Disabled statistics; Disabled person; Childhood disability; Person with special healthcare needs; Handicap population; Incapacitation; disabled children.

    Abstract
    This article clarifies the need to analyze statistical data in connection with the increase in the disability rate within the Russian Federation and the Kurgan region. The study presents the main results of the research on disability and trends in the number of people with disabilities in Russia and the Kurgan region for 2017-2019. The basic concepts have been specified and differentiated: disabled people, disability, persons with special healthcare needs, incapacitation. The data analysis on the ratio of the disability rate of the population in different age groups on the territory of the Russian Federation is given. The data on the total number of disabled people and childhood disability in the Russian Federation, the Ural region, and the Kurgan region are specified. Several statistical parameters on the distribution of the number of disabled people by gender and the specificity of the childhood disability prevalence in different age groups are considered. The ratio of the disabled children to the total number of the disabled people of the Kurgan region and the Russian Federation is allocated. An attempt is made to rank the statistical data on the disability prevalence in the Kurgan region in comparison with other regions of the Russian Federation. The results of the study can be used by students, magistrates, postgraduates in scientific activities and to involve the public in this problem.

    Paper ID: 11A9J

  • DISSECTING NEW YORK TIMES AND THE HINDU PERSPECTIVE ON WAR ON TERROR

    Shahid Minhas, (Department of Communication, GIFT University, PAKISTAN ),
    Muhammad Anwar (Department of Media Studies, Khushal Khan Khattak University, Karak, PAKISTAN ),
    Tasaddaq Hussain (Department of Mass Communication, International Islamic University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN. ),
    Masroor Ahmad (Department of Mass Communication, Virtual University of Pakistan, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Multidisciplinary (Journalism and Mass Communication Science (Information and Media Sciences), Political Sciences (International Relations), Global Studies).

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.173

    Keywords: Pakistan-US relationship; Indo-Pak relation; News coverage; NY Times; The Hindu of India; Terrorism coverage; Framing terrorism; Hardliner.

    Abstract
    This study was based to investigate the comparative viewpoint on the War on Terror in Pakistan of Indian and American press by analyzing the content of these newspapers. The study objective was to determine how The Hindu of India and the New York Times (NY Times) of America depicted and how the War on Terror in Pakistan is significantly covered and portrayed by these selected newspapers. The study also analyzes to what extent NY Times and The Hindu followed its state's foreign policies while covering the issue. The study pointed out that NY Times gives slight coverage to Pakistan and also other third world countries, however, as for as the War on Terror in Pakistan is concerned it gives a considerable coverage compare to The Hindu with favorable stance and portray Pakistan as front line state in the War on Terror in Pakistan. This research study also finds out that when the NY Times gives coverage to other third world countries that it has no interests, it inclines to cover negative news. The results of this study will benefit the government concerned to know and formulate the policy regarding the War on Terror in Pakistan.

    Paper ID: 11A9K

  • MOOC-BASED FOR SCIENCE OF MEDICINE TEACHING

    Nadezhda N. Sokolaeva (Institute of Linguistics and Intercultural Communication, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, RUSSIA and Department of Quality Management and Certification, MIREA - Russian Technological University, RUSSIA),
    Liliya A. Kripakova (Institute of Linguistics and Intercultural Communication, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, RUSSIA ),
    Nikolay S. Chekalkin (Department of High Mathematics-2, MIREA - Russian Technological University, RUSSIA),
    Maxim A. Nazarenko (Department of Quality Management and Certification, MIREA - Russian Technological University, RUSSIA ).

    Disciplinary: Multidisciplinary (Education (Teaching English), Information Technology (MOOC), Medicine and Pharmacy).

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    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.174

    Keywords: MOOC English course; MOOC evaluation; MOOC questionnaire; online course; Pharmacy senior students.

    Abstract
    The article describes the practice of utilizing Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) at Sechenov Medical University for teaching English. MOOCs on the platform "Future Learn" is intended for specialists, but they also can be used to improve language skills. We analyze how MOOCs affect the learning process in general, and the MOOC "Science of Medicines" being included in the training program "Translational Medicine" for pharmaceutical students, in particular. On completing the course, students were offered to fill in a questionnaire. We ask them whether it is reasonable to use MOOCs this way, to give the pros and cons as well as to assess their achievements. "Science of Medicines" is a 6-week online course designed for specialists in pharmacy, that’s why it was given to the forth-year students of pharmacy, who had got specialist training long enough to cope with the course (3 academic groups comprising 37 students). All the students completed the course on time but 43 percent had to admit that their English was not good enough and 70 percent designated the course as difficult or very difficult. The average rating of their achievements was 3.85, according to their assessment on a five-point scale.

    Paper ID: 11A9L

  • TECHNOLOGICAL TOOLS FOR DATA SECURITY IN THE TREATMENT OF DATA RELIABILITY IN BIG DATA ENVIRONMENTS

    Luay Abdulwahid Shihab (Department of Basic Science, College of Nursing, University of Basrah, Basrah, IRAQ ).

    Disciplinary: Computer Sciences and Information Technology.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.175

    Keywords: Information security; Data authenticity; Technological security tools; Reliability of data; Information security mechanism; Big Data technologies; Data legality; Network security measures; Veracity in Big Data; Data privacy.

    Abstract
    The set of new technological solutions that allow organizations to better manage their information, commonly known as "Big Data", have a growing role in all types of public and private organizations. As a Big Data problem, how data grows in volume, speed and variety can be contemplated. This is due to the great advance and use of information technologies, and the daily use that people make of them. Within the state of the art are found from various definitions of the term Big Data to existing technologies to start a project in an institution of any productive, commercial, or educational branch. This article gives an overview of the data security technology processes, defining those that lead to rising data veracity in Big Data environments. As a result of this analysis, a series of criteria was established relevant to the authenticity of the data and the use of network security measures were suggested for each of these criteria. The article also seeks to lead to further work on information security within Information Science, as it would provide a perspective on the methods available for approaching information security, leading to increasing the reliability of knowledge obtained from contexts containing significant volumes of knowledge. This work proposes adding two criteria for veracity, highlighted as a contribution of this work, in addition to the previous criteria. These are legality and privacy.

    Paper ID: 11A9M

  • URBAN DESIGN ELEMENTS' ANALYSIS OF BANDAR ENSTEK, NILAI NEGERI SEMBILAN, MALAYSIA

    Irene Ng Wei Yong, Yasser Arab, Jestin Nordin, Ahmad Sanusi Hassan (School of Housing, Building & Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA).

    Disciplinary: Urban Planning & Design.

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    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.176

    Keywords: Urban Design Element; Superblock township; Modern urban design; Loop and cul-de-sac road systems; Smokeless and slumless city, Land use; Street system path; Landmarks; Nodes; Edges; Real social interaction.

    Abstract
    The study discusses modern urban design elements in a superblock planning concept for housing development in Malaysia. A case study of Kuarters KLIA & Bander Enstek, Nilai is conducted on how urban design elements influence the behaviour and flow of the tenants in the studied neighbourhood. To determine the quality of urban design elements in Kuarters KLIA & Bandar Enstek by conducting a qualitative and quantitative survey through the inventory of the layout plan, observations and interviews with residents. The curvilinear design approach accentuates the planning. Loops and cul-de-sacs increase security and privacy, reduce car traffic, allow more green spaces and create a social-interactive neighbourhood. Public courtyards and playgrounds in every superblock promote communal interaction. The superblock concept with public courtyards is an ideal urban design method for modern housing that promotes social interaction in a neighbourhood.

    Paper ID: 11A9N

  • INCORPORATION OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES IN NEPALESE ARCHITECTURE

    Tabassum Siddiqui (Department of Architecture, Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Kathmandu, NEPAL, and Department of Architecture, Nepal Sanskrit University, NEPAL ).

    Disciplinary: Architecture, Construction Technology, World History.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.177

    Keywords: Nepalese architecture; Temple architecture; Islam masjid; Islamic architectural feature; Mosque architecture.

    Abstract
    To identify the adopted Islamic architectural design elements in the religious and secular buildings of Nepal, the studied parameters are confined to mosque and temple complexes, which show the reflection and amalgamation of borrowed architectural style from neighbouring countries. Islamic design principles and elements of Mughal architecture from North India due to the migration of Muslims have been integrated into the building design in Nepal. This architectural characteristic is visible in the master plan, layout plan, roof (dome) and elevation as well as arches and window openings with window screen, niches, and geometric design patterns used in the decoration of building facades, floorings, roofs, ceilings, landscapes and water bodies. Being a land-lock between India and China, the country's architecture has evolved with an exchange of regional art, culture, and tradition.

    Paper ID: 11A9O

  • THE EPIDEMIC COVID-19 OUTBREAK AND ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN IN DEVELOPING ASIA: A REVIEW

    Sarfaraz Ahmed Bhutto, Saifullah Shaikh, Muhammad Ashraf (Institute of Commerce, Shah Abdul Latif Unversity Khairpur, Sindh, PAKISTAN ),
    Hussain Amar (Government Islamia Arts & Commerce College, Sukkur, Sindh, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Management & Economic Sciences, Public Health.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.178

    Keywords: Infectious COVID-19 epidemic; MERS; PRC; Coronavirus pandemic; Tourism loss; SARS; Economics recession; Developing Asia; Tourism industry shrink; Coronavirus consequences for tourism.

    Abstract
    This study has taken a review of COVID-19 outbreak on the economic slowdown in developing Asia. Wuhan, City of PRC where this outbreak raised to the whole world, made several economic challenges for PRC and developing Asian economies. It is observed in this study that economic channels like trade, travel, production and services are affected through demand shock spillover and investment decline. Additionally, this study has reported different economic uncertainties and economic scenarios like best, moderate, and worse for PRC and other developing Asian economies. A brief review has taken for pandemic like SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), MERS (Middle-east respiratory syndrome), Ebola, Seasonal flu, and COVID-19. Elliptically, the transition and spread of COVID-19 is higher than other outbreaks, however, death ratio is relatively small compared to Ebola and MERS epidemics. Moreover, this study also briefed the role of Asian Development Bank (ADB) to provide financial and non-financial (knowledge and partnership) assistance to PRC and other developing economies of Asia.

    Paper ID: 11A9P

  • AN INVESTIGATION OF CAPABILITY OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE APPROACH IN DROUGHT FORECAST

    Uruya Weesakul, Shekhar Mahat (Department of Civil Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, THAILAND).

    Disciplinary: Water Resources Engineering.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.179

    Keywords: Deep neural network; Rainfall forecasting; Large-scale atmospheric variables; Drought forecasting modelling; Klong Yai river basin; Thailand.

    Abstract
    In Thailand, droughts frequently occur during the last 5 decades with increases in frequency occurrence and their impact on the agricultural sector as well as human economic activities, in recent decades due to climate change. It is necessary to develop drought forecasting models for efficient water resources management. Rare drought forecast models, with high accuracy, are developed in Thailand. The study aims to investigate the capability of an Artificial Intelligence Approach in drought forecasting by using Deep Neural Network for monthly rainfall forecast. Eastern river basin in Thailand was selected as a case study, due to its frequent occurrence of drought. Monthly rainfall from Plauk Daeng station during 1991-2016 was collected for analysis of drought situations. Drought in the study is defined as low rainfall than normal conditions leading to insufficient water to meet normal needs. The percentile range method was adopted in the study for drought identification when monthly rainfall is lower than the 40th percentile then drought condition is classified. Monthly rainfall during 1991-2010 was used for the training process of the DNN model while monthly rainfall during 2011-2016 was used for the validation process. Drought forecast during the validation process reveals that Artificial Intelligence Approach can predict drought situations with acceptable accuracy for only three months ahead with 60% accuracy. When the leading time of the forecast increases to be 6 months, the accuracy of the forecast decreases to be only 55%. Further study to improve model performance will be conducted using the Input Selection Technique so that the model is applicable in engineering practice.

    Paper ID: 11A9Q

  • NEXUS AMONG SOCIAL SUSTAINABLE PERFORMANCE, SOCIAL SUSTAINABLE SUPPLY CHAIN PRACTICES AND OPERATION PERFORMANCE: DOES THE LONG-TERM ORIENTATION MATTER?

    Abhishek Tripathi (Department of Management & Information System, College of Business Administration, University of Hail, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA ).

    Disciplinary: Management Sciences (Sustainable Management).

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.180

    Keywords: Operational performance (OP); Supply Chain; Social sustainable; Sustainable service supply chain (SSSC); Limited Time Offer (LTO); Corporate sustainability; Business Sector Support Program (BSSP); Social Sustainability Orientation (SSOR).

    Abstract
    This study's prime objective is to explore the nexus among social sustainable performance, socially sustainable supply chain practices, and operational performance. Additionally, the study has also examined the moderating role of long-term orientation between social sustainability performance and socially sustainable supply chain practices. The results of the study are different from the previous researches in different ways. Operational performance cannot be improved through the implementation of basic social sustainable supply chain practices. Innovation can be suppressed by basic practices in this way. The operational outcomes can improve through the use of advanced social sustainable supply chain practices. Moreover, it influences the operational performance positively. The results are consistent with the previous research, which supports that change in product design and the process can result in improved learning for the organization. In this research, the specific practices and their influence created on the operational performance have been defined, which makes it different from the previous researches. The use of advanced SSSC practices needs coordination and improved strategic planning in the supply chain. The operational outcomes of the firm can improve as well. The study has contributed to long term orientation and social sustainable performance theory regarding the second research question. The use of advanced practices enables the positive influence of sustainability orientation on the firm's operational performance. It has been found that the use of advanced practices results in operational benefits but there is a need for further analysis from the aspect of basic practices. It is important to invest in advanced practices that may require more resources but result in improved operational performance.

    Paper ID: 11A9R

  • HERDING BEHAVIOUR IN EMERGING MARKET: EVIDENCE FROM PAKISTAN STOCK EXCHANGE

    Rida Imran, Amir Rafique, Faheem Aslam (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Management Sciences (Financial Management).

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.181

    Keywords: Stock returns; Fundamental factors; Non-fundamental factors; Financial momentum; Cross sectional absolute dispersion CSAD, Non-financial firms.

    Abstract
    To measure the extent of fundamental and non-fundamental herding behaviour in Pakistan stock exchange for the period 2012-2017, this study takes into account the relationship between stock returns, crude oil prices and multifactor asset pricing model such as size (SMB), value (HML) and momentum (MOM) using cross sectional absolute dispersion (CSAD) of return for 67 non-financial firms. The study finds that there is evidence of non-fundamental herding and herding during political turbulence, but investors do not herd during downward moment of oil prices.

    Paper ID: 11A9S

  • A PROTECTION SHIELD AGAINST ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS OF TRANSFORMER SUBSTATIONS IN RAIL TRANSPORT

    Gennady Bilenko (Department of Transportation Management, Russian University of Transport (MIIT), RUSSIA),
    Evgenii Novikov (Department of Electrification and Power Supply, Russian University of Transport (MIIT), RUSSIA),
    Valery Ridel (Department of Transportation Infrastructure Management Systems, Russian University of Transport (MIIT), RUSSIA),
    Anton Chekhov, Mikhail Rybin (Department of Electrification and Power Supply, Russian University of Transport (MIIT), RUSSIA).

    Disciplinary: Transportation & Infrastructure Management, Electromagnetic Engineering.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.182

    Keywords: Utility frequency fields; Electromagnetic shield; Shielding wall; Transformer; Multilayer electromagnetic shield (MES); Shielding coefficient (attenuation).

    Abstract
    This paper presents characteristics of electromagnetic fields that arise from the generation and affect railroad workers. Besides, radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, there is human exposure to electromagnetic fields that are being generated by utility frequency power transformers. The high voltages and high currents of the transformer substations are sources of strong electromagnetic fields on railroad. For this reason, the analysis has been conducted on protective properties of a new shield design and suggested a design of a multilayer electromagnetic shield to protect the workers and automatic equipment for the railroad industry from exposure to utility frequency fields.

    Paper ID: 11A9T

  • IMPACTS OF DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES ON CAUSES AND OUTCOMES OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS: CASE OF JUDICIARY IN KPK PAKISTAN

    Tehseen Ahmad, Qamar Afaq Qureshi (Department of Public Administration, Institute of Political and Administrative Studies, Gomal University DIKhan, KP, PAKISTAN ).

    Disciplinary: Public Administration & Management Sciences.

    (Backup file)

    DOI: 10.14456/ITJEMAST.2020.183

    Keywords: Demographics stress; Job stress; Experience stress; Individual stressors; Collective Stressors; Outcomes of stress; Judges' stress; Ill-Health; Advocates' stress.

    Abstract
    Everyone experiences stressful situations, though people react to them in different ways. The concept of stress has been identified as being a major protagonist of ill health and poor senses of wellbeing amongst all age groups. Several stress factors have been determined to affect both Judges and advocates. However, relevant literature does not adequately explore the effect of demographic variables on the stress factors. This study aimed to examine the differences between demographic characteristics and occupational stress. Data was collected through questionnaires by using 285 samples from all the twenty-five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa per population size to include respondents from all over the province. A simple random sampling was used to determine the participants in the study. Seven (Age, Gender, Designation, Experience, Qualification, Residence, and Marital status) demographic attributes of the judges and advocates were taken from the literature to identify any mean differences between different groups of the respondents on demographic diversities. Data was analysed through t-test and One-way ANOVA. Results revealed that the questions regarding demographic relations were significantly contributed to revealing that opinion has changed due to six of seven variables.

    Paper ID: 11A9U




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